Document restoration >> How Do I Restore Old Documents And Pictures

Although it is neither necessary nor desirable to remove all dirt or discoloration from old papers, surface cleaning sometimes improves the appearance of an artifact. Surface cleaning can also remove substances that might eventually damage paper, How Do I Restore Old Documents And Pictures  r that could be transferred to other papers during handling. 

Manuscripts, maps, book pages, and other documents may benefit from surface How Do I Restore Old Documents And Pictures cleaning. Brittle newspapers, photographs, or fine art prints might be harmed by inexpert attempts to surface-clean them. Works of art in any media that are not firmly bound to paper, such as pastel, pencil, or charcoal, might be lifted or smeared by cleaning, and they usually cannot withstand How Do I Restore Old Documents And Pictures surface cleaning at all. 

Examination of How Do I Restore Old Documents And Pictures paints and thicker inks under magnification may reveal minute flaking not obvious to the naked eye, and artifacts with hand-applied coloring may be particularly vulnerable to optical changes or transfer of the color. 

Cleaning of all such delicate objects should be left to a professional How Do I Restore Old Documents And Pictures conservator. Dry removal of sticky deposits and surface accretions can be considered a kind of surface cleaning. Sticky tape adhesives damage paper and can create the physical hazard of bonding papers to adjacent papers and enclosures. 

Some old tapes fall away as they age and leave thick, hardened adhesive residues. These residues, although unsightly, are not an immediate hazard, and they can be addressed only by a professional conservator. In fact, tape removal itself is difficult and should be referred to a professional How Do I Restore Old Documents And Pictures conservator. 

Sometimes, however, tape adhesive absorbs How Do I Restore Old Documents And Pictures underlying text or image and the tapes cannot be removed at all. Insect excretions and rust deposits, such as those left by rusted paper clips, are not only disfiguring but also the source of ongoing damage to the paper. It is a good idea to remove these deposits when feasible. 

Closed books on the shelf normally present an effective barrier to the entry of air-borne dirt into the text, but if the pages are cockled, the How Do I Restore Old Documents And Pictures boards are lost, or a variety of other circumstances permit the entry of dirt, it will normally accumulate along the unbound edges of the pages. 

Coarser dirt may accumulate in the gutter (binding) edge of the pages. Both of these situations may call for surface cleaning. Moldy materials are obvious candidates for surface cleaning, which may be all that is possible or How Do I Restore Old Documents And Pictures necessary. 

Mold activity should first be stabilized by providing the How Do I Restore Old Documents And Pictures affected materials with a prolonged environment of low relative humidity, generally below 50 percent, so that the mold goes dormant. Mold removal is a delicate procedure and requires careful work hygiene to avoid spreading contamination as much as possible. 

Mold can also affect the health of How Do I Restore Old Documents And Pictures personnel, so protective equipment such as respirators, gloves, and fume hoods should be used when removing it. Therefore this work is probably best left to a professional conservator, or in the case of large quantities of moldy office or archival papers or nonrare books, brought to a commercial enterprise that offers disaster-recovery services. 

SUPPLIES AND EQUIPMENT 

Several erasing compounds on the market are primarily intended for use by graphic designers and How Do I Restore Old Documents And Pictures architects. They come in How Do I Restore Old Documents And Pictures containers of granules to be sprinkled on soiled drawings, or in cloth bags that leak small amounts of granules as they are rubbed across the surface of the paper. 

These granules are potentially damaging because they are abrasive and chemically unstable. In the past How Do I Restore Old Documents And Pictures conservators recommended that practitioners simply clean the paper thoroughly of these granules after using them, but microscopic examination of cleaned test papers has shown that considerable residue of the granules remains embedded in the fiber structure of the paper afterward. 

Conservators prefer to use granules produced by grinding up vinyl block erasers, available commercially from conservation suppliers. This cleaning agent is less abrasive and breaks down less during use, so it has less of a tendency to leave How Do I Restore Old Documents And Pictures residues behind. 

The erasers used to make these How Do I Restore Old Documents And Pictures compounds are also sold as blocks, such as the noncolored Eberhard-Faber Magic Rub Eraser and the Staedtler Mars Plastic Eraser. The blocks are sometimes useful for surface cleaning. More commonly used by conservators nowadays, however, are vulcanized rubber dry-cleaning sponges, which were intended originally for soot removal following a fire. 

The sort recommended for cleaning papers is not the How Do I Restore Old Documents And Pictures "chemical sponge" because conservators avoid sponges that contain solvents or cleaning agents. The preferred sponges do not leave damaging residues on paper and they are not abrasive. 

They degrade upon exposure to light and with age, so they should be stored in an air-tight container in the dark. Creped rubber adhesive pickups are useful for lifting residues of pressure-sensitive tape and other How Do I Restore Old Documents And Pictures sticky deposits. 

Scalpels with a How Do I Restore Old Documents And Pictures pointed tip are good for picking off insect specks, rust deposits, and other small surface accretions. For all dry-cleaning procedures a clean, soft brush is needed. Brushes intended for surface cleaning should not be used for wet work, and any brushes used on moldy materials should be labeled and kept separately, to avoid spreading mold to other How Do I Restore Old Documents And Pictures papers. 

HOW TO CLEAN 

Before attempting these procedures it would be wise to practice them on expendable objects to test your confidence and comfort level. If unsure of any of these techniques, do not experiment with them on objects of value. To start work, clear a large, clean, smooth work surface. On it place a large sheet of inexpensive, clean How Do I Restore Old Documents And Pictures paper that can be changed frequently. 

Begin How Do I Restore Old Documents And Pictures cleaning by gently brushing the surface of an object with a soft brush to remove loose dirt and dust. (If this raises dust particles, wear a dust mask!) Under no circumstances should you brush over powdery media such as pastels or charcoal, or over flaking paint or ink. Be careful to avoid enlarging tears by brushing in the direction of the tear. Brush both sides of the sheet. 

Every few strokes brush across a clean How Do I Restore Old Documents And Pictures fabric or blotting paper to dislodge dirt from the brush. Gently rub sticky tape adhesives with numerous extremely short strokes of the creped rubber pickup eraser. This can be time-consuming, but numerous gentle strokes eventually pick up the adhesive without damaging the paper, as fewer, more forceful applications might. The adhesive is picked off the eraser with the How Do I Restore Old Documents And Pictures fingers.

Wind Damage To Trees

Wind damage to trees AL FERRER SEMINOLE COUNTY URBAN HORTICULTURIST The impact of hurricanes on trees varies from simple defoliation to broken branches, split branch crotches and trunks, leaning or falling trees. While no tree can be guaranteed to stand up to hurricane-force winds, there are some tr  read more..

How To Get Rid Of Asbestos Material In California

This information will help you understand asbestos: what it is, its health effects, where it is in your home, and what to do about it. Even if asbestos is in your home, this is usually NOT a serious problem. The mere presence of asbestos in a home or a building is not hazardous. The danger is that a  read more..

Hoarders Buried Alive

hoarders By: Veronica Rose, Chief Analyst You asked for (1) a statutory definition of hoarders (other than animal hoarders ), (2) information on responses to hoarders in other states, and (3) any related Hoarding Hoarders Buried Alive information to help a group establishing a hoarders task force. 
<  read more..

How To Keep Moisture Out Of Your Basement

TIPS FOR DRYING OUT A WATER-DAMAGED BUILDING F. Mitchener Wilds, Senior Restoration Specialist
 Once a building has been exposed to a large volume of water, either floodwater or rainwater, steps must be taken to dry the building out, assess damage, and Basement Drying How To Keep Moisture Out Of Your Basement plan for repairs a  read more..

Smoke Damage Cleanup Tips

This report presents a review of smoke production measurement, prediction of smoke impact as part of computer-based fire modeling, and measurement and prediction of the impact of smoke through deposition of soot on and  Smoke Damage Smoke Damage Cleanup Tips corrosion of electrical equipment. 

  read more..

First Steps During A Sewage Back up Into Your Home

First Steps During a Sewage Back-up Into Your Home. Call DPW Customer Service (864-7428) to report the back up. Your call will be logged in our tracking system. The City will dispatch crews to check the public sewer line. Although the City is not usually responsible for the back-up into private prop  read more..

How To Stop A Basement Water Leak Waterproofing

The hydrologic cycle is the continuous circulation of water from land and sea to the atmosphere and back again : water evaporates from oceans, lakes, and rivers into the atmosphere. This water later precipitates as rain or snow onto the land where it evaporates or runs off into streams and rive  read more..

Silicone Outgasses

Silicone outgasses and is a concern even in a cable configuration where the outer jacket can protect the system from small amounts of enclosed outgassing material. Current product typically contains relatively large quantities of silicone. The Gore-Tex® construction has not yet been Electronic Restoration Silicone Outgasses ev  read more..

How To Restore Flood Soaked Books

Microfilming and other types of photo duplication are a cost-effective alternative for preserving information when extensive treatment of the original is not practical. Copying also has advantages when combined with treatment; by eliminating the need to handle fragile materials, copying makes minima  read more..

How To Clean Soot Off Furniture

Tests of CO2 with or without smoke had no effect on the functionality of the circuits, but did drastically reduce the temperature of the environment. Overall, SNL concluded that important failure mechanisms included both long-term corrosion and short-term current leakage or circuit bridging, particu  read more..