Lead Paint Removal >> Written Protocols For Lead Abatement

In electronics, gray iron foundries, ink manufacture, paints and coatings manufacture, wallpaper manufacture, can manufacture, and printing, the date is March 7, 1983; in secondary lead smelting and battery manufacturing, the deadline is March 7, 1983; in primary lead production, it is March 7, 1982; and for most other industries, Written Protocols For Lead Abatement it is September 7, 1984. 

The regulation also requires that employers in the above-indicated industries establish a written plan within specified dates which will describe and project the means Written Protocols For Lead Abatement and implementation schedule whereby compliance with the PEL will be achieved by the applicable deadline. 

For certain other industries, the feasibility of complying with the PEL by means of engineering controls has not been established, Written Protocols For Lead Abatement and as a consequence, employers within these industries are required to implement feasible controls to comply with an employee exposure limit of 150 µg/m3 and to supplement such controls with respiratory protection to achieve compliance with the PEL. 

These industries or operations include lead pigment manufacture, nonferrous foundries, leaded steel manufacture, lead chemical manufacture, shipbuilding and ship repair, Written Protocols For Lead Abatement battery breaking (excluding scrap collection and processing which is part of secondary lead production), the secondary lead smelting of copper, and lead casting. 

Where employee exposure above the PEL occurs intermittently for no more than 30 days per year, Written Protocols For Lead Abatement feasible engineering controls must be implemented to achieve compliance with an exposure limit of 150 µg/m3 but compliance with the PEL may be accomplished by any combination of engineering, work practice, and administrative controls and respiratory protection. 

IV. Respiratory Protection Your employer is required to provide and assure your use of respirators when your exposure to lead is not controlled below the PEL by other means. The employer must pay the cost of the respirator. Whenever you request one, Written Protocols For Lead Abatement your employer is also required to provide you a respirator even if the air exposure level does not exceed the PEL. 

You might desire a respirator when, for example, you intend to have children in the near future, Written Protocols For Lead Abatement and want to reduce the level of lead in your body to minimize adverse reproductive effects. While respirators are the least satisfactory means of controlling your exposure, they are capable of providing significant protection when properly chosen, fitted, worn, cleaned, and maintained and are replaced when they stop providing adequate protection. 

Your employer is required to select respirators from the types listed in the respiratory protection subsection of the standard. Any respirator chosen must be approved by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) under the provisions of 42 CFR part 84. The respirator selection table will enable your Written Protocols For Lead Abatement employer to choose a type of respirator which will give you proper protection based on your airborne lead exposure. 

Your employer may select a type of Written Protocols For Lead Abatement respirator that provides greater protection than that required by the standard; that is, one recommended for a higher concentration of lead than that to which you are exposed. An air purifying respirator is any respirator which has a filter, cartridge or canister which cleans the work room air as you breathe it. 

The typical air purifying respirator is a negative pressure respirator because it requires the force of your inhalation to draw air through the filtering element. It is less protective than a powered air purifying respirator (PAPR) which also has a filter, cartridge or canister to clean the air, Written Protocols For Lead Abatement but a power source which continuously blows filtered air into your breathing zone. 

Your employer might make a PAPR available to you to ease the burden of having to wear a negative pressure air purifying respirator for long periods of time. The standard provides that you can obtain a PAPR upon request. Supplied-air respirators are also available which, as the name implies, Written Protocols For Lead Abatement are respirators to which breathing quality air is supplied from a source such as an air compressor, blower or compressed air cylinder. 

Three types of supplied air respirators are available: demand, pressure demand, Written Protocols For Lead Abatement and continuous flow. The demand-type requires the force of inhalation to open a diaphragm valve thus admitting air from the supply source. 

As any leakage around the facepiece will permit the concurrent admission of contaminated air, Written Protocols For Lead Abatement the demand-type only provides protection generally equivalent to that of the typical negative pressure air purifying respirator of the same facepiece type. Greater protection is provided by either the pressure-demand or continuous-flow types as positive air pressure exists within the respirator at all times. 

Your employer must also start a Respiratory Protection Program in accordance with General Industry Safety Order 5144. This program must include written procedures for the proper selection, use, cleaning, storage, Written Protocols For Lead Abatement and maintenance of respirators. Your employer must assure that your respirator facepiece fits properly. 

Proper fit of a respirator facepiece is critical and no single facepiece fits all facial configurations equally well. Obtaining a proper fit thus may require your employer to make available two or three different mask types in order that facepiece leakage is minimized for each employee. In order to assure that your respirator fits properly Written Protocols For Lead Abatement and that facepiece leakage is minimized, your employer must give you either a "quantitative or qualitative fit test” as specified in Appendix A of Section 5144, Respiratory Protection. 

You must also receive from your employer proper training in the use of respirators. Your employer is required to teach you how to wear a respirator, to know why it is needed, Written Protocols For Lead Abatement and to understand its limitations. The standard provides that if your respirator uses filter elements, you must be given an opportunity to change the filter elements whenever an increase in breathing resistance is detected. 

You also must be permitted to periodically leave your work area to wash your face and respirator facepiece whenever necessary to prevent skin irritation. If you ever have difficulty in breathing during a fit test or while using a respirator, Written Protocols For Lead Abatement your employer must make a medical examination available to you to determine whether you can safely wear a respirator. The result of this examination may be to give you a positive pressure respirator (which reduces breathing resistance) or to provide alternative means of protection.

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