Wind Damage

Wind Damage

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About / Description

During severe thunderstorms, tornados or hurricanes, homes may be damaged or destroyed by high winds. Debris flying through the air could break windows and doors, allowing high winds to get inside the home. In extreme wind storms, the force of the wind alone can cause weak places in your home to fail. Experts who study the durability of homes have found four areas that should be checked for weakness windows, doors, the roof, and if you have one, the garage door. The Safedry partner reconstruction  crews are ready to help put your home back to pre-loss condition.

In February 2007, the Fujita Scale was replaced by the Enhanced Fujita Scale. The new "EF" scale is similar to its predecessor. It classifies tornadoes into six different categories (EF0 through EF5 instead of F0 through F5). Where the EF scale differs, however, is in the number of criteria used to assess a tornado's level of damage. First, there are damage indicators objects that can be damaged in the tornado. These are classified from 1 (small barns) to 28 (softwood trees). Each damage indicator can also experience varying degrees of damage (DODs). Each DOD corresponds to estimated wind speeds.

Symptoms

The signs of wind damage are easy to see, broken tree branches, roofing shingles on the ground, broken windows and building materials torn from the houses. Sometimes when there's wind damage there is also some kind of water damage because the roof could sustain damage and begin to leak. The rain water could leak through the ceiling into the living area causing a water damage repair and in severe cases a flood damage. Also, there has been times during rain storms a lightning bolt strikes  a home causing a fire damage and a substantial amount of smoke damage. That's the time to call Safedry at 1866SAFEDRY (1-866-723-3379), we have partner companies that restore homes from any type of natural or manmade disaster.

Causes

The most common reasons for a wind damage are thunderstorms, tornadoes, and hurricanes. In the United States there are over 100,000 thunderstorms a year and 10,000 are severe. Also, in the United States this year there will be on the average, there are 1200 tornadoes a year. The number of tornadoes increased dramatically in the 1990s as the modernized National Weather Service installed the Doppler Radar network. The number of hurricanes a year in the U. S. is between 1 and 3 with the most being 6.

The terms "hurricane" and "typhoon" are regionally specific names for a strong"tropical cyclone".

tropical cyclone is the generic term for a non-frontal synoptic scale low-pressure system over tropical or sub-tropical waters with organized convection (i.e. thunderstorm activity) and definite cyclonic surface wind circulation(Holland 1993).

Tropical cyclones with maximum sustained surface winds of less than 17 m/s (34 kt, 39 mph) are usually called "tropical depressions" (This is not to be confused with the condition mid-latitude people get during a long, cold and grey winter wishing they could be closer to the equator ;-)). Once the tropical cyclone reaches winds of at least 17 m/s (34 kt, 39 mph) they are typically called a"tropical storm" or in Australia a Category 1 cyclone and are assigned a name. If winds reach 33 m/s (64 kt, 74 mph), then they are called:

  • "hurricane" (the North Atlantic Ocean, the Northeast Pacific Ocean east of the dateline, or the South Pacific Ocean east of 160E)
  • "typhoon" (the Northwest Pacific Ocean west of the dateline)
  • "severe tropical cyclone" or "Category 3 cyclone" and above (the Southwest Pacific Ocean west of 160°E or Southeast Indian Ocean east of 90°E)
  • "very severe cyclonic storm" (the North Indian Ocean)
  • "tropical cyclone" (the Southwest Indian Ocean)
(Neumann 1993).

Tornado Ratings

Tornadoes are among the most dangerous storms on Earth and, as meteorologists strive to protect vulnerable populations through early warning, it helps to classify storms by severity and potential damage. There are six levels on the scale.

F0

  • Wind Speed: 4072 mph (64116 kph)
  • Light damage: Tears branches from trees; rips shallow-rooted trees from the ground; could damage signposts, traffic signals and chimneys

F1

  • Wind Speed: 73 - 112 mph (117 - 180 kph)
  • Moderate damage: Roofing materials and vinyl siding can be displaced; mobile homes are highly vulnerable and can easily be knocked from the foundation or toppled; motorists can be sent careening off road and possibly flipped over

F2

  • Wind Speed: 113 - 157 mph (181 - 253 kph)
  • Considerable damage: Well-established trees are easily uprooted; mobile homes are decimated; entire roofs can be ripped off houses; train cars and trucking hauls are knocked over; small objects become dangerous missiles

F3

  • Wind Speed: 158 - 206 mph (254 - 332 kph)
  • Severe damage: Forests are destroyed as a majority of trees are ripped from the ground; entire trains are derailed and knocked over; walls and roofs are torn from houses

F4

  • Wind Speed: 207 - 260 mph (333 - 418 kph)
  • Devastating damage: Houses and other small structures can be razed entirely; automobiles are propelled through the air

F5

  • Wind Speed: 261 - 318 mph (419 - 512 kph)
  • Incredible damage: Cars become projectiles as they are hurled through the air; entire houses are completely destroyed after being ripped from the foundation and sent tumbling into the distance; steel-reinforced concrete structures can be seriously damaged [source: NOAA]
  • In February 2007, the Fujita Scale was replaced by the Enhanced Fujita Scale. The new "EF" scale is similar to its predecessor. It classifies tornadoes into six different categories (EF0 through EF5 instead of F0 through F5). Where the EF scale differs, however, is in the number of criteria used to assess a tornado's level of damage. First, there are damage indicators -- objects that can be damaged in the tornado. These are classified from 1 (small barns) to 28 (softwood trees). Each damage indicator can also experience varying degrees of damage (DODs). Each DOD corresponds to estimated wind speeds.

Procedure / Solutions

After you have sustained some kind of wind damage and you make a call to Safedry at 1-866-SAFEDRY (1-866-723-3379). We will dispatch a home restoration expert, they will assess the type of damage done to you home, if it's a wind damage like a broken window they will perform an emergency board up until the window could be replaced.

If there has been some roof damage, they might have to cover the roof with a tarp until they can locate the matching roofing shingles and make the repairs. If there happens to be some water damage from the roof damage they will correct that at the same time. If the wind damage causes a tree to fall into your house the Safedry team can handle that too. They have the equipment to handle any kind of debris removal.

Cost

The cost will be based on the amount of wind damage the house or business has sustained and what kind of work needs to be performed.  If the house has been involved in some kind of water damage or fire damage, that may have been caused by storm. Most times your home owners insurance will cover any wind damage, make sure your Safedry representative examines your policy. These representatives are trained to provide an accurate and competitive estimate, they constantly track current building material prices.

Tips / Prevention

The safest location is always a basement, below the deadly wind and projectile objects. If you can't go underground, find a small interior room or hallway on the lowest level of the building. Make learning quick and fun, and children will remember the basics of what to do, especially if you go through the motions several times. Just as most kids know what to do if their clothes are on fire, the same drill could be applied for tornado safety -- instead of "Stop, drop, and roll" try "Run, duck, and cover!"

Experts recommend that each person (and pet) has supplies for at least three days, including bottled water (two quarts per person, per day), nonperishable food, and a first-aid kit that includes prescription items as well as asperin and antacids. Make sure you have tools such as a can opener, utility knife, wrench (for turning power valves), whistle, battery-powered radio, several flashlights, and batteries. Each person will need blankets, clothing, rain gear, and heavy-soled shoes or boots. Lastly, stash away some cash and a copy of credit cards, passports, social security cards, phone numbers, and insurance information. Once a year, check your supplies and determine if family needs have changed.

For insurance purposes, videotape or photograph everything you would need to replace in case you lose it all. When you're sure that you've included everything, keep the inventory somewhere away from the premises, such as a safe-deposit box. If it's a siren, stay inside and take cover. Know where the designated shelters are in the buildings where you and your family spend time.

There's a big difference in the danger level between the two terms used during stormy weather. A watch simply means that conditions are favorable for a tornado to develop. Be alert, but you don't need to take shelter. If there's a warning, a tornado has been spotted. When a warning is posted for your area, take shelter immediately. At 320 miles per hour, shards of glass can be deadly.

You can eliminate this risk if you make sure your shelter area is free of windows. If this isn't possible, protect yourself with a heavy blanket. It's true that air pressure equalizes when there's an opening in the building, but the American Red Cross says that it's far more important to get to safety than to open windows. If there's flying debris, the windows will most likely break on their own!

Once you're in your shelter, find a sturdy piece of furniture, such as a workbench or table, and stay under it. Curl into a ball on the floor, and lock your hands behind your head to protect it from flying debris. If you can't find a table to get under, crouch under a door frame because the beams will offer some protection.

If you live in a mobile home, never try to ride out a severe thunderstorm at home; go to a prearranged shelter. As a last resort, go outside and lie flat on the ground using your hands and arms to protect your head. It might be hard to believe that you're safer outside, but since your mobile home isn't built into the ground, it can be picked up and turned into an airborne missile.

The first choice is always a basement or lower level. If that isn't an option, avoid wide-open spaces such as cafeterias or auditoriums there's just not enough physical support for you there. Look for an inside hallway, or a small closet or bathroom (with no windows). Never try to outrun a tornado.

Get out of your vehicle and try to get inside a building. If there isn't time, lie down flat in a ditch or any low-lying area away from the vehicle. (Hiding below an underpass isn't safe because you're still exposed to flying debris.) Use your hands and arms to protect your head. Finding a building is your best bet, but if there's no time, follow the same instructions in the next step.

Treat injuries with your first-aid kit, but don't attempt to move anyone who is severely injured. Use the phone only for emergencies, such as calling for an ambulance. Then, listen to the radio for emergency information. If the building you are in is damaged, beware of broken glass and downed power lines as you evacuate.

Check on neighbors who might need assistance, but otherwise stay out of the way so that emergency crews can do their work. Never strike a match until you're sure you haven't had a gas leak. Anything that holds gas can rupture and be vulnerable to explosions if you see (or smell) leakage after a storm. If you think there might be a gas leak, open all doors and get out of the house.

Also watch out for severed electrical wires, which can spark debris piles. Check appliances to see if they are emitting smoke or sparks.

Comments

Across the country, people trust the Safedry team members, they have worked in some of the largest disasters and helped a lot of people. These technicians have worked in many water damaged homes bringing folks lives back together. The experiences that they have faced, some terrible fire damaged homes that they've completely reconstructed, actually looking better than before.

 

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Last November 30 a powerful windstorm tore through a number of areas of the state, and some areas were hit exceptionally hard, including the Reds Meadow Valley of the Inyo National Forest, Wind Damage Storm Damage Areas Devils Postpile National Monument, and many of the trails leading into the surrounding Ansel Ada  read more..

Emergency Board Up

Plywood shutters that you create yourself, if placed correctly, could provide a high degree of Wind Damage Emergency Board Up coverage from flying debris during a storm. Plywood shutters could be placed on all kinds of houses. Measure every window and every door that has glass, and add 8 inches to all the height and w  read more..

Withstanding Wind And Lightning

Rooftop Attachment of Lightning Protection Systems in High-Wind Regions Hurricane Katrina Recovery AdvisoryFEMA May 2006, Revised July 2006 Purpose: To recommend practices for installing lightning protection systems (LPS) that will enhance Wind Damage Withstanding Wind And Lightning wind resistance in high-wind regions. Key Iss  read more..

Major Storm Preparations

Once a hurricane or major storm hits, it's too late to protect your home and property. But there are things you can do now to limit future wind damage. Some are fairly simple and inexpensive; others will require a contractor. You'll need to consider the characteristics of your home, Wind Damage Major Storm Preparations y  read more..

Protecting Your Home

Wind can tear the roofs from buildings, rip siding from exterior walls, and throw debris through windows. Falling trees can crush roofs and walls. Of course, hurricanes and Wind Damage Protecting Your Home tornadoes generate exceptionally destructive winds that can turn buildings into piles of rubble. But high winds   read more..