Document restoration >> How To Restore Smoke Damaged Pictures

Outside Surveyor/Disadvantages

1. An outside surveyor does not know the history or institutional framework in which situations exist. A consultant is unfamiliar with institutional traditions and idiosyncrasies and, as a result, may make recommendations that are unrealistic or How To Restore Smoke Damaged Pictures out of scope for a particular institution.

2. Hiring an outside How To Restore Smoke Damaged Pictures consultant requires an outlay of money for consulting fees. This money may not be available. This makes the surveyor seem more expensive even though in reality an in-house survey may cost as much, or even more, in staff time.

In-House Staff/Advantages

1. An in-house surveyor knows an institution's values and functions and understands the institutional framework and background of existing situations. For this reason a staff member may be able to make more realistic recommendations than can an outside How To Restore Smoke Damaged Pictures person. 

2. An in-house How To Restore Smoke Damaged Pictures surveyor tends to know where all the collections are housed, the peculiarities of the storage spaces, and how the facilities work. This enables the surveyor to work faster, and to make more appropriate recommendations.

3. An in-house surveyor may be more thorough, if there are no limitations on the staff member's time, compared to the outside How To Restore Smoke Damaged Pictures consultant whose time is limited.

4. Using in-house staff avoids an additional cash expense; an outlay of money is not required. This makes the survey seem less expensive, although it may actually cost more in staff time.

In-House Staff/Disadvantages

1. In-house staff come with their own prejudices and agendas, which may cloud their interpretation of situations and influence their recommendations.

2. It is harder for an in-house person to be an How To Restore Smoke Damaged Pictures instrument of change than it is for an outsider. In-house staff may be reluctant to How To Restore Smoke Damaged Pictures recommend certain changes because of the negative impact this may have on themselves or others. Also, they may be reluctant to recommend a change because they assume, based on previous experience, that changes will not be made.

3. In-house staff may take longer than an outside consultant to conduct a survey and produce a report, because they must carry out their regular How To Restore Smoke Damaged Pictures job responsibilities while doing the survey.

4. An in-house person may be viewed by the administration and other staff as not having the same level of expertise and knowledge as an outside consultant, even if this is not true. A staff member may not have as much credibility. Most institutions have many preservation needs that require a variety of actions to meet. Resources in an institution are always limited and every How To Restore Smoke Damaged Pictures action cannot be accomplished. 

It is crucial to determine which How To Restore Smoke Damaged Pictures actions are the most important so that those receive consideration first. Prioritizing is the process of deciding which actions will have the most significant impact, which are the most important, and which are the most feasible.

Systems of risk assessment and management are being developed.These offer a highly pragmatic approach as is required by the large and diverse natural history How To Restore Smoke Damaged Pictures collections for which they were first developed.

These are geared toward setting collections care priorities and, when coupled with the complementary systems of collection profiles and categories of specimens, show promise for prioritizing actions.Training in this methodology is available from the Canadian Museum of Nature in the form of interactive one- and two-day workshops for institutions, groups of institutions, and How To Restore Smoke Damaged Pictures organizations. 

Presently the easiest way for How To Restore Smoke Damaged Pictures staff of most institutions, especially smaller ones, to prioritize preservation actions is by carefully considering specific criteria, weighing appropriate collections-related factors, and making informed value judgments before reaching a decision.


It is helpful to consider three criteria when prioritizing preservation actions. The first is impact, the extent to which an action will improve the preservation of the institution's collections.

In her manual on How To Restore Smoke Damaged Pictures preservation planning for libraries, Pamela Darling describes high impact actions as…those that will result in dramatic improvement in the present condition of materials, substantial decrease in the rate of deterioration, substantial increase in efficiency of current preservation activities, or considerable savings of time, energy or money.

To evaluate How To Restore Smoke Damaged Pictures impact, consider the following questions. 

To what How To Restore Smoke Damaged Pictures extent will implementing a specific action improve preservation of the collections? How great is the immediate impact and what is the potential impact of implementing this action? The greater the impact of an action, the higher its priority.

The feasibility of implementing an action should also be considered. Actions vary in the How To Restore Smoke Damaged Pictures amount of time and resources required to implement them. Some are easy to implement, while others are impossible.

Factors to look at include staffing levels and expertise (availability of technical and management capability), financial implications (capital outlays, expenditures for materials and services, ongoing operating costs, fundraising potential), and policy and procedural changes (if these are required and who can make them). The political feasibility of various actions must also be How To Restore Smoke Damaged Pictures realistically evaluated. 

If it is not likely that you can implement an How To Restore Smoke Damaged Pictures action, it may be given a low priority even if its impact is high. Another criterion to consider is urgency of an action. Darling explains that an action can be regarded as urgent if waiting to implement it would cause further problems or would mean bypassing an opportunity. All other How To Restore Smoke Damaged Pictures factors being equal, those actions requiring immediate implementation would be given highest priority.


The use, storage, condition, and value of the materials in the collections are influential in prioritizing actions and are important to consider. The amount and type of use items receive is significant. Items on permanent exhibition have different needs from those in storage. Items that are used frequently for research purposes have different How To Restore Smoke Damaged Pictures needs from those that are consulted only infrequently. 

Items that are used heavily or in a damaging way are at higher risk and in more urgent need of attention. Housing of How To Restore Smoke Damaged Pictures collections is important. Materials that are stored under poor environmental conditions or in harmful containers, or are susceptible to theft, vandalism, fire, or other disasters, also are at higher risk.

Those problems are particularly threatening to materials in poor or fragile condition, making the risk factor even greater for those vulnerable items. Actions that would mitigate those risks may be a high priority for implementation. Yet another How To Restore Smoke Damaged Picturesfactor to consider is the value of the materials.

The nature of the value of items (monetary, intrinsic, associational, bibliographic), their rarity, their provenance, and their significance to the institution need to be considered. For how long materials need to be preserved and in what form they need to be preserved are additional important How To Restore Smoke Damaged Pictures considerations.

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