Document restoration >> How To Care For Antique Paper

Prepare a work surface by covering a sheet of clean blotting paper with a sheet of nonwoven polyester such as Reemay or Hollytex to prevent the documents being repaired from sticking to the paper because of stray or How To Care For Antique Paper extruded paste. 

Begin by mending the largest tears in a document first. Align the tear with the correct under- and overlaps, How To Care For Antique Paper as tears typically occur not with the sharp edge that a cut produces, but rather with beveled surfaces that may alternate between the front and the back of a sheet of paper. 

If any of the How To Care For Antique Paper overlaps are sizable, they should be pasted, adhered, and dried as described below before applying the mending strip. Applying the Mending Strip Using pieces of an absorbent paper such as blotting paper as a substrate for pasting the mending strip, apply starch paste or methyl cellulose to a strip of Japanese paper with a flat brush similar in width to the How To Care For Antique Paper mending strip. 

The blotting How To Care For Antique Paper paper will draw out excess moisture that could cockle or stain the document. Then lift the strip with a tool such as tweezers or a needle and place it over the reverse of the tear with the pasted side against the document. 

If a document has text on both sides, place the mend on either the side where it will not cover text or the secondary side, if text cannot be How To Care For Antique Paper avoided on both sides. Breaks in papers tend to pull apart when wet with paste. For this reason it is easiest to use strips not more than three or four inches long. 

For longer tears, several short strips may be applied and dried one at a time, placed end to end. Start with the termination of the tear; this usually means the edge of the sheet is mended last. It takes practice to manipulate the thin, wet repair How To Care For Antique Paper strips. 

Once the How To Care For Antique Paper mending strip is in place, brush it into contact using a dry flat artist's brush then lay a sheet of nonwoven polyester (Reemay, Hollytex) over the repair. Drying the Mended Sheet Weight the repair while it dries. 

Weighting ensures good adhesion and prevents cockling of the paper. Repairs may be weighted as follows. First place small pieces of nonwoven polyester How To Care For Antique Paper (Reemay, Hollytex) over the area to be dried. Then place a square of blotting paper, followed by a piece of glass or Plexiglas on top of the blotter. 

Finally, place a weight on top of the glass. Small bags of lead shot, pieces of lead covered with cloth, or any other small, dense object may be used as a weight. One-pound fishing weights from sporting goods stores make excellent weights, provided they have at least one flat side to prevent How To Care For Antique Paper rolling. 

The blotting How To Care For Antique Paper paper square may be changed in a few minutes, but the repair should be weighted for one hour or longer. A photographer's tacking iron, set at low heat, can be used to speed up the drying process. 

The tacking iron should never be applied directly to the document; place a piece of nonwoven polyester between the iron and the document. Pay close attention to the How To Care For Antique Paper tacking iron; these tools can achieve temperatures high enough to melt polyester and scorch paper, and the temperature of one that is failing may spike just before it burns out. 

Moving the iron with an "ironing" motion does not dry a mend faster. Instead, shift the location of the document from place to place on the blotter substrate every 10–20 seconds to hasten drying. After using the tacking iron, weight the mended area for a few minutes while it cools to How To Care For Antique Paper lessen cockling. 

HAZARDS When tears are How To Care For Antique Paper overly complex or when they cross through image areas in works of art or text areas on documents, it may be wiser to leave this work for professional conservators experienced in carrying out more challenging work. 

Some hazards to avoid include fragile art or writing media that may be disturbed by the manipulation or the moisture required for tear repair, or staining, breaking, or creasing of papers that are fragile, How To Care For Antique Paper degraded, or overly sensitive to moisture. 

Some old tears cannot be restored to their original shape, as over time sheets can change their shape to conform to the altered tensions produced by tears. Repair is usually not indicated for parchment, which is not paper but made of animal skin. Parchment should not be confused with How To Care For Antique Paper "parchment" paper. 

It always resists bringing old tears into alignment, as it is a How To Care For Antique Paper stronger material that changes its shape due to the way its internal structure responds to environmental conditions, especially fluctuating relative humidity. Heat should never be used on parchment, as this will cause permanent damage. 

For archival documents, the need to repair tears can sometimes be eliminated by simply placing the papers in archival-quality Melinex or How To Care For Antique Paper paper folders. When matting paper artifacts, using the right materials is essential. 

Paperboards for mounting must be chemically stable with good aging properties. These are the so-called archival-quality, or acid-free, boards sold by conservation suppliers. They are free of lignin and are pH neutral or, more often, slightly alkaline. It is also important to choose the methods and materials for attaching the artifact to the mount are also How To Care For Antique Paper important. 

The traditional method is to hinge the object with How To Care For Antique Paper Japanese paper and a starch paste. More recently, corner supports or edge strips have come into favor since these can be used without applying adhesives to the object. 

WINDOW MATS 

A window mat is the customary mount for a work of art or valuable artifact on paper. A mat is composed of a top sheet with a window and a backboard (see Figure 1). The two boards are held together with a strip of cloth tape along one edge, usually the top. 

The window permits the object to be seen while the mat protects it from handling and isolates it from surrounding How To Care For Antique Paper materials. In the past, museum-quality mats for works of art were expected to be made of rag fibers, that is, cotton or linen. 

Today ragboard is still favored by museums, but some lignin-free, wood-derived boards are now accepted by the preservation community. Mat boards of either type are usually buffered with an alkaline material to neutralize any acids they may absorb as they age. It is important to confirm the quality of the board with the supplier and by reading descriptive material provided by the How To Care For Antique Paper manufacturer.

How To Remove Hurricane Damage Debris

More advanced tracking tools have been developed and used in the field to reduce human error and expedite funding. These computer-based systems often include the same information as a traditional load ticket. Each monitor is responsible for populating specific areas of the load ticket. The following  read more..

Roof Damage Insurance Claim In North Carolina

The primary key to good shingle performance is the use of self-seal adhesive, coupled with correct application of fasteners (Smith, 1994). With an adequate number of fasteners, the pull-through resistance of the shingle will determine whether the loss of adhesive seal leads to the shingle being lost  read more..

Animals Gnawing On The House

It seems like there isn't any part of your house that animals won't chew on, seems that they like siding and they’ll chew on the lead vent stack covers. So how can we keep this chewing and other forms of animal damage from happening. Squirrels for example must gnaw and must gnaw a lot to  read more..

Structural Drying

There are lots of reasons that water may get into your electronic components, causing damage. If the component is powered up at the time the water is introduced to the electronic component, it may not be repairable. This is something that needs to be determined by a professional Electronic Restoration Structural Drying technici  read more..

Carpet Water Damage

Can I save my Christmas or other holiday decorations?It depends on how quickly you can dry them out and how easy they are to clean. For example,tinsel and Water Extraction Carpet Water Damage paper items that were flooded should probably be discarded. Flood damaged electriclights should be discarded unless they were kept  read more..

Finger Print Dust Cleanup And Hazard Cleanup

Testimony from other lifeguards pointed out other conditions that injure swimmers or other beach patrons and require the assistance of the lifeguard, thereby resulting in occupational exposure to the lifeguard. Patrons suffer lacerations from rocks, shells, broken glass, fish hooks, Crime Scene Cleanup Finger Print Dust Cleanup And Hazard Cleanup o  read more..

Colorado Floods Causing Debris Removal

2013 Floods – Guidance: Landfill Management of Flood Debris Air Pollution Control Division / Stationary Sources Program The Department will exercise enforcement discretion for landfills which exceed their permitted waste acceptance limit as a result of flood debris disposal. Flood Damage Colorado Floods Causing Debris Removal

Thi  read more..

Flooded Areas With Lead based Paint Tennessee

(ATLANTA – May 26, 2010) – Due to recent flooding in western and central Tennessee, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in Region 4 wants to ensure that families are not at increased risk for lead poisoning, because of clean up and/or Flood Damage Flooded Areas With Lead based Paint Tennessee repair work. 

  read more..

Sewage Cleanup

Occasionally there are homeowners that complain about Odor Control Sewage Cleanup from their onsite sewage backup. Although many people understand that sewage cleanup has a particular odor, there are steps that can be taken to limit these sewer odors in the home and yard. Gases from an onsite cleanup could be a pro  read more..

How To Remove Asbestos Flooring

Asbestos has been located in the home, there are two options: hire a professional abatement team, or remove the asbestos yourself. Although removing the asbestos without a specialized Asbestos Abatement How To Remove Asbestos Flooring company often brings further complications and is costly, some  homeowners feel as tho  read more..