Smoke Damage >> How To Remove Smoke Smell From Your House
Diseases of the circulatory system include high blood pressure, cardiovascular diseases, such as coronary artery disease and congestive heart failure, and cerebrovascular conditions, such as hardening of the arteries (atherosclerosis) that bring blood to the brain. These chronic conditions can render individuals susceptible to attacks of angina pectoris (transient chest pain), heart attacks, sudden death due to a cardiac arrhythmia, How To Remove Smoke Smell From Your House acute congestive heart failure, or stroke.
Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of mortality in the United States: about 30 to 40 percent of all deaths each year. The vast majority of these deaths occur in people over age 65. Studies have linked urban particulate matter to increased risks of heart attacks, cardiac arrhythmias, and How To Remove Smoke Smell From Your House other adverse effects in those with cardiovascular disease.
People with chronic lung or heart disease may experience one or How To Remove Smoke Smell From Your House more of the following symptoms: shortness of breath, chest tightness, pain in the chest, neck, shoulder or arm, palpitations, or unusual fatigue or lightheadedness. Chemical messengers released into the blood because of particle-related lung inflammation may increase the risk of blood clot formation, angina episodes, heart attacks, and strokes.
The elderly. Researchers have estimated that tens of thousands of elderly people die prematurely each year from exposure to particulate air pollution, How To Remove Smoke Smell From Your House as older adults are more likely to have pre-existing lung and heart diseases, and therefore are more susceptible to particle-associated effects. The elderly may also be more affected than younger people because important respiratory defense mechanisms decline with age.
Particulate air pollution can compromise the function of cells involved in immune defenses in the lungs, potentially increasing susceptibility to bacterial or viral respiratory infections, which may carry a worse prognosis in older adults. Children. Children, even those without any pre-existing illness or chronic conditions, How To Remove Smoke Smell From Your House are considered a sensitive population because their lungs are still developing, making them more susceptible to air pollution than healthy adults.
Several factors lead to increased exposure in children compared with adults: they tend to spend more time outside; How To Remove Smoke Smell From Your House they engage in more vigorous activity; and they inhale more air (and therefore more smoke constituents) per pound of body weight. These are all reasons to try to limit children's vigorous outdoor activities during smoky conditions.
Studies have shown that particle pollution is associated with increased respiratory symptoms and decreased lung function in children, How To Remove Smoke Smell From Your House including symptoms such as episodes of coughing and difficulty breathing. These can result in school absences and other limitations of normal childhood activities.
Pregnant women. While there have not been studies of the effects of exposure to wildfire smoke on pregnancy outcomes, there is substantial evidence of adverse effects of repeated exposures to cigarette smoke, How To Remove Smoke Smell From Your House including both active and passive smoking. Wildfire smoke contains many of the same compounds as cigarette smoke.
In addition, recent data suggest that exposures to ambient air pollution in cities may result in low birth weight, preterm birth, and possibly other more serious adverse reproductive effects, How To Remove Smoke Smell From Your House including infant mortality. Therefore, it would be prudent to consider pregnant women as a potentially susceptible population as well. Smokers.
People who smoke, especially those who have smoked for many years, have compromised lung function. However, due to adaptation of their lungs to ongoing irritation, How To Remove Smoke Smell From Your House smokers are generally less likely to report symptoms from exposure to irritant chemicals than are nonsmokers. Nevertheless, they may still be injured by wildfire smoke.
Therefore, because they may not experience the same degree of irritation from wildfire smoke as nonsmokers, How To Remove Smoke Smell From Your House some smokers may unwittingly put themselves at greater risk of potentially harmful wildfire smoke exposures. The most common advisory issued during a smoke episode is to stay indoors. The usefulness of this strategy depends on how well the building limits smoke from coming in from outdoors and on minimizing indoor pollution sources.
Staying indoors may therefore provide some protection, especially in a tightly closed, air-conditioned home in which the air conditioner re-circulates indoor air. Generally, How To Remove Smoke Smell From Your House newer homes are "tighter" and keep ambient air pollution out more effectively than older homes. Staying inside with the doors and windows closed can usually reduce exposure to ambient air pollution by about a third or more.
Homes with central air conditioning generally recirculate indoor air, though some outdoor smoky air can still be drawn inside (e.g., when people enter or exit). In homes without air conditioning, How To Remove Smoke Smell From Your House indoor concentrations of fine particles can approach 70 to 100 percent of the outdoor levels. In very leaky homes and buildings, outdoor particles can easily infiltrate indoors, so guidance to stay inside may offer little protection.
In any home, if doors and windows are left open, particle levels indoors and outdoors will be about the same. Sometimes smoke events can last for weeks or (rarely) months. These longer events are usually punctuated by periods of relatively clean air. When air quality improves, How To Remove Smoke Smell From Your House even temporarily, residents should "air out" their homes to reduce indoor air pollution.
People may also wish to clean their residences during such reduced smoke intervals, including damp mopping or dusting, and vacuuming (preferably with a high efficiency particulate air [HEPA] filter-equipped vacuum), How To Remove Smoke Smell From Your House in order to reduce subsequent re-suspension of particles that may have settled when the smoke was thicker.
An important drawback of advising people to stay inside during smoke events is the increased risk of heat stress. In many parts of the country, the fire season typically extends from mid-summer through the early fall, when high outside temperatures are common. In homes without air conditioning, in which individuals depend on open windows and doors for ventilation, How To Remove Smoke Smell From Your House remaining inside with everything closed can be dangerous.
Older individuals and others in frail health run the risk of heat exhaustion or heat stroke, which could have dire consequences. If outdoor temperatures are very high, it would be prudent to advise those without air conditioning to stay with friends or with family members who do, to go to a cleaner air shelter in their community, or to leave the area. These How To Remove Smoke Smell From Your House and other options are discussed below.
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