Smoke Damage >> Earthquake Damage

This article is on the subject of Earthquake Damage from an investigation on the education of dangerous defense techniques for water restoration companies. One important factor is to think about earthquake and earthquake caused dangers like fire and smoke. This article is concentrated on an earthquake and succeeding fire dangers. Reports from past earthquakes have shown that many times the damage caused by the succeeding fire.

  1. This kind of Earthquake Damage can be much more severe than the actual damage caused by the earthquake itself. This is very true both for a single structure and for an entire area. This article presents a review of an ongoing report on this subject by comparing both a single structure and entire regional levels. At the single structure level, a performance-based research process for structures involving earthquake and the succeeding fire is suggested. This process will consist of four different steps: danger research, physical and/or non-physical examines, Earthquake Damage research and loss research.
  2. One of the key points in this process is that physical and/or non-physical examines are recurrent because the earthquake and the succeeding fire are two different dangers happening consecutively. After the earthquake, the actual condition of the structure needs to be assessed, in which three types of damage must be thought about: Earthquake Damage to the structures, damage to fire defense of physical members and fire damage to the non-physical fire defense system. Reevaluating the fire danger is also very important because the damage to the fire defense systems might affect the progress of the fire danger. At the entire regional degree, a conservative based method for earthquake danger mitigation is being created.
  3. This Earthquake Damage technique tries to offer an option support tool for allocation and directing optimization of emergency personnel after earthquake contemplating the geographic division of lit fires and possible injuries, the locations of emergency healthcare facilities, like emergency rooms, fire stations and police station. A particular example on preferred routing for fire emergency vehicles is exemplified. In seismic regions, post-earthquake fire damage is an intimidating danger. Previous records have shown that the Earthquake Damage caused by the succeeding fire many times can be much more severe than the actual damage caused by the earthquake itself, like the 1906 San Francisco Earthquake, the 1923 Great Kanto Earthquake.
  4. The fires succeeding these two massive earthquakes ranked among the two largest cease-fire city fires. The fires following the 1906 San Francisco Earthquake demolished more than 28,000 structures within an area of 12 km2, with a calculated loss of $250 million in 1906 US dollars, and there were more than 3,000 people killed. In that particular earthquake, it is calculated that the overall loss from the post-earthquake fire damage is 10 times more than that from the actual earthquake. In the 1923 Tokyo earthquake, there were more than 140,000 people killed and 575,000 structures demolished, with 77% of them were devastated by fire. In later earthquakes, the 1995 Kobe earthquake is probably the most outstanding one. The fire ignitions resulted in many more lives lost and a massive Earthquake Damage loss.

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