Wind Damage >> Protecting Against Wind Damage

Protecting Against Wind Damage Protecting Your Home or Small Business From Disasters 3-8 Protecting Windows Installing storm shutters is one of the best ways to protect your home or Protecting Against Wind Damage place of business from hurricane damage. Purchase or make storm shutters for all exposed windows, glass surfaces, French doors, sliding glass doors, and skylights. 

There are many types of manufactured shutters made out of wood, steel, or aluminum. You can also make storm shutters with 5/8-inch thick exterior-grade plywood. Plywood shutters that you make yourself, Protecting Against Wind Damage if installed properly, can offer a high level of protection from flying debris during a hurricane. 

Plywood shutters can be installed on all types of buildings. Before installing shutters, Protecting Against Wind Damage check with your local building official to find out if a building permit is required. It is important that you have your shutters ready now, and that you mark and store them so they can be easily installed during a hurricane watch. 

A tornado is a violent windstorm characterized by a twisting, funnel-shaped cloud. Tornadoes have been recorded in all 50 states, Protecting Against Wind Damage though they form most typically in a broad area of the American Midwest and South. The below map, "Tornado Risk Areas in the Continental United States," shows the relative risk of tornadoes. Safe Rooms 

When severe weather threatens, individuals and families community-wide need advance warning and protection from the dangerous forces of extreme winds. You may want to consider a safe room to protect you and Protecting Against Wind Damage your family from the high winds. Figure 10. Possible Safe Room Locations 

The purpose of a safe room or a wind shelter is to provide a space to seek refuge that provides a high level of protection. You can build a safe room in one of several places in your home or Protecting Against Wind Damage place of business: The basement. Atop a concrete slab-on-grade foundation or garage floor. An interior room on the first floor. 

Safe rooms built below ground level provide the greatest protection, but a safe room built in a first-floor interior room also can provide the necessary protection. Below-ground safe rooms must be designed to avoid Protecting Against Wind Damage accumulating water during the heavy rains that often accompany severe windstorms. 

To protect its occupants, a safe room must be built to withstand high winds and flying debris, even if the rest of the building is severely damaged or Protecting Against Wind Damage destroyed. Consider the following when building a safe room: The safe room must be adequately anchored to resist overturning and uplift.  

The walls, ceiling, and door of the shelter must withstand wind pressure and Protecting Against Wind Damage resist penetration by windborne objects and falling debris. The connections between all parts of the safe room must be strong enough to resist the wind. 

Sections of either interior or exterior building walls that are used as walls of the safe room must be separated from the structure of the building Protecting Against Wind Damage so that damage to the building will not cause damage to the safe room. Protecting Your Place of Business When a place of business is damaged, the business owner faces the cost to repair or replace the building(s). 

In addition, the business can suffer loss of inventory, business interruption, Protecting Against Wind Damage and loss of wages for employees. Structural measures recommended to protect your place of business from wind damage are: Use threaded fasteners to attach metal roof decking. Welds are often unable to carry uplift loads.  

In tornado-prone areas, use enhanced wind design for roof coverings on essential buildings. Use adequate ties to foundations and roofs when reinforcing concrete and Protecting Against Wind Damage partially reinforced masonry. Make ties between concrete and other materials with drilled-in fasteners or cast-in-place fasteners.  

Engineer and construct masonry walls to support the specific architecture of the building (i.e., exterior wall panels, parapets, and Protecting Against Wind Damage decorative finishes). Diaphragm action to resist wind-generated shear forces must be maintained and reinforcement must be properly placed in concrete and masonry walls to reduce the possibility of collapse during high wind storms.  

Use anchors in precast concrete buildings to prevent the uplift of hollow core planks and other precast elements during high winds. Avoid the use of Protecting Against Wind Damage powder-driven anchors to attach bottom plates of walls to concrete unless the anchors are very closely spaced to resist pull-out. Minimize the creation of windborne debris by appropriately designing, manufacturing, and installing architectural features. 

To read more about Success Stories, go to New Success Story Site. Moore, Oklahoma Don Staley and his family are no strangers to storms and tornadoes. Their first home was hit by a tornado in October 1998 and Protecting Against Wind Damage suffered minor damage but was destroyed by another tornado on May 3, 1999. 

They rode out both storms inside the house. "It was such a frightening sound," he said. "We decided we weren't going to ride out another one inside the house." In December 2000, the Staley’s new home was ready. Shortly after moving in, Protecting Against Wind Damage they had an above-ground safe room constructed on the back patio. 

The concrete room has 8-inch thick walls, an 18-inch thick ceiling, a 10-inch foundation, and Protecting Against Wind Damage a sliding entry door made of 12-gauge steel with three-quarter inch plywood on each side. The safe room is equipped with battery-powered lights and a battery powered television. 

When the warning sirens sounded on May 8, 2003, Don took shelter in the safe room along with his dog and Protecting Against Wind Damage two cats to ride out the storm feeling very protected and safe. "I was watching it on TV in there," he recalled. "I could see it was coming my way and I could hear it coming. I could hear the roar. That's a sound you never forget." 

When he emerged from the shelter, he found his house in shambles with the roof ripped off. Other houses on the street were also heavily damaged or Protecting Against Wind Damage destroyed. The Staleys used their safe room following the tornado to store and protect belongings they had salvaged. The Staley’s home was among the more than 300 homes destroyed in the city that day. 

Whereas a severe tornado that hit the city in May of 1999 claimed 44 lives, there were no deaths in the 2003 tornado. The absence of fatalities is being attributed to community preparedness, Protecting Against Wind Damage improved early warning systems, and the many safe rooms and shelters that have been built. Staley sums it all up, "The safe room saved my life, it came through with flying colors. It's worth a million bucks to me."

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