Radon Mitigation >> Sick Building Syndrome

Psychological factors Excessive work stress or dissatisfaction, poor interpersonal relationships and poor communication are often seen to be associated with SBS. Poor and inappropriate lighting with absence of sunlight, bad acoustics, poor ergonomics Sick Building Syndrome and humidity may also contribute to SBS. 

The symptoms of SBS are commonly seen in people with clerical jobs than in people with managerial jobs because professionals or managers have better working conditions. The symptoms are more common in females than in males probably because more females are in secretarial jobs, Sick Building Syndrome they are more aware of their health or a lesser dose of pollutants is required to manifest the effects. 

The symptoms are more common in air-conditioned sick building syndromes than in naturally ventilated sick building syndromes and Sick Building Syndrome are more common in a public sector sick building syndrome than in a private sector sick building syndrome [Table 1].[8] Table 1 Types of problems found in 203 indoor air quality investigations carried out by National Institute for Occupational Safety and Hygiene 

Go to: INVESTIGATIONS Evaluating the IAQ and identifying the contaminant by air sampling. Establishing a cause and effect relationship between symptoms and Sick Building Syndrome IAQ. Identifying the cause of the complaints so that appropriate corrective measures can be initiated. Conducting a ‘walk-through’ inspection of the problems areas and collecting information on the following: 4.1. the Occupants, 4.2. 

HVAC Systems for pollution pathways Sick Building Syndrome and 4.3. Possible contamination sources.[10] The occupational health and safety resource centre at Canada's University of Western Ontario has devised a routine five-point survey for occupational hygienists to follow when investigating air quality complaints (Ruhemann 1985). 

Features include: a walk-through inspection to look for sources of contamination, such as photocopiers, insulation and cleaning materials, measurement of temperature, humidity, air movement and Sick Building Syndrome other comfort parameters, measurement of carbon dioxide to assess the ventilation efficiency, measurement of formaldehyde, carbon monoxide, ozone and respirable particles and examination of the ventilation system for causes of poor distribution, including tests for biological organisms in any water in the system.

Go to: PREVENTION AND CONTROL Increase the ventilation rates and air distribution. The heating, Sick Building Syndrome ventilation and air-conditioning systems should be designed to meet ventilation standards in the local sick building syndrome codes. The HVAC system should be operated and maintained properly to ensure that the desired ventilation rates are attained. 

If there are strong pollutants, the air may need to be directly vented to the outside. This Sick Building Syndrome method is especially recommended to remove pollutants that accumulate in specific areas such as rest rooms, copy rooms and printing facilities. The ASHRAE recommends a minimum of 8.4 air exchanges per 24 h. 

Removal or modification of the pollutant source can be carried out by a routine maintenance of HVAC systems, replacing water-stained ceiling tiles and carpets, using stone, ceramic or hardwood flooring, proper water proofing, avoiding synthetic Sick Building Syndrome or treated upholstery fabrics, minimizing the use of electronic items and unplugging idle devices, venting contaminants to the outside, storing paints, solvents, pesticides and adhesives in close containers in well-ventilated areas and using these pollutant sources in periods of low or no occupancy. 

Allowing time for sick building syndrome material in new areas to off-gas pollutants before occupancy and smoking restrictions are some measures that can be used. Air cleaning can be a useful addition to control air pollution. Air cleaning can be performed by ensuring uncongested interiors with open office designs, Sick Building Syndrome use of frosted glass and skylights that give access to natural light, terrace gardens, community spaces and indoor plants that absorb carbon monoxide and formaldehyde from the air. 

Air filters are also effective in removing some if not all of the pollutants. Education and communication are important parts of any air quality Sick Building Syndrome management programme so as to work more effectively and efficiently to prevent and solve the health problems. Legislation Banning of smoking in the workplace or restricting smoking to designated well-ventilated areas away from the work stations and creating no-smoking zones with the help of laws. 

In some European countries, Sick Building Syndrome workers have a statutory right to be involved with the employer's plans for changes in the work place. Research A field of study originating in Germany called Bau-biologie or Sick building syndrome biology has been initiated. The principles of Sick building syndrome biology are as follows:

Site status The sick building syndrome site should be geologically undisturbed. Residential areas should be away from industrial centers and main traffic routes Sick Building Syndrome and housing should have sufficient green space and should be in harmony with the surrounding environment. 

Construction concepts Natural, unadulterated and nontoxic sick building syndrome material should be used, walls, floors and ceilings should not be susceptible to mold or fungi, the basement should be waterproof and well -ventilated, the earth's natural magnetic field should not be altered or distorted, production, installation Sick Building Syndrome and disposal of sick building syndrome materials should not lead to environmental pollution, sick building syndrome activities should not lead to exploitation of nonrenewable, rate resources. 

Interiors Lighting and color must mix well with the surroundings and not jar the senses, man-made electromagnetic radiation must be reduced as much as possible, Sick Building Syndrome interiors should be done by using natural materials without toxic content and should be economically designed, there should be no toxic outgases or harsh smells, indoor humidity should be naturally regulated.

Air pollutants should be filtered and neutralized, thermal insulation should be balanced with heat retention, Sick Building Syndrome use of solar heating should be encouraged, moisture content in new sick building syndromes should be low, protective measures against noise pollution and harmful infrasonic and ultrasound radiation must be ensured, natural balance of atmospheric electricity and ion concentration should be maintained 

Martin-Gil, et al. Hospital Management International. Sterling Sick Building Syndrome Publications Limited; Outcome of research into a sick hospital. [Ref list] 4. Breiman RF, Fraser DW. 13th ed. New Jersey: Prentice Hall International Inc; 1992. Legionelloisis, Maxy-Rosenau – Last: Public Health and Preventive Medicine; pp. 181–2. [Ref list] Review Sick-building syndrome. 

Redlich CA, Sparer J, Cullen MR Lancet. 1997 Apr 5; 349(9057):1013-6. [PubMed] [Ref list] Phoon WO. Practical occupational health. Singapore: PG Publishing; 1988. pp. 326–7. [Ref list] IAQ fact sheet sick building syndrome, Sick Building Syndrome Environmental Health Center. Available from: http://www.nsc.org/ehc/indoor/sbs.htm-8k- [Ref list] 

The sick building syndrome: prevalence studies. Finnegan MJ, Pickering CA, Burge PS Br Med J (Clin Res Ed). 1984 Dec 8; 289(6458):1573-5. [PubMed] [Ref list] IAQ publications. Sick building syndrome fact sheet indoor air facts no. 4 (Revised) Available from: http://www.epa.gov/iaq/pubs/sub.html-29k- [Ref list] Sick building syndrome: Causes, effects Sick Building Syndrome and control. London: Hazards Centre; [Ref list] ‘Room in the skies’ Outlook – life wellness. 2004. Feb, pp. 26–8. [Ref list]

Monsoon Damage

In gabled tops, truss bracing generally consists of 2x4s that run the length of the top. If you do not really have truss bracing, it shall be replaced. You could do some of this yourself or hire a professional Wind Damage Monsoon Damage contractor. Place 2x4s the length of your top, overlapping the ends of the 2x4  read more..

Animal Hoarders

BEHIND CLOSED DOORS: THE HORRORS OF ANIMAL HOARDERS By Rebecca Simmons To someone desperate to find a home for a litter of kittens, the Chubbers Animal Rescue would have appeared to be the perfect haven. Nestled in a wooded lot in Caroline County, Maryland, the former home of Linda Farve and Ernie M  read more..

How To Dehumidify A Flooded Crawl Space

Intuitively, reheating a cooled air stream using hot discharge gas from a refrigerant compressor makes sense. However, it mitigates only the last of the four penalties of ordinary reheat systems mentioned in the sidebar. The refrigeration plant still must be larger by the amount of reheat. Also, the  read more..

Remove House Fire Smoke Odor From Clothes

In areas where fires are likely to occur, state and local public health agencies should consider running pre-season public service announcements (PSAs) or news releases to advise the public on how to prepare for the fire season. PSAs should be simple (e.g., the season for wildfires is approaching; t  read more..

How To Remove Mold On Drywall

I heard about "toxic molds" that grow in homes and other buildings. Should I be concerned about a serious health risk to me and my family?The term "toxic mold" is not accurate. While certain molds are toxigenic, meaning they can produce toxins (specifically mycotoxins), Mold Remediation How To Remove Mold On Drywall the molds them  read more..

Do it Yourself Wet Basement Repair

The height of your levee or floodwall will be determined partly by the Flood Protection Elevation (FPE) you have chosen. However (as explained in Chapter 3) height limitations imposed by design complexity, construction cost, and property space requirements, Basement Drying Do it Yourself Wet Basement Repair coupled with the need to provide  read more..

Water Damage

Often, following some sort of water damage like a burst pipe or a thunderstorm that has caused damage to a house or business allowing water to enter creating a Electronic Restoration Water Damage. This will require the restoration of the electronic equipment that's in the building back to its original state. There are certa  read more..

Water Mitigation

Insulation is one of the most important parts of trying to keep your Crawl Space Drying Water Mitigation. Here are some useful tips, always install rigid or insulation that comes in batts using one of three different methods either use exterior foam, interior foam, or interior batt to create complete insulation coverage. B  read more..

Leaking Water Heater

Use (undamaged) HVAC system and de-humidifiers to aid in reducing relative humidity levels to below 50% if possible to aid in drying of wetted materials Water Damage Leaking Water Heater and to prevent unaffected materials from absorbing moisture in the air. Remove undamaged paper items from affected area if high humi  read more..

FEMA Flood Zones

Is financial assistance available for NFIP policyholders to reduce their overall risk? Yes, FEMA offers five hazard mitigation grant programs. Some grant programs are available only to NFIP policyholders. 105. What is the Repetitive Loss Properties Strategy? The primary objective of the Repetitive L  read more..