Wind Damage >> Secure Your Roof Against Hurricane Winds

During a hurricane, homes may be damaged or destroyed by high winds and high waves. Debris can break windows and doors, allowing high winds inside the home. In extreme storms, such as Hurricane Andrew, Secure Your Roof Against Hurricane Winds the force of the wind alone can cause weak places in your home to fail. 

After Hurricane Andrew, a team of experts examined homes that had failed and ones that had survived. They found four areas that should be checked for weakness—the roof, windows, Secure Your Roof Against Hurricane Winds doors, and if you have one, garage door. In this brochure, we discuss some things you can do to help make your home stronger before the next hurricane strikes. 

You may need to make some improvements or install temporary wind protection. It is important that you do these projects now, before a hurricane threatens. While these projects, if done correctly, Secure Your Roof Against Hurricane Winds can make your home safer during a hurricane, they are no guarantee that your home won't be damaged or even destroyed. 

If you are told by authorities to evacuate, do so immediately, even if you have taken these precautions. The Roof During a windstorm, Secure Your Roof Against Hurricane Winds the force of the wind pushes against the outside of your home. That force is passed along from your roof to the exterior walls and finally to the foundation. 

Homes can be damaged or destroyed when the energy from the wind is not properly transferred to the ground. The first thing you should do is determine what type of roof you have. Homes with gabled roofs are more likely to suffer damage during a hurricane. A gabled roof looks like an A on the ends, Secure Your Roof Against Hurricane Winds with the outside wall going to the top of the roof (see Figure 1). 

The end wall of a home with a gabled roof takes a beating during a hurricane, and those that are not properly braced can collapse, causing major damage to the roof. In most homes, Secure Your Roof Against Hurricane Winds gabled roofs are built using manufactured trusses. Sheets of roof sheathing, often plywood, are fastened to the trusses with nails or staples, and roofing material is fastened to the sheathing. 

In many cases, the only thing holding the trusses in place is the plywood on top. This may not be enough to hold the roof in place during a hurricane. Installing additional truss bracing makes your roof's truss system much stronger. To inspect your roof's bracing, Secure Your Roof Against Hurricane Winds go into the attic. 

While working in your attic, you should wear clothing that covers your skin, work gloves, a hat, eye protection, and a dust mask. If your attic does not have a floor, Secure Your Roof Against Hurricane Winds be careful to walk only on the wood joists, or install boards wide enough to walk on as you work. Notice how the plywood is attached to the truss system. 

If most of the large nails or staples coming through the sheathing have missed the trusses, consider having the sheathing properly installed. Truss bracing In gabled roofs, Secure Your Roof Against Hurricane Winds truss bracing usually consists of 2X4s that run the length of the roof. If you do not have truss bracing, it should be installed. You can do this yourself or hire a professional. 

Install 2X4s the length of your roof, overlapping the ends of the 2X4s across two trusses (see Figure 2). Braces should be installed 18 inches from the ridge, in the center span, and at the base, Secure Your Roof Against Hurricane Winds with 8 to 10 feet between the braces. Use two 3-inch, 14-gauge wood screws or two 16d (16 penny) galvanized common nails at each truss. 

Because space in attics is generally limited, Secure Your Roof Against Hurricane Winds screws may be easier to install. Gable end bracing Gable end bracing consists of 2X4s placed in an "X" pattern from the top center of the gable to the bottom center brace of the fourth truss, and from the bottom center of the gable to the top center brace of the fourth truss (see Figure 3). 

Use two 3-inch, 14-gauge wood screws or two 16d galvanized common nails to attach the 2X4s to the gable and to each of the four trusses. Hurricane straps There are many types of roof design. Regardless of your type of roof, Secure Your Roof Against Hurricane Winds hurricane straps are designed to help hold your roof to the walls. 

While you are in the attic, Secure Your Roof Against Hurricane Winds inspect for hurricane straps of galvanized metal (see Figure 4). Hurricane straps may be difficult for homeowners to install. You may need to call a professional to retrofit your home with hurricane straps. Check with your local government building officials to see if hurricane straps are required in your area. 

Exterior Doors and Windows The exterior walls, doors, and windows are the protective shell of your home. If your home's protective shell is broken, high winds can enter and put pressure on your roof and walls, Secure Your Roof Against Hurricane Winds causing damage. You can protect your home by strengthening the doors and windows. Double entry doors 

Most double doors have an active and an inactive or fixed door (see Figure 5). Check to see how the fixed door is secured at the top and bottom. The bolts or Secure Your Roof Against Hurricane Winds pins that secure most doors are not strong enough. Some door manufacturers provide reinforcing bolt kits made specifically for their doors. 

Check with your local building supplies retailer to find out what type of bolt system will work for your door. The door bolt materials should cost from $10 to $40, Secure Your Roof Against Hurricane Winds depending on the type and finish. Doors with windows will need additional protection from flying debris. See the section on storm shutters for how to protect windows. 

Double-wide garage doors Double-wide (two-car) garage doors can pose a problem during hurricanes because they are so large that they wobble as the high winds blow and can pull out of their tracks or collapse from wind pressure. If garage doors fail, Secure Your Roof Against Hurricane Winds high winds can enter your home through the garage and blow out doors, windows, walls, and even the roof.

Water Damage Electronic Restoration Classes

When candidate plug or receptacle D-subminiature, microminiature or printed circuit connectors are submitted for qualification, completely assembled mated pairs shall be used. Connectors shall have a full complement of contacts. For Level 1 qualification, three mated pairs shall be prepared. For Lev  read more..

Flood Zone Maps

Are costs of preventive measures covered under the SFIP? Some are. When an insured building is in imminent danger of being Flood Damage Flood Zone Maps, the reasonable expenses incurred by the insured for the removal of insured property to a safe location and return will be reimbursed up to $1,000, and the purchase of sand  read more..

Flood Zone Maps And Asbestos Disposal

As the flooding recedes, communities are moving from the more immediate emergency response to longer term cleanup and recovery. The Department has updated this section of its guidance to reflect the changing nature of the disaster response, and to clarify questions we have received regarding buildin  read more..

Contracting FEMA For Debris Removal

A subgrant will be prepared at the appropriate cost share to reflect the amount of debris removal work completed during each operational time frame. If the Subgrantee agrees to this alternative procedure, no costs associated with debris removal that occur after 180 days from the start ofthe inc  read more..

How Could A Sewage Backup Affect Me

Important Answers to Your Questions From Fairfax County’s Waste water Management Program Q How could a sewage backup affect me? Sewer backups result from a blockage in the county’s sanitary sewer line or Sewage Cleanup How Could A Sewage Backup Affect Me the private sewer line that connects your home to the county system. If a blockage occurs  read more..

FEMA Flood Zones

Is financial assistance available for NFIP policyholders to reduce their overall risk? Yes, FEMA offers five hazard mitigation grant programs. Some grant programs are available only to NFIP policyholders. 105. What is the Repetitive Loss Properties Strategy? The primary objective of the Repetitive L  read more..

How To Fix Water Damaged Carpet

In handling materials that are believed to be contaminated with asbestos it is recommended that, at a minimum, you wear personal protective equipment such as disposable coveralls, gloves, goggles, and most importantly, some form of respiratory protection. A basic dust mask or the N95 dust mask recom  read more..

Requirements In The State Of Tennessee For Crime S

Bloodborne Pathogens are biological agents, which may be present in human blood and can cause disease. Examples of bloodborne pathogens include the hepatitis B virus, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and the organisms, Crime Scene Cleanup Requirements In The State Of Tennessee For Crime S which cause malaria. 

  read more..

How To Get Hold Of Black Mold

Molds are a normal part of the environment, and are naturally present in both indoor and outdoor environments year round. molds are fungi, with thousands of known species, and there aremold of virtually every color. molds produce tiny cells or "spores" that spread throughout the air. These spores  read more..

How To Use Sandbags To Prevent Flooding

It is dangerous to go back intoyour home because the flood mayhave caused structural, electrical, Flood Damage How To Use Sandbags To Prevent Flooding and other hazards. After you havemade things safe, take steps to protect your home and contents fromfurther damage.

Most of the information in thissection assumes that t  read more..