Mold Remediation >> Information About Mold

What are molds? Molds are microscopic organisms that live on plant or animal matter. They aid in the break down of dead material and recycle nutrients in the environment. Present virtually everywhere, they can be found growing on organic material such as soil, foods, and plant matter. In order to reproduce, molds produce spores, which spread through air, water, Information About Mold or by insects. 

These spores act like seeds and can form new mold growth if the conditions are right. Why do molds grow? Mold will grow and multiply under the right conditions, needing only sufficient moisture (e.g., in the form of very high humidity, condensation, Information About Mold or water from a leaking pipe, etc.), and organic material (e.g., ceiling tile, drywall, paper, or natural fiber carpet padding). 

Can mold become a problem in my home? Mold growth may occur in your home if there is sufficient moisture because mold spores are everywhere. Be on the lookout for these common sources of moisture: Flooding Roof leaks Plumbing leaks, Information About Mold drainage problems Damp basements and crawl spaces Steam from the bathroom or kitchen 

Condensation resulting from poor or improper insulation or ventilation Humidifiers Wet clothes drying inside the home Information About Mold or a clothes dryer venting indoors Poor or improper ventilation of combustion appliances Indications of a moisture problem may include discoloration of the ceiling or walls, warping of the floor, or condensation on the walls or windows. 

The key to preventing mold growth is to control all moisture problems. Should I be concerned about mold in my home? Mold can be a concern in the home and should not be allowed to grow. Extensive mold contamination may cause health problems Information About Mold as well as damage to the home. Can mold make my family sick? Exposure to mold can cause health effects in some people. 

The most common effects are allergic responses from breathing mold spores. These allergic responses include hay fever or asthma Information About Mold and irritation of the eyes, nose, throat or lungs. We usually cannot say how much mold is too much as our reactions to allergens can vary greatly depending on individual sensitivity. 

Allergic responses can come from exposure to dead as well as to living mold spores. Therefore, Information About Mold killing mold with bleach and or other disinfectants may not prevent allergic responses. Less common effects of mold exposure include infections and toxic effects. Serious infections from living molds are relatively rare and occur mainly in people with severely suppressed immune systems. 

Many types of molds may produce toxins but only under certain growth conditions. Toxic effects have been reported from eating moldy grain, Information About Mold but evidence is weak that breathing mold spores in buildings causes toxic effects. What are common symptoms of mold exposure? Allergy and irritation are the most common symptoms of mold exposure. 

Although symptoms will vary, the most common symptoms seen in people exposed to mold indoors include: Nasal Information About Mold and sinus congestion Eye irritation, such as itchy, red, watery eyes Respiratory problems, such as wheezing and difficulty breathing Cough Throat irritation Skin irritation, such as a rash Headache 

Who is most at risk for health problems from mold exposure? Exposure to high amounts of mold is not healthy for anyone, so obvious mold growth in the home should be cleaned up. However, Information About Mold some individuals may be more susceptible to health problems from mold exposure. These include: Individuals with current respiratory sensitivities (e.g., allergies, asthma, or emphysema) 

Individuals with a compromised immune system (e.g., HIV/AIDS infection, organ transplant patients, Information About Mold or chemotherapy patients) Are some molds more harmful than others? Any extensive indoor mold growth should be treated as a potential health concern and removed as soon as practical no matter what species of mold is present. 

Identify and correct the source of moisture so that mold will not grow back. How do I know if I have a mold problem? A mold problem can usually be seen or smelled. Mold growth may often appear as slightly furry, discolored, Information About Mold or slimy patches that increase in size as they grow. Molds also produce a musty odor that may be the first indication of a problem. 

The best way to find mold is to examine areas for visible signs of mold growth, water staining, or follow your nose to the source of the odor. If you can see or smell mold, you can assume you have a mold problem. Other clues include excess moisture Information About Mold and water damage. It may be necessary to look behind and underneath surfaces, such as carpets, wallpaper, cabinets, and walls. 

There are some areas of the home that are always susceptible to mold growth and should be part of routine cleaning to keep them under control. They are seldom the cause of significant health effects. These are: The seal on the refrigerator door Shower curtains Window moldings Shower stalls and Information About Mold bathroom tiles Surfaces on and around air conditioners 

Should I have my home tested for mold? Sampling can be expensive. The results are also difficult to interpret partially because we have very limited information about what level of mold exposure is associated with health effects. In some cases, Information About Mold knowing the type of mold that is present can be helpful, but for most cases, sampling is unnecessary. 

Overall, the best practice regardless of the type or amount of mold is to promptly clean up any mold growth in your home Information About Mold and to correct the water problem that caused it. Cleaning Up Mold: How to get rid of it 1. The first step to mold cleanup is to control the moisture problem. The source of the water must be identified and corrected. 

Porous materials with extensive mold growth should be discarded (e.g., drywall, carpeting, paper, and ceiling tiles). 3. All wet materials must be thoroughly dried. If that is not possible, Information About Mold they should be discarded. 4. Mold growing on hard surfaces (e.g. wood and concrete) can be cleaned. Small areas can be scrubbed with a cleaning rag wetted with diluted detergent. 

Rubber gloves and a dust mask are recommended for jobs other than routine cleaning. For a large mold problem or if you are highly sensitive to mold, Information About Mold an experienced professional should do the work. 5. In areas where it is impractical to eliminate the moisture source, a 10% bleach solution can be used to keep mold growth under control. 

In areas that can be kept dry, bleach is not necessary, as mold cannot grow in the absence of moisture. When using bleach, ensure that enough fresh air is available because bleach may cause eye, nose, Information About Mold or throat irritation. 6. Continue to monitor the area for new mold growth and signs of moisture. This may indicate the need for further repairs or material removal. 

Additional clean up guidance available at: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency: Indoor Air - Mold New York City Department of Health & Mental Hygiene, Bureau of Environmental & Occupational Disease: Epidemiology Guidelines on Assessment and Remediation of Fungi in Indoor Environments References: Center for Disease Control - National Center for Environmental Health: Mold Website Minnesota Department of Health

Environmental Health in Minnesota: Mold and Moisture in Homes California Department of Health Services: Mold in My Home--What do I do? New York City Department of Health & Mental Hygiene - Bureau of Environmental & Occupational Disease Epidemiology: Facts about Mold

Raw Sewage Is A Major Health Hazard

The City of Decatur has a sewer user fee that was established in April 1998. The sewer user fee was set at a rate of $0.34 per one hundred cubic feet of water used for residential, commercial, and light industrial users. The City also has a rate of $0.45 per one hundred cubic feet for water that is   read more..

How Do Radon Detectors Work

Enter the RPP Device Code(s) of the reading/analysis system you use to read the device listed in Section 3.1. If your reading/analysis system is self-contained or made up of a group of components listed under one brand/model/type, please use Checklist #2 to determine the five-digit device code assoc  read more..

Mold Allergy Symptoms

Due to excessive rainfall this winter many Californians are experiencing increased exposure to indoor microorganisms. Several fungal species capable of producing toxic substances have been found in water-damaged California homes and offices. This article provides information about potential health e  read more..

How To Remove Smoke Odor

Identification and Preparation of Cleaner Air Shelters for Protection of the Public from Wildfire Smoke 1. Identify one or more facilities with tight-sealing windows and doors and public access (for example, public schools, fire stations, or hospitals). As a rule of thumb, Smoke Damage How To Remove Smoke Odor newer build  read more..

Lead Paint Exposure Registry In California

Legislation in 1986 created a statewide system for tracking lead poisoning cases in children and adults in California (California Health and Safety Code Section 124130). Laboratories are required to report electronically all blood lead levels (BLLs) for persons tested Lead Paint Removal Lead Paint Exposure Registry In California in California to  read more..

Radon Mitigation

Why is radon the public health risk that it is? EPA estimates that about 20,000 lung cancer deaths each year in the U.S. are radon -related. Exposure to radon is the second leading cause of lung cancer after smoking. Radon Mitigation Radon Mitigation is an odorless, tasteless and invisible gas produced by the decay of natural  read more..

Lead Paint Poisoning In Children

Physical examination should emphasize the neurological, gastrointestinal, and cardiovascular systems. The worker's weight and blood pressure should be recorded and the oral mucosa checked for pigmentation characteristic of a possible Burtonian or lead line on the gingiva.It should be noted, however,  read more..

If Water Pipe Breaks

PREVENTING OR THAWING FROZEN WATER PIPES Frozen water pipes aren't life threatening, however frozen or broken water pipes do cause damage to homes each winter. If pipes in the walls aren't properly insulated, they can freeze and rupture. (An 1/8-inch crack in a pipe can release up to 250 gallons of   read more..

Dehumidification

Whether it is on a concrete slab or on piers, check to see that the building’s structure has not shifted on its foundation. Flood damaged wooden floors, if they do not warp or buckle, will sometimes push the walls outward at the base. Check for cracks in your masonry. Look near the  read more..

How To Remove Lead Paint From Wood

There are several ways to remove lead-based paints: Wire brushing or wet hand scraping with the aid of a non-flammable solvent or abrasive compound. Liquid paint removers can be used on small areas, such as windowsills, doors and woodwork. Read and follow the manufacturer's instructions and warning   read more..