Flood Damage >> How To Do Flood Remediation

Disease Risks and Sewage Exposure Flood water often contains raw sewage. Raw sewage can contain certain germs such as bacteria, viruses, and parasites. The risk of illness depends on how you were exposed to the flood water or sewage and how long you were exposed. The most common mode of infection is through ingestion (swallowing tiny bits from your hands How To Do Flood Remediation or from contaminated foods or water).  

Skin contact poses a health threat if you have an open wound. The risk of infection when handling sewage or flood water can be reduced significantly by effective and immediate clean-up and How To Do Flood Remediation by taking appropriate safety precautions. Some germs in sewage or in water contaminated with sewage: Bacteria (examples: E. coli, salmonella) may cause diarrhea, fever, cramps, or vomiting.  

Parasite (example: giardia) may cause diarrhea and stomach cramps. Viruses (example: Norovirus) may cause vomiting and diarrhea. Safety Precautions Assume that anything touched by sewage is contaminated. This includes most of the How To Do Flood Remediation flood water from the September 2013 floods. Avoid sewage-contaminated water if possible. 

Follow any boil water or bottled water advisories in your community if there is any sewage or other contamination of your water supply. Do not eat or drink in areas near sewage. If you've been in contact with flood water, How To Do Flood Remediation wash your hands well with soap and clean water before eating or touching your mouth or face. 

Immediately wash and disinfect any cut or scrape that comes into contact with flood water. Shower and change out of your clothes if you are in contact with flood water. Launder clothes separately or How To Do Flood Remediation throw them out. Wash your hands with soap and clean water after touching any surfaces or objects that may have been contaminated with flood water. 

Vaccinations: If you may have been exposed to sewage in flood water, How To Do Flood Remediation you need to be up-todate on your shots for tetanus and diphtheria. Adults should have had a shot within the last 10 years. Children should be up to date on their regular vaccinations, which include these shots. Contact a doctor if you become sick.

To assist homeowners and small businesses with on-site wastewater treatment systems (OWTS), also known as septic systems, How To Do Flood Remediation following flooding of the system. The septic system includes the tank and a soil treatment area, also known as the leach field or drain field. Flooding may have impacted the septic tank, the soil treatment area, or both. 

Care must be taken when bringing a septic system back into service following a flood event. The information below is provided to assist with the process of safely bringing your system back on-line. As difficult as it may be, How To Do Flood Remediation be patient to give your septic system time to "dry out.” Not only does the water above the ground surface need to drain away, but the level of water in the ground needs to drop before a septic system can be used. 

If your on-site wastewater treatment system was not flooded but experienced heavy rain that saturated the soil, How To Do Flood Remediation use as little water as possible until your system dries out. Ways to assist with drying out the septic system location is to route water from roof gutters away from the system and make sure any sump pumps in the home are not directed to the septic system. 

As soon as possible, mark the location of the septic tank and the soil treatment area (leachfield, drainfield) to keep traffic, even foot traffic, off the system to prevent damage and soil compaction. Make sure that all electric power is off to pumps, aeration or treatment systems, etc. Have an electrical contractor or an How To Do Flood Remediation installer trained about your system check out the electrical components for damage and water tightness prior to restoring power to the system. 

Don't allow wastewater to go to the septic system until the system has recovered. This can mean no baths, laundry, or toilet flushing. Large quantities of How To Do Flood Remediation disinfectant can kill the good bacteria in the on-site system, so don't put water with disinfectants from flood clean up down the drain. 

The septic tank and pump tank, if you have one, should be pumped and inspected before resuming use of the onsite wastewater treatment system, because silt, debris and other contaminants may have entered the tank. These can cause problems for the soil treatment area. After the tank has been pumped, inspect the inlet How To Do Flood Remediation and outlet tees or baffles for blockages caused by debris or fats and grease from the tank. 

BUT, don't rush to pump the septic tank until the groundwater level has dropped. Empty tanks, including concrete tanks, have less weight and thus are more buoyant. They can "porpoise” out of the ground or at least move/shift. Additionally, How To Do Flood Remediation if plastic or fiberglass tanks are pumped under high water conditions, these tanks can collapse or be crushed by the pressure of the surrounding soil and water forcing costly replacement of the tank. 

This can break pipe connections and electrical connections. If the groundwater level is part way up the side of the septic tank, How To Do Flood Remediation it may be necessary to only partially pump the tank the first time. It is also possible that water from the soil treatment area will flow back into the tank, so the tank would need to be pumped more than once. 

Hazards in flood waters are variable and can include sewage and hazardous chemicals. There are also How To Do Flood Remediation dangers from physical hazards such as obstacles covered by flood waters and from displaced reptiles or other animals. People working in and around flood waters should prevent skin contact and splash exposure with use of appropriate PPE, including at minimum: 

Watertight boots with steel shank, toe, and insole. Tennis shoes or sneakers should not be worn because they will transfer How To Do Flood Remediation contamination and will not prevent punctures, bites, or crush injuries. Hip waders may be appropriate to help prevent contact with flood waters. Heavy, waterproof, cut-resistant work gloves. 

Other types of protective gloves may be required if handling identified material hazards; Goggles, safety glasses with side shields or full face shields; Hard-hat if there is any danger of falling debris or How To Do Flood Remediation electrical hazards; Hearing protection (when working in an environment with any noise that you must shout over to be heard); 

Any clothing or PPE worn in flood response should be disinfected between uses. Wash clothing in hot water. Boots, goggles, etc. should be scrubbed with soap and water How To Do Flood Remediation and air-dried. Respiratory Protection: N95 respirators may also be necessary when working in dusty conditions after water recedes, or if other recognized hazards are present, such as mold. 

Most home improvement and How To Do Flood Remediation hardware stores sell N95 dust masks. Look for the N95 or National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) label on the respirator or packaging.

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