Smoke Damage >> Remove Smoke Smell From Fire Damaged Furniture

The effects of smoke range from eye and respiratory tract irritation to more serious disorders, including reduced lung function, bronchitis, exacerbation of asthma, and premature death. Studies have found that fine particles are linked (alone or with other pollutants) with increased mortality and aggravation of pre-existing respiratory and Remove Smoke Smell From Fire Damaged Furniture cardiovascular disease. 

In addition, particles are respiratory irritants, and exposures to high concentrations of particulate matter can cause persistent cough, phlegm, wheezing, and difficulty breathing. Particles can also affect healthy people, causing respiratory symptoms, Remove Smoke Smell From Fire Damaged Furniture transient reductions in lung function, and pulmonary inflammation. 

Particulate matter can also affect the body's immune system and the physiological mechanisms that remove inhaled foreign materials from the lungs, such as pollen and Remove Smoke Smell From Fire Damaged Furniture bacteria. As noted earlier, particulate matter exposure is the principal public health threat from short-term exposures to wildfire smoke. 

Carbon monoxide (CO) enters the bloodstream through the lungs and reduces oxygen delivery to the body's organs and tissues. CO concentrations typical of population exposures related to wildfire smoke do not pose a significant hazard, Remove Smoke Smell From Fire Damaged Furniture except to some sensitive individuals and to firefighters very close to the fire line. 

Individuals who may experience health effects from lower levels of CO are those who have cardiovascular disease: they may experience chest pain and cardiac arrhythmias. At higher levels (such as those that occur in major structural fires), Remove Smoke Smell From Fire Damaged Furniture CO exposure can cause headache, weakness, dizziness, confusion, nausea, disorientation, visual impairment, coma, and death, even in otherwise healthy individuals. 

Wildfire smoke also contains significant quantities of respiratory irritants, which can act in concert to produce eye and respiratory irritation and potentially exacerbate asthma. Formaldehyde and Remove Smoke Smell From Fire Damaged Furniture acrolein are two of the principal contributors to the cumulative irritant properties of smoke. One concern that may be raised by members of the general public is whether they run an increased risk of cancer or of other chronic health conditions (e.g. heart disease) from short-term exposure to wildfire smoke. 

People exposed to toxic air pollutants at sufficient concentrations and durations may have slightly increased risks of cancer or of experiencing other chronic health problems. However, Remove Smoke Smell From Fire Damaged Furniture in general, the long-term risks from short-term smoke exposures are quite low. Short-term elevated exposures to wildfire carcinogens are also small relative to total lifetime exposures to carcinogens in diesel exhaust and other combustion sources. 

Epidemiological studies have shown that urban firefighters exposed to smoke over an entire working lifetime have about a threefold increased risk of Remove Smoke Smell From Fire Damaged Furniture developing lung cancer (Hansen 1990). This provides some perspective on the magnitude of potential risks from short-term wildfire events. The major known carcinogenic components of smoke are polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). 

Although other known carcinogens, such as benzene and formaldehyde, are also present in smoke, they are thought to present a lesser risk. Not everyone who is exposed to thick smoke will have health problems. The level and duration of exposure, age, Remove Smoke Smell From Fire Damaged Furniture individual susceptibility, including the presence or absence of pre-existing lung or heart disease, and other factors play significant roles in determining whether someone will experience smoke-related health problems. 

Sensitive populations Most healthy adults and children will recover quickly from smoke exposure Remove Smoke Smell From Fire Damaged Furniture and will not suffer long-term consequences. However, certain sensitive populations may experience more severe short-term and chronic symptoms. 

Much of the information about how particulate matter affects these groups has come from studies involving airborne particles in cities, Remove Smoke Smell From Fire Damaged Furniture though a few studies examining the effects of exposure to smoke suggest that the health effects of wildfire smoke are likely to be similar (Naeher et al. 2007). More research is needed to determine whether particles from wildfires affect susceptible subpopulations differently. 

Individuals with asthma and Remove Smoke Smell From Fire Damaged Furniture other respiratory diseases. More than 35 million people in the US suffer from chronic lung diseases such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (American Lung Association 2008). Levels of pollutants that may not affect healthy people may cause breathing difficulties for people with asthma, COPD, or other chronic lung diseases. 

Asthma is a condition characterized by chronic inflammation of the bronchi and smaller airways, with intermittent airway constriction, causing shortness of breath, wheezing, chest tightness, and coughing, sometimes accompanied by excess mucus production. During an asthma attack, Remove Smoke Smell From Fire Damaged Furniture the muscles tighten around the airways and the lining of the airways becomes inflamed and swollen, constricting the free flow of air. 

Because children's airways are narrower than those of adults, irritation that might create minor problems for an adult may result in significant obstruction in the airways of a young child. However, Remove Smoke Smell From Fire Damaged Furniture this disease affects all age groups: the highest mortality rates from asthma occur among older adults. 

A significant fraction of the population may have airway hyperresponsiveness, an exaggerated tendency of the large and small airways (bronchi and bronchioles, respectively) to constrict in response to respiratory irritants, cold dry air, and other stimuli. While airway hyperresponsiveness is considered a hallmark of asthma, this tendency may also be found in many individuals without asthma as well; for example, Remove Smoke Smell From Fire Damaged Furniture during and following a lower respiratory tract infection. 

In such individuals, smoke exposure may cause asthma-like symptoms. Individuals with COPD, which is generally considered to encompass emphysema and chronic bronchitis, may also experience worsening of their conditions because of exposure to wildfire smoke. Patients with COPD often have an asthmatic component to their condition, Remove Smoke Smell From Fire Damaged Furniture which may result in their experiencing asthma-like symptoms. 

However, because their lung capacity has typically been seriously compromised, Remove Smoke Smell From Fire Damaged Furniture additional constriction of the airways in individuals with COPD may result in symptoms requiring medical attention. Researchers have reported that individuals with COPD run an increased risk of requiring emergency medical care after exposure to particulate matter or forest fire smoke. 

Exposure to smoke may also depress the lung's ability to fight infection. People with COPD may develop lower respiratory infections after exposure to wildfire smoke, which may require urgent medical care as well. In addition, because COPD is usually the result of many years of smoking, Remove Smoke Smell From Fire Damaged Furniture individuals with this condition may also have heart disease, and are potentially at risk from both conditions.

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Reinforce walls and footings to minimize shrinkage cracking and cracking due to uneven settlement. To retard movement of radon through hollow core masonry walls, the top and bottom courses of hollow masonry walls should be solid block, Basement Drying Safely Get Water Out Of A Flooded Basement or filled solid. 

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