Lead Paint Removal >> Contractors Information On Lead Paint Removal

Contractors were told that they needed to (a) begin to use safer equipment such as HEPA-filtered vacuums (high efficiency particulate air) (engineering controls); (b) change certain high-risk work practices, such as uncontrolled power sanding on lead paint (behavioral change); and Contractors Information On Lead Paint Removal (c) ensure that their employees were properly trained to work in a lead-safe manner (administrative change). 

Within the four-level evaluation of training framework of reaction, learning, behavior, and results (Kirkpatrick, 1994), this effort was targeted at the behavioral and Contractors Information On Lead Paint Removal results levels. The training itself utilized a motivational approach that discussed, in plain language, the public health, regulatory, liability, and marketability aspects of lead-safe painting and remodeling work. 

We de-emphasized the regulatory and technical language, while emphasizing why lead safety was good for their business and something they could adopt and manage. We discussed a prioritization scheme for implementing a lead safety program, that is, taking a step wise, Contractors Information On Lead Paint Removal staggered-over-time approach toward making their business lead-safe. 

We encouraged contractors to adopt the 3C's of best work practices—to contain, control, and clean up lead paint hazards to protect themselves, their employees, their employees' families, and Contractors Information On Lead Paint Removal the building occupants. Additional responsibilities under the OSHA construction lead standard were also covered. 

A painting contractor served as a peer educator to share his experience with implementing a lead safety program. He emphasized that the average small business owner can protect his or her workers and the public from lead hazards and still run a profitable business. In fact, Contractors Information On Lead Paint Removal he described how his business and services had grown because he had built a professional reputation as a lead-safe painting contractor. 

He played a crucial role in establishing the credibility and Contractors Information On Lead Paint Removal "do-ability" of lead safe contracting. The ability to convince the audience of the feasibility (best practices and economic viability) of lead-safe contracting, and to motivate them to adopt new safer practices, would have been substantially compromised without the participation of a peer contractor. 

If only program staff had conducted the training, we would have had a much more negative response from the audience, and the critical motivational message would have been lost. Contractors received handouts, Contractors Information On Lead Paint Removal a contractor's lead safety manual; employee tailgate training materials in English, Spanish, and Chinese; an English/Spanish bilingual lead safety video; and a contractor liability video. 

They also received information and Contractors Information On Lead Paint Removal sample materials on the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency 406(b) lead notification rule, which requires that painting and remodeling contractors, prior to commencing work, notify homeowners and tenants of pre-1978 houses and apartments about the hazards of lead-based paint. 

Ultimately, we conducted 34 half-day lead safety awareness training seminars throughout California for small painting and remodeling contractors, Contractors Information On Lead Paint Removal which were attended by 1,462 participants including 1,138 contractors. EVALUATION Formative Evaluation Seminar attendees provided immediate feedback to project staff and outside trainers through a written evaluation form and oral discussion at the end of each seminar. 

OLPPP staff, the outside trainers, and some stakeholders continued to meet periodically to assess the seminars and Contractors Information On Lead Paint Removal revise the content and approach. Written evaluations from 10 of the earlier seminars found that 87% of contractor attendees said the information was "very helpful," 13% said it was "somewhat helpful," and none said it was "not so helpful." 

Initial Impact Evaluation Because the goal of the seminars was to prevent lead exposure to workers and Contractors Information On Lead Paint Removal building occupants through changes contractors implement after receiving the information about lead safety, the earlier-mentioned seminar evaluation form asked them a question regarding their intentions: 

"What lead safety changes do you think you will make in your business?" Many contractors responded with concrete actions they intended to take, Contractors Information On Lead Paint Removal including the following: "Begin to develop policies, procedures, and safer work practices company-wide." "Adopt entire safety program and use as a marketing approach." 

"All the necessary changes to ensure safety of employees Contractors Information On Lead Paint Removal and customers." "Will definitely get employees aware of the health hazards of lead in buildings and housing." "Test for lead before starting a job where sanding is necessary." "Get one crew certified for any lead-based [paint] job we may do." "Use respirators, not cotton masks." 

"Start a medical surveillance program." "Get HEPA vacuums and Contractors Information On Lead Paint Removal power tools." [to clean up contamination/reduce dust generation] "Improve on housekeeping techniques to contain lead contamination." "Educate customers on the importance of lead safety and hazards in their homes." "We will make it a priority to learn more about lead safety." 

After completion of the first 22 seminars, Contractors Information On Lead Paint Removal an impact evaluation was conducted in the fall of 1998 through a telephone survey of contractors who attended one of 18 seminars from October 1996 to May 1998. (Contractors attending the four seminars before October 1996 were excluded due to recall concerns.) 

The telephone survey consisted of the following steps: 1. A list of contractors attending 18 seminars between October 1996 and May 1998 was generated from a database of all attendees by selecting only those Contractors Information On Lead Paint Removal individuals that identified themselves as a contractor. The total number of contractor attendees during this time period was 533 individuals. 

2. The target number of interviews from each seminar was calculated. The goal of the survey was to obtain 100 completed interviews from the 533 contractor attendees. To ensure that the survey included contractors from each of the 18 seminars, Contractors Information On Lead Paint Removal a proportional-to-size sampling strategy was used. The following equation was used to calculate the number of interviews from each seminar. 

Target number = ni / 533 — 100 ni = number of contractors at a given seminar. By sampling one or more contractors from each of the seminars, we hoped to obtain results that reflected the regional diversity of our target audience (see Table 1). 3. A Contractors Information On Lead Paint Removal contact list for each seminar was generated. The contact list included the name, company, address, and telephone number of every contractor attendee. 

Contractor attendees were contacted by phone, and the survey was administered. 4. OLPPP staff called through each contact list until the target number of interviews for each seminar was completed or Contractors Information On Lead Paint Removal the list was exhausted. We collected 85 valid telephone interviews. The findings appear in Table 2.

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