Lead Paint Removal >> How To Test For Lead Paint

The measurement of your blood lead level(BLL) is the most useful indicator of the amount of lead being absorbed by your body. Blood lead levels are most often reported in units of milligrams (mg) or micrograms (µg) of lead (1 mg = 1,000 µg) per 100 grams (100 g), 100 milliliters (100 ml) or How To Test For Lead Paint deciliter(dl) of blood. 

These three units are essentially the same. Sometimes BLLs are expressed in the form of mg% or µg%. This is a shorthand notation for 100 g, 100 ml, or dl.(References to BLL measurements in this standard are expressed in the form of µg/dl.) BLL measurements show the amount of lead circulating in your blood stream, How To Test For Lead Paint but do not give any information about the amount of lead stored in your various tissues. 

BLL measurements merely show current absorption of lead, not the effect that lead is having on your body or How To Test For Lead Paint the effects that past lead exposure may have already caused. Past research into lead related diseases, however, has focused heavily on associations between BLLs and various diseases. As a result, your BLL is an important indicator of the likelihood that you will gradually acquire a lead related health impairment or disease. 

Once your blood lead level climbs above 40 µg/dl, your risk of disease increases. There is a wide variability of individual response to lead, How To Test For Lead Paint thus it is difficult to say that a particular BLL in a given person will cause a particular effect. Studies have associated fatal encephalopathy with BLLs as low as 150 µg/dl. 

Other studies have shown other forms of diseases in some workers with BLLs well below 80 µg/dl. Your BLL is a crucial indicator of the risks to your health, How To Test For Lead Paint but one other factor is also extremely important. This factor is the length of time you have had elevated BLLs. The longer you have an elevated BLL, the greater the risk that large quantities of lead are being gradually stored in your organs and tissues (body burden). 

The greater your overall body burden, How To Test For Lead Paint the greater the chances of substantial permanent damage. The best way to prevent all forms of lead related impairments and diseases—both short term and long term—is to maintain your BLL below 40 µg/dl. The provisions of the standard are designed with this end in mind. 

Your employer has prime responsibility to assure that the provisions of the standard are complied with both by the company and by individual workers. You, as a worker, however, How To Test For Lead Paint also have a responsibility to assist your employer in complying with the standard. 

You can play a key role in protecting your own health by learning about the lead hazards and their control, How To Test For Lead Paint learning what the standard requires, following the standard where it governs your own actions, and seeing that your employer complies with provisions governing his or her actions. (4) Reporting signs and symptoms of health problems. 

You should immediately notify your employer if you develop signs or symptoms associated with lead poisoning  or How To Test For Lead Paint if you desire medical advice concerning the effects of current or past exposure to lead or your ability to have a healthy child. You should also notify your employerif you have difficulty breathing during a respiratorfit test or while wearing a respirator.

In each of these cases, your employer must make available to you appropriate medical examinations or How To Test For Lead Paint consultations. These must be provided at no cost to you and at a reasonable time and place. The standard contains a procedure whereby you can obtain a second opinion by a physician of your choice if your employer selected the initial physician. 

The standard sets a permissible exposure limit (PEL) of 50 micrograms of lead per cubic meter of air(50 µg/m3), averaged over an 8-hour workday which is referred to as a time-weighted average (TWA). This is the highest How To Test For Lead Paint level of lead in air to which you may be permissibly exposed over an 8-hour workday. 

However, since this is an 8-hour average, short exposures above the PEL are permitted so long as for each 8-hour work day your average exposure does not exceed this level. This standard, however, How To Test For Lead Paint takes into account the fact that your daily exposure to lead can extend beyond a typical 8-hour workday as the result of overtime or other alterations in your work schedule. 

To deal with this situation, How To Test For Lead Paint the standard contains a formula which reduces your permissible exposure when you are exposed more than 8 hours. For example, if you are exposed to lead for 10 hours a day, the maximum permitted average exposure would be 40 µg/m3. II. Exposure Assessment—subsection (d) 

If lead is present in your workplace in any quantity, your employeris required to make an initial determination of whether any employee's exposure to lead exceeds the action level (30 µg/m3 averaged over an 8-hour day). Employee exposure is that exposure which would occur How To Test For Lead Paint if the employee were not using a respirator. 

This initial determination requires your employerto monitor workers' exposures unless he or she has objective data which can demonstrate conclusively that no employee will be exposed to lead in excess of the action level. Where objective data is used in lieu of actual monitoring the employer must establish and How To Test For Lead Paint maintain an accurate record, documenting its relevancy in assessing exposure levels for current job conditions.

If such objective data is available, How To Test For Lead Paint the employer need proceed no further on employee exposure assessment until such time that conditions have changed and the determination is no longer valid. Objective data for surfaces and materials thatis less than 0.06% lead dry weight(600 ppm) is indicative of materials that will not give lead concentrations above the action level. 

Lead analysis must be performed for each unique surface coating or material. Surface coating or material objective data cannot be used to replace air monitoring for exposure assessments required forthe lead-related tasks listed in subsection (d)(2). Objective data may be compiled from various sources; e.g., insurance companies How To Test For Lead Paint and trade associations and information from suppliers or exposure data collected from similar operations. 

Objective data may also comprise previously collected sampling data including area monitoring. If it cannot be determined through using objective data that worker exposure is less than the action level, your employer must conduct monitoring or How To Test For Lead Paint mustrely on relevant previous personal sampling, if available.

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