Mold Remediation >> Black Mold Health Risks

Wet vacuums are vacuum cleaners designed to collect water. They can be used to remove water from floors, carpets, and hard surfaces where water has accumulated. They should not be used to vacuum porous materials, such as gypsum board. Wet vacuums should be used only on wet materials, Black Mold Health Risks as spores may be exhausted into the indoor environment if insufficient liquid is present. 

The tanks, hoses, and attachments of these vacuums should be thoroughly cleaned and dried after use since mold and mold spores may adhere to equipment surfaces. Damp Wipe Mold can generally be removed from nonporous surfaces by wiping Black Mold Health Risks or scrubbing with water and detergent. It is important to dry these surfaces quickly and thoroughly to discourage further mold growth. 

Instructions for cleaning surfaces, as listed on product labels, Black Mold Health Risks should always be read and followed. HEPA Vacuum HEPA (High-Efficiency Particulate Air) vacuums are recommended for final cleanup of remediation areas after materials have been thoroughly dried and contaminated materials removed. HEPA vacuums also are recommended for cleanup of dust that may have settled on surfaces outside the remediation area. 

Care must be taken to assure that the filter is properly seated in the vacuum so that all the air passes through the filter. When changing the vacuum filter, remediators should wear respirators, Black Mold Health Risks appropriate personal protective clothing, gloves, and eye protection to prevent exposure to any captured mold and other contaminants. 

The filter and contents of the HEPA vacuum must be disposed of in impermeable bags or containers in such a way as to prevent release of the debris. Disposal of Damaged Materials Building materials Black Mold Health Risks and furnishings contaminated with mold growth that are not salvageable should be placed in sealed impermeable bags or closed containers while in the remediation area. 

These materials can usually be discarded as ordinary construction waste. It is important to package mold-contaminated materials in this fashion to minimize the dispersion of mold spores. Large items with heavy mold growth should be covered with polyethylene sheeting Black Mold Health Risks and sealed with duct tape before being removed from the remediation area. 

Some jobs may require the use of dust-tight chutes to move large quantities of debris to a dumpster strategically placed outside a window in the remediation area. Use of Biocides The use of a biocide, Black Mold Health Risks such as chlorine bleach, is not recommended as a routine practice during mold remediation, although there may be instances where professional judgment may indicate its use (for example, when immuno-compromised individuals are present). 

In most cases, it is not possible or desirable to sterilize an area, as a background level of mold spores comparable to the level in outside air will persist. However, Black Mold Health Risks the spores in the ambient air will not cause further problems if the moisture level in the building has been corrected. Biocides are toxic to animals and humans, as well as to mold. 

If you choose to use disinfectants or biocides, always ventilate the area, using outside air if possible, Black Mold Health Risks and exhaust the air to the outdoors. When using fans, take care not to extend the zone of contamination by distributing mold spores to a previously unaffected area.Never mix chlorine bleach solution with other cleaning solutions or detergents that contain ammonia because this may produce highly toxic vapors and create a hazard to workers. 

Some biocides are considered pesticides, Black Mold Health Risks and some states require that only registered pesticide applicators apply these products in schools, commercial buildings, and homes. Make sure anyone applying a biocide is properly licensed where required. Fungicides are commonly applied to outdoor plants, soil, and grains as a powder or spray. 

Examples of fungicides include hexachlorobenzene, organomercurials, pentachlorophenol, phthalimides, and dithiocarbamates. Do not use fungicides developed for outdoor use in any indoor application, Black Mold Health Risks as they can be extremely toxic to animals and humans in an enclosed environment. When you use biocides as a disinfectant or a pesticide, or as a fungicide, you should use appropriate PPE, including respirators. 

Always, read and follow product label precautions. It is a violation of Federal (EPA) law to use a biocide in any manner inconsistent with its label direction. Mold Remediation Guidelines This section presents remediation guidelines for building materials that have Black Mold Health Risks or are likely to have mold growth. The guidelines are designed to protect the health of cleanup personnel and other workers during remediation. 

These guidelines are based on the size of the area impacted by mold contamination. Please note that these are guidelines; some professionals may prefer other remediation methods, Black Mold Health Risks and certain circumstances may require different approaches or variations on the approaches described below. If possible, remediation activities should be scheduled during off-hours when building occupants are less likely to be affected. 

Although the level of personal protection suggested in these guidelines is based on the total surface area contaminated and the potential for remediator or occupant exposure, Black Mold Health Risks professional judgment always should play a part in remediation decisions. 

These remediation guidelines are based on the size of the affected area to make it easier for remediators to select appropriate techniques, Black Mold Health Risks not on the basis of research showing there is a specific method appropriate at a certain number of square feet. The guidelines have been designed to help construct a remediation plan. 

The remediation manager should rely on professional judgment and Black Mold Health Risks experience to adapt the guidelines to particular situations. When in doubt, caution is advised. Consult an experienced mold remediator for more information. Remediation can be conducted by the regular building maintenance staff as long as they are trained on proper clean-up methods, personal protection, and potential health hazards. 

This training can be performed as part of a Black Mold Health Risks program to comply with the requirements of the OSHA Hazard Communication Standard (29 CFR 1910.1200). Respiratory protection (e.g., N-95 disposable respirator) is recommended. Respirators must be used in accordance with the OSHA respiratory protection standard (29 CFR 1910.134). 

Gloves and eye protection should be worn. The work area should be unoccupied. Removing people from spaces adjacent to the work area is not necessary, but is recommended for infants (less than 12 months old), persons recovering from recent surgery, Black Mold Health Risks immune-suppressed people, or people with chronic inflammatory lung diseases (e.g., asthma, hypersensitivity pneumonitis, and severe allergies). 

Containment of the work area is not necessary. Dust suppression methods, such as misting (not soaking) surfaces prior to remediation, Black Mold Health Risks are recommended. Contaminated materials that cannot be cleaned should be removed from the building in a sealed impermeable plastic bag. 

These materials may be disposed of as ordinary waste. The work area and areas used by remediation workers for egress should be cleaned with a damp cloth or mop Black Mold Health Risks and a detergent solution. All areas should be left dry and visibly free from contamination and debris.

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