Lead Paint Removal >> Lead Testing

Prior to the 1970s, house paint often contained some lead. As lead house paint ages, it could chip or crumble into dust. Subject to lead-house paint dust or chips could cause serious Lead Testing health issues. Little children and pregnant women are at higher threat. So, if you live in or own an older home, you must read this. 

You must know how to protect yourself and others from Lead Testing. There are several ways to decrease the hazards of lead-based house paint — but some ways of removing lead house paint actually might increase the danger of lead exposure. It's imperative to pick the safest way for your restoration project; the object is to decrease the hazards while making as little lead dust as possible. 

If lead house paint is on your ceilings and walls and is still in good repair, then painting them again or covering them over with wallpaper might be all that is required to keep the Lead Testing house paint in place. BUT —if the lead house paint is chipping or peeling, or if the dust is on a the surface, such as a windowsill or stair rail where little children could chew on it, then the lead house paint (or the house painted material) must be removed or at least covered. 

House painted areas that rub on each other, such as doors and windows, need special attention to stop the dust causing friction. And if the Lead Testing house paint has been damaged by other reason, such as water damage due to pipe leaks, then the underlying issue must be fixed first. During the restoration work, you might stir up dust or make fumes containing lead. 

This could be very dangerous for adults, little children and pets. Always use a technique that makes the least amount of Lead Testing dust and fumes. You should consider hiring a professional lead removal contractor with knowledge in working safely with lead removal. If you're going to do the job yourself or hire somebody else, it's YOUR duty to see that the job is done carefully. 

Little children and pregnant women must not do any lead house paint removal work, and they must stay out of the work area until the Lead Testing clean-up is complete. If you're not sure that you could clean up every day, preparations for temporary living quarters must be made. 

Work only in one room at a time, and close off the work area from the rest of the home, counting any heating or air ducts, Lead Testing using heavy durable plastic sheets at least 6-mil thick. Clean out the entire room, like the furniture, rugs, carpets, flooring, bedding, drapes, dishware, food, toys, etc. must be taken out, or at least covered with TWO sheets of heavy plastic and all the edges taped. 

Plastic sheets that are used to cover the floor must be sealed to the wall or baseboard with duct tape. Lead Testing workers must wear disposable suits, shoes, hair covering, eye goggles and a respirator approved by the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health or the Mine Safety and Health Administration. 

Approved breathing respirators will have an actual approval number on them, for example, TC-21C-xxx. 7. Only High Efficiency Particulate Air respirators will filter lead dust and Lead Testing fumes. Cheap paper or cloth dust masks will NOT shield a lead removal worker from lead dust. To avoid consuming lead, lead removal workers must not eat, drink or smoke on the job site. 

Lead paint removing workers need to clean up cautiously. Prior to leaving the work site, they must properly dispose of their protective suits, and remove any lead dust from their clothes with a High-Efficiency Particulate Air filtered dust collector. And Lead Testing workers must shower as soon as they could after leaving work, so they don't spread lead dust around their house. 

One way of decreasing exposure to lead house paint is to cover the old surface with a new surface — by putting up drywall or by covering your windowsills with vinyl or aluminum siding wrap, for example. This doesn't necessitate the removal of the lead house paint, Lead Testing so this is usually the easiest answer. 

But if the new protective surface is ever removed or damaged, the Lead Testing issue returns. Building materials used to encapsulate lead house painted surfaces must be tough and fire resistant, like gypsum board, aluminum, vinyl, plywood paneling, laminates, acrylic sheets, plexiglas, fiberglass, or tile. Little children who might have been subjected to Lead Testing house paint must have a blood test to evaluate if they have elevated lead levels. 

All little children, one and two years of age, that might have been exposed, must be examined. Other little children under six years of age, or who might have been exposed, Lead Testing must be examined if their physicians think they are in danger. 

Encapsulation is a method that bonds new materials to the existing Lead Testing house painted surface; it's a lot more than just a coat of house paint, in that the new paint is actually bonded to the lead house paint. It is also important to follow the product directions exactly to be sure that a strong, long lasting bond is made. 

This might be an excellent time to think about replacement. Often it's better to replace windows, doors, or woodwork than it is to remove the lead-based house paint. There are several ways to remove all of the lead-based house paints: Wire brushing or Lead Testing wet hand scraping with the help of a non-flammable thinner or abrasive mixture. 

Liquid house paint removers could be used on small areas, such as windowsills, doors and your woodwork. Read and follow the manufacturer's directions and read the warning labels before buying and using. It is vital for lead removal workers to use their personal protective equipment, like gloves, safety glasses and disposable suits when using some Lead Testing house paint removers. 

Only use wet hand sanding and/or an electric powered sander equipped with a HEPA filtered vacuum attachment must be used. Dry hand sanding must never be attempted. Heat stripping, is utilizing a low temperature (below 1100 degrees F) heat gun, followed by hand scraping. But, heat guns could pose a fire hazard, and make more lead dust and Lead Testing vapors, so they must be used only by skilled workers wearing HEPA respirators. 

The following techniques of house paint removal are extremely dangerous and in many areas illegal, and must NOT be used: never use open flame burning or torching; machine sanding or Lead Testing grinding without a HEPA attachment; abrasive blasting or sand blasting; water power washing without a way to trap the water and house paint chips. 

Exterior Lead Testing work must be done on calm days, and wet-misting or HEPA vacuuming must be used to control the lead paint dust and house paint chips during lead removal. The soil around the structure must be protected with heavy plastic sheets. The outside edges of the sheeting must be curled up to trap the lead dust, debris, and liquid wastes. 

All Lead Testing wastes must be properly disposed of, as explained below. Lead paint removal will make lead dust and other debris. Unless the home is properly washed, it will be more dangerous after the work than it ever was before! Every day, the lead contaminated debris must be misted with water, swept up and placed in double 4-mil or 6- mil sealable plastic bags. 

Then all Lead Testing surfaces must be wet-dusted or wet-mopped. A HEPA-equipped dust collector must be used on all exposed surfaces, like the floors, walls, ceilings, woodwork, carpeting, and furniture. DO NOT use a regular household vacuum or shop vacuum, they are not designed or outfitted to trap lead dust particles. 

Then wet-mop your Lead Testing hardwood surfaces with a mixture containing a heavy-duty commercial cleaners that are lead-specific detergents. The wet-mopping must be followed up by another HEPA thorough vacuuming. Old inexpensive rugs and carpets must be replaced and all exposed furniture, bedding, rugs, carpets, drapes, etc., that were taken out before the work must be thoroughly cleaned before being taken back in. 

Debris from lead-based house paint removal or renovation must be double-bagged and properly disposed of in limited amounts in approved landfills; lead debris can never be burned. Liquid lead exposed wastes, including wash water, Lead Testing must never be discarded onto the ground; lead exposed waste water must be sieved through a cloth filter before dumping into any sanitary sewer. 

The filtered waste could go out with the other refuse. The mop heads and cleaning cloths used to clean up the lead dust and debris must never be used for any other purpose, and must be properly disposed of when the Lead Testing is done. It is still safest not to take on lead removal on your own. Contact your local health department for additional information or for help in locating qualified lead removal contractors that are experienced in safe lead removal.

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