Lead Paint Removal >> Lead Safety At Work

CDC Releases Latest Blood Lead Data, Confirming that 535,000 Children Have High Levels and Disparities Persist. (Hard to Believe that CDC and Congress Cut the Funding, Isn't It?) Despite progress in reducing blood lead levels (BLLs) among children, differences between the mean BLLs of different racial/ethnic and Lead Safety At Work income groups persist, and work remains to be done to reach the Healthy People 2020 objective of reducing mean BLLs for all children in the United States. 

Today's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) publishes the first analysis of National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data that defines children's blood lead levels (BLLs) greater than or equal to 5 micrograms per deciliter (µg/dL) as "high." In addition to reporting that 535,000 have high levels, Lead Safety At Work CDC's newest data analysis also demonstrates the persistence of disparities in the BLL by factors such as race/ethnicity and income level. 

Children belonging to families with a low income (130% of poverty level) are more than three times as likely children in higher income families to have high blood lead levels. The mean blood lead level for low income children is 1.6 µg/dL, or .6 µg/dL higher than children in higher income Lead Safety At Work households (1.2 µg/dL). 

Medicaid-enrolled children also have higher blood lead levels, and are more likely to have high blood levels, Lead Safety At Work than non-Medicaid enrolled children. Non-Hispanic black children are more than twice as likely as non-Hispanic white children to have BLLs at or above 5 µg/dL. The mean blood lead level for non-Hispanic black children is 1.8 µg/dL, while non-Hispanic white children have a mean BLL of 1.3 µg/dL. 

The disparities in blood lead levels by income and ethnicity have narrowed but remain pronounced. The number of children with blood levels of 5 is falling. But we have reached a plateau, Lead Safety At Work the slope of decline is leveling off. Intense work is needed to shut down exposure in homes and from other sources. 

CDC must renew its commitment to funding prevention – which involves outside-the-clinical-box work like fueling enforcement of environmental health laws, Lead Safety At Work helping to target housing officials' attention to the blocks and neighborhoods and property owners posing greatest risk, shedding light on the causes and solutions. 

Environmental justice demands more knowledge of and Lead Safety At Work accountability for how our children are exposed to lead. Background on the Data: State-by-state breakdowns of the most recent available surveillance data (actual test results for millions of children across the US) are available here. The total number is smaller than the NHANES estimate of 535,000 because, among other reasons, not all children are tested. 

With the decimation of CDC's funding for state and local lead poisoning prevention programs, the future availability of such data after 2011 is uncertain, Lead Safety At Work bordering on unlikely. NHANES is a continuous, cross-sectional, representative survey of the U.S. civilian population, using a complex, multistage probability design. 

Since the mid-1970s, when NHANES first began measuring blood lead levels, the survey has become the basis for monitoring changes in BLLs in the United States. Beginning in 1999, NHANES became a continuous survey, Lead Safety At Work with roughly 10,000 NHANES participants interviewed and examined during each 2-year cycle. 

Approximately 1,240 children aged 1–5 years are examined every cycle, and a blood specimen is drawn from approximately 850 (69%) of them. CDC then weights this sample data to develop the population wide estimate reported in the MMWR report. Finding a medical doctor for blood lead level testing and Lead Safety At Work respirator evaluations: Occupational medicine providers and clinics are usually the best equipped to offer blood lead level testing and evaluate workers for respirator use. 

To find a medical provider go to: www.cdph.ca.gov/ programs/olppp/pages/BLLtesters.aspx Finding a local exhaust ventilation system: Pre-fabricated systems Contact your trade association, Lead Safety At Work other business owners in your industry, or equipment suppliers to see if there are any pre-fabricated systems available for your work operations. 

Custom-designed systems Talk to other business owners in your industry or look in the phone book or on the web for a heating and Lead Safety At Work ventilation contractor. Choose someone with experience designing ventilation systems to lower worker exposure to toxic materials. Providing lead safety information and training to your employees: 

The California Department of Public Health has educational materials and Lead Safety At Work videos (in English and Spanish) for training employees about lead safety. For copies go to www.cdph.ca.gov/programs/ olppp, or call (866) 627-1587 Finding someone to do air monitoring for lead: Contact your workers' compensation carrier and ask whether they provide free air monitoring. 

Hire an industrial hygiene consultant. The Occupational Lead Poisoning Prevention Program is funded by the fees paid by California businesses in industries with the potential for lead poisoning. For more Lead Safety At Work information about the Occupational Lead Poisoning Prevention Fee go to: http://www.boe.ca.gov/sptaxprog/occupleadfee.htm  Use the checklist below to help you assess lead safety at your business. 

At first this may seem like a lot to do. You can't do it all overnight. But if you start with the easy changes and keep moving forward you'll succeed. Every step you take moves you closer to lead-safe workplace. 1. Easy Changes Provide a clean lunchroom and clean changing area. If you work in construction, Lead Safety At Work this may be an area away from the work area that is protected from lead contamination. 

Provide wash-up facilities. If you work in construction, portable wash stations may be provided. Provide workers with sufficient time to wash up before breaks, lunch, and Lead Safety At Work going home. Provide work clothes and work shoes that stay at the job site. Arrange for laundering of soiled clothes or proper disposal. 

Provide a HEPA vacuum or tools for wet cleaning the work area. Train workers to work safely with lead. Make sure the training includes information about the health effects of lead and Lead Safety At Work blood lead level testing. Train new workers when they start the job and all workers at least once a year. Provide workers with a blood lead level test at least every six months. 

2. Next Steps Use work methods that keep lead dust and fume levels down. Separate lead work areas from non-lead work areas. In construction, Lead Safety At Work plastic sheeting can be used to isolate dusty work from the surrounding area. 3. Upgrading Your Program Capture lead dust and fume before it gets into the air workers breathe. Install local exhaust ventilation whenever possible. 

Attach power tools to a HEPA vacuum. Provide workers with a respirator for added protection. Pay for a Lead Safety At Work doctor to evaluate whether they can wear a respirator without harming their health. Provide workers with fit tests to make sure the respirator fits well. Make sure you are using N-100, R-100, or P-100 filters. Train workers how to use and take care of their respirators. Provide shower facilities. If you work in construction these may be portable showers

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