Document restoration >> How To Restore Vintage Paper

Proper Care and Handling of Books Taking care when handling any collection item, especially functional items like books with flexing parts, is one of the more effective, cost-efficient, How To Restore Vintage Paper and easily achieved preservation measures.

Take proper care when handling books by: Having clean hands and a clean area to use the book Keeping food and drink away Removing the How To Restore Vintage Paper book from the shelf by gripping on both sides of the spine at the middle of the book (push in the neighboring book on both sides to get a good grip), instead of tugging at the top of the spine.

Not forcing a book to lie open to 180 degrees; instead, prop up the covers of an opened book to decrease the opening angle Not using paper clips, "dog ear" folding, or acidic inserts to How To Restore Vintage Paper bookmark pages. 

Not using How To Restore Vintage Paper rubber bands, self-adhesive tape, any kind of "leather dressing," and/or glue on books Proper Storage of Books Good storage significantly prolongs the life and usability of books and includes: A cool (room temperature or below), relatively dry (about 35% relative humidity), clean, and stable environment (avoid attics, basements, and other locations with high risk of leaks and environmental extremes).

Minimal exposure to all kinds of light; no exposure to How To Restore Vintage Paper direct or intense light Distance from radiators and vents Regular dusting and housekeeping Shelving books of similar size together, so that the face of the covers are maximally supported by the neighbors on each side Keeping upright shelved books straight and not leaning (storing books lying flat is also good) Dealing with Condition Problems Beyond the measures outlined above, there are two main options for books with condition How To Restore Vintage Paper problems: 

1. Protect the How To Restore Vintage Paper book further with a box or other enclosure*

2. Conservation treatment by a book conservator

The Northeast Document Conservation Center has put together very useful technical leaflets on storage enclosures for books and papers as well as a list for Conservation/Preservation Supplies and Equipment How To Restore Vintage Paper — Archival Supplies.

The national professional association for conservators, the American Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works (AIC), maintains an online directory for finding a conservator by specialty and geographic location and How To Restore Vintage Paper provides information on how to choose a conservator.

In addition, AIC also offers guidelines for the care of collections beyond library materials. Additional Information on Dressings for Leather-Bound Books Use of leather dressings is no longer considered a best practice in the How To Restore Vintage Paper conservation of leather-bound books. 

The general How To Restore Vintage Paper advice above still represents the options (boxing or consulting a conservator) for dealing with the various condition problems that may arise with deteriorating leather, including red rot, stiffness, and dessication.

Selected Bibliography

The How To Restore Vintage Paper preservation guidelines described here have been used by the Library of Congress in the care of its collections and are considered suitable by the Library as described; however, the Library will not be responsible for damage to your collection should damage result from the use of these procedures.

Pick off accretions such as insect specks and rust deposits with a scalpel tip, and keep a brush at hand to remove dislodged materials. Do not overdo this work; it is better to leave accretions alone when more aggressive efforts to remove them may inadvertently make a hole in the How To Restore Vintage Paper paper. 

For the same reason it is best to avoid inclusions embedded in the paper. These are specks of How To Restore Vintage Paper metal that were in the paper when the sheet was formed, and that became visible as they oxidized over time Next, local deposits of grime may be reduced by gentle rubbing with a vinyl block eraser. (Block erasers are not appropriate for cleaning larger expanses of paper.)

Rub in short, meandering strokes to avoid setting up a pattern of erasing marks, and check periodically with a close sideways How To Restore Vintage Paper examination across the surface to make sure the paper is not being abraded. Never rub over media, whether printed or drawn, and do not persist if no improvement is made.

Unfortunately, surface cleaning does not remove aged finger marks in most cases. Grated/granulated vinyl erasers are effective for overall cleaning of papers, and can be used on most How To Restore Vintage Paper printed surfaces. 

Pour a small amount of the How To Restore Vintage Paper granules on a small spot in as obscure an area as possible, and gently roll the granules in a circular motion with the fingertips. If this is effective the granules will rapidly become dirty. Satisfy yourself that the granules are lifting nothing but dirt, then carefully brush them away.

After determining that this cleaning will make a worthwhile How To Restore Vintage Paper improvement, proceed with the rest of the surface. Remember, however, that cleaning that is effective in only one area is counterproductive if it leaves the remainder of an object looking dirtier in contrast. A bit more thorough cleaning can be achieved with a vulcanized rubber sponge.

This tool is gentle, provided the practitioner is careful, but it is still not normally recommended for use on design areas. Conveniently, the margins of an object often permit more thorough cleaning, and here successful cleaning usually has the greatest How To Restore Vintage Paper visual impact. 

Sponges can also be used on the How To Restore Vintage Paper reverse to reduce dirt that might otherwise be transferred during handling, but take care to avoid notations on the reverse that might have historic significance. Again, rub gently and in random directions if there is any sign of setting up a How To Restore Vintage Paper pattern on the surface of the paper.

Soiled sponge surfaces can be cut away to expose clean surfaces and prolong the usefulness of the sponge. Do not use any moisture with these sponges. Finish by brushing the paper with the soft brush to remove any crumbs from the sponge. Granules should not be used in books, as they are sure to become trapped in the gutter despite the best How To Restore Vintage Paper efforts to brush them away afterward. 

The soft brush is the best tool for removing accumulated How To Restore Vintage Paper gutter detritus, and vulcanized rubber sponges serve best for removing grime along the other edges. When leafing through an old book, whether to surface-clean or just to check for the need to surface-clean, be sure to support the book on an appropriate cradle or foam book wedges to avoid unduly stressing the binding. For further How To Restore Vintage Paperinformation on cleaning books, consult the NEDCC Preservation Leaflet.

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