Lead Paint Removal >> Preventing Child Lead Exposure By Window Replaceme

Preventing Child Lead Exposure by Window Replacement Project Funder: National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences Project Partners: NYU School of Medicine, NYC Health Department, Oneida County Health Department, and local weatherization agencies Project Description: The National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences of NIH awarded a grant to implement lead-safe window replacement and build collaboration with local health departments and Preventing Child Lead Exposure By Window Replaceme weatherization activities. 

The grant will fund three efforts: 1. New York State Demonstration Projects: NYU and NCHH will partner with New York City and Oneida County to compare the effectiveness, cost, and Preventing Child Lead Exposure By Window Replaceme savings of weatherization work with and without window replacement. The hypothesis is that greater energy savings and lead hazard reduction benefits can be realized with lead-safe window replacement. 

2. Outreach Communication: This effort will produce documents that explain energy savings and lead hazard reduction benefits of lead-safe window replacement. Although many government agencies and Preventing Child Lead Exposure By Window Replaceme organizations are devoted to promoting child health initiatives, energy efficiency, and affordable housing, this outreach effort is unique in its commitment to communicating how energy efficient healthy housing investments can serve multiple policy objectives. 

3. Partnership Building: This "Windows of Opportunity” effort will build capacity and trust between local communities, researchers, government officials, mortgage underwriters, utilities, and foundations, as well as, partnerships between window manufacturers, government-assisted rehab Preventing Child Lead Exposure By Window Replaceme and weatherization grantees, researchers, mortgage underwriters, home inspectors and appraisers, utilities, and foundations in order to achieve energy conservation and public health goals. 

The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) provided substantial funding for a variety of housing and energy programs that could be used to support this effort. The near-term goal is to leverage Preventing Child Lead Exposure By Window Replaceme and coordinate these ARRA funds to achieve multiple benefits from shared costs. The long-term goal is to establish market-based systems driven by informed consumers that demand for more energy efficient and healthy housing. 

The initiative will also document costs, verify expected benefits, and evaluate evidence of potential benefits. The Lead Safe Window Replacement Strategy The lead safe window replacement strategy was designed to realize the long-term energy savings Preventing Child Lead Exposure By Window Replaceme and lead hazard reduction benefits of window replacement and protect against other lead paint hazards. 

Windows have the highest levels of lead in paint of any building component, lead paint chips are common in old window troughs, Preventing Child Lead Exposure By Window Replaceme and friction surfaces on old windows create lead dust hazards even in homes without any deteriorated lead paint. Lead paint was banned after 1978, double-pane windows became widely used in cold climates in the 1980s, and low-e windows that reduce solar gain to save on air conditioning costs became common in the 1990s. 

As a result, single-pane windows in older housing are good indicators of lead paint hazards and inefficient energy use. Combining lead safe window replacement with other weatherization can reduce energy bills by 50%, increase home market value, Preventing Child Lead Exposure By Window Replaceme and could also reduce the risk of asthma and other housing-related health risks. 

Lead-safe window replacement is defined as the following simple four-step upgrade in Preventing Child Lead Exposure By Window Replaceme homes with single-pane windows: 1. Replace all single-pane windows with ENERGY STAR windows 2. Stabilize any significantly deteriorated paint 3. Perform specialized cleaning to remove any lead-contaminated dust 

4. Perform dust wipe tests to confirm absence of lead dust hazards after cleanup Window Replacement & Long-Term Lead Control Project Funder: U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) Project Partners: Chicago Department of Public Health; Environmental Health Watch; St. Paul-Ramsey County (MN) Public Health; Vermont Housing and Preventing Child Lead Exposure By Window Replaceme Conservation Board; University of Cincinnati Project Description: 

This study is the first to estimate the effectiveness of lead hazard controls and window treatments more than a decade after their implementation, making it the longest time period ever to examine the durability of residential lead hazard control. Specifically, Preventing Child Lead Exposure By Window Replaceme this study will be the first to compare the effects of window replacement versus other window treatments and lead hazard control methods. 

While window replacement has emerged as an increasingly popular form of lead hazard control in HUD’s lead hazard control grant program, there has been no study to date that has examined window replacement per se. Earlier studies have tended to combine window replacement with other window lead hazard controls, such as installation of jamb liners and trough and Preventing Child Lead Exposure By Window Replaceme sill enclosure/cap systems, resulting in lack of knowledge about the relative merits of window replacement versus window repair. 

Analysis of data from a six-year follow-up study suggests that dwellings with window replacement tend to have lower floor dust lead loadings. If this preliminary finding is confirmed by this study and continues with time, the study will provide empirical evidence that window replacement not only removes lead paint from the home and reduces window dust lead loadings, Preventing Child Lead Exposure By Window Replaceme but also influences floor dust lead. 

Other studies have also examined the positive effects of window replacement on energy conservation, market value, and Preventing Child Lead Exposure By Window Replaceme climate change. Non-Governmental Efforts to Address Lead Hazards Project Funder: Alliance for Healthy Homes through a grant from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) Project Partners: 

The University of Rochester, Preventing Child Lead Exposure By Window Replaceme the Northern Manhattan Improvement Corporation, and the Cleveland Tenants Association Project Description: NCHH is serving as a consultant to the Alliance for Healthy Homes on this project, to analyze data for hundreds of dwelling units in nine jurisdictions across the U.S. that were found to have lead hazards in 2003-2005. 

While all of the units had floor or window sill lead dust hazards, only some units received lead hazard repairs. The aim of the program under which the data were collected was to motivate repairs through clear identification of lead hazards; Preventing Child Lead Exposure By Window Replaceme the project did not have funds for lead hazard control. The longevity and effectiveness of the lead hazard repairs are analyzed for a subset of units. 

This study marks the first time that effectiveness of lead hazard repairs performed in the context of participation by residents and Preventing Child Lead Exposure By Window Replaceme community members (not local government) has been analyzed. In this study, community-based organizations are collecting lead samples in units previously investigated, and conducting structured interviews. 

Existing research has quantified the long-term effectiveness of government-funded lead hazard control projects. Yet there is little Preventing Child Lead Exposure By Window Replaceme information about non-governmental community-based efforts. This research will answer the question about whether lead hazards persist in high-risk housing in places where there are no federal funds or that are not served well by government programs.

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