Structural Drying >> Drying Techniques From Flood

The impact of Hurricane Sandy extended far beyond the structures destroyed by the storm surge. Although the water has receded and most structures have been pumped out, Drying Techniques From Flood the large number of properties that need repair means that restoration will go on for months.

Therefore, this Fact Sheet was developed to help building owners, operators, contractors, and volunteer assistance groups deal with the challenges of working in structures that were not fully cleaned and dried shortly after the flooding. Remember that when first returning to a flood-damaged building, Drying Techniques From Flood responders should follow the initial precautions and restoration steps detailed in the FEMA Recovery Advisory.

The ABC's of Returning to Flooded Buildings (Appendix E of FEMA 549, 2005). When a flooded home has not been cleaned and dried within a few weeks of the flood event, Drying Techniques From Flood mold contamination should be expected, and specific steps are needed to clean and restore the home. 

Basic cleaning Drying Techniques From Flood and drying information is presented in the FEMA Recovery Advisory Initial Restoration for Flooded Buildings(FEMA 549, 2005), which specifies five steps for post-flood building restoration, including (1) air out, (2) move out, (3) tear out, (4) clean out, and (5) dry out. 

This Fact Sheet builds on the last two of these steps and assumes that the majority of the muck-out Drying Techniques From Flood and gutting process has been completed and the home is ready for cleaning and drying.Key Issues Floodwaters carry a variety of contaminants such as bacteria, oil, heavy metals, and pesticides. 

While first responders' initial evaluations of Hurricane Sandy floodwaters indicated that exposure to such items are below current limits for safe occupancy, proper cleaning Drying Techniques From Flood and preparation for rebuilding is critical to protect workers and occupants from both short-term hazards and long-term risk.  

Other hazards are present in addition to the substances brought in with the floodwaters, especially in homes that were not dried out within a week of the flooding. Safety issues related to wet mechanical and electrical systems, Drying Techniques From Flood exposure to lead and asbestos released from building materials, and mold growth need to be addressed. 

Mold is a serious health hazard if the home is reoccupied without proper cleaning. Although a variety of products and techniques can reduce and control mold, Drying Techniques From Flood the cleaning and drying process described in this Fact Sheet also helps to remove other floodwater contaminants.Personal SafetyFlooded buildings can pose a number of health and safety risks, for both individuals who wish to maintain occupancy and those who work to repair them. 

Eliminating hazards is the best way to protect occupants and workers; however, until conditions can be returned to normal, Drying Techniques From Flood anyone working in a flooded building should use appropriate personal safety equipment and take appropriate safety precautions. 

The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Fact Sheet, Hurricane Sandy Cleanup PPE Matrix, Drying Techniques From Flood provides information on personal protective equipment (OSHA-FS-3612, 2012). Protection from electrical shock: Because of the danger of shocks and fire, electrical receptacles that were flooded should not be used to operate cleaning or drying equipment. 

An electrician should evaluate the condition of flooded components prior to use. As a rule, all flooded receptacles should be removed and replaced after the appropriate circuit breakers Drying Techniques From Flood or fuses are deactivated and the interruption of power to the receptacle confirmed. Protection from mold contamination: 

Anyone entering a house with visible mold growth should wear a disposable suit to prevent contamination of their clothes and vehicle, rubber gloves or other hand protection, Drying Techniques From Flood and respiratory protection. A disposable respirator marked with an N-95 rating (when used in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions) offers the minimum lung protection that should be used when in the presence of mold. 

A full-face respirator is recommended for mold cleaning to protect both the eyes and the respiratory system. If a full-face respirator is not used during cleaning, goggles or a face shield should be worn with the disposable respirator. The OSHA Fact Sheet, Mold Hazards During Hurricane Sandy Cleanup, Drying Techniques From Flood provides information on mold (OSHA-FS-3619, 2012). 

Protection from asbestos and lead paint: Asbestos in floor tile, pipe and boiler insulation, and electrical wiring is common in many homes built before 1980 (Figure 1). Breathing asbestos fibers released from building products can increase the risk of cancer Drying Techniques From Flood and cause a number of serious lung diseases. Similarly, paint in homes constructed prior to 1978 may contain lead. 

If lead paint is aerosolized during muck-out or gutting activities it can damage a person's health and is especially dangerous to child occupants if not cleaned up properly. If asbestos or lead paint is suspected, Drying Techniques From Flood obtain the services of a specialist to perform material testing, and do not disturb the material until testing has been completed. 

If testing confirms the presence of lead, remediation should be conducted by a licensed professional. If materials containing asbestos are present, Drying Techniques From Flood remediation must be performed in accordance with applicable State and Federal regulations.Figure 1: Mold (on wood) and asbestos (yellow arrows) hazard in flooded house Cleaning Flood-Damaged Homes 

If not already installed as part of the muck-out and gutting process, Drying Techniques From Flood plastic barriers should be set up between affected and unaffected areas of the premises (typically between the first and second floors at the base of the stairs). The barriers will reduce the potential of mold spores spreading to unaffected areas.

Because of the wide range of contaminants that can be present in floodwaters and grow on wet surfaces, all objects that came into contact with the floodwaters should be cleaned and sanitized. Generally, Drying Techniques From Flood water-damaged porous materials are difficult to properly clean and should be discarded. Selecting a Cleaner or Sanitizer

There is a wide variety of products that help eliminate mold and bacteria growth. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) registers products that are approved as a disinfectant and sanitizer for water damage restoration. It is critical to choose products registered with the EPA, Drying Techniques From Flood as they have been proven to be effective for such biological contaminants. 

For information related to registration of chemicals as antimicrobials suitable for work with mold, access the EPA's pesticide product label system (PPLS).1 EPA's Web site allows searches by chemical name, Drying Techniques From Flood manufacturer, or EPA registration number. Regardless of the chemical selected, it must be used in accordance with the label directions.

Debris Removal

In this first step, a person needs to consider the likelihood of earthquake existence, extent of the earthquake, the likelihood of fire start after the earthquake and the extent of the ignited Smoke Damage Debris Removal. An earthquake is a natural danger and which might be examined by the statistics-based method.   read more..

Should You Install A Dehumidifier In Your Crawl Sp

A building that has been flooded can be a dangerous place. This page will provide you information about cleaning up and making your home safe to live in again. See also Going Back In and Being Safe. Stay Safe while you Work.
Crawl Space Drying Should You Install A Dehumidifier In Your Crawl Sp Wear a hard hat and safety goggles when there is a danger o  read more..

How To Vent A Crawl Space In An Old House

Bleach fumes can irritate the eyes, nose, and throat. working areas are well ventilated. Properly collect and dispose extra disinfectant and runoff. Never mix bleach with ammonia; toxic fumes may be produced. Crawl Space Drying How To Vent A Crawl Space In An Old House Can air ducts become contaminated with mold? 

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How To Remove Ice Storm Debris

A grading permit from the local government may be necessary if fill material is necessary. The soil should be placed in thin lifts and compacted per local codes and standards. This action must be decided upon before the start of the debris removal process and Debris Removal How To Remove Ice Storm Debris may not be eligible for s  read more..

Hail Damage

Hurricane waves move near shore until the water becomes shallow enough to start wave breaking. The extreme breaker height in shallow water is a purpose of water depth; bottom slope; and Wind Damage Hail Damage event wave height and phase. Larger waves originally break some expanse offshore, then restore and per  read more..

How To Get A Smoke Smell Out Of Ceiling Beams Afte

Do not enter the damaged site. Check with the fire department to make sure your residence is safe. Do not cut or walk past colored tape placed over doors or windows to mark damaged areas unless local authorities advise that it is safe to do so. Remember, fires can rekindle from hidden, Smoke Damage How To Get A Smoke Smell Out Of Ceiling Beams Afte smolderi  read more..

Mold Remediation

If there has been a lot of water damage, and/or mold growth covers more than 10 square feet, consult EPA's Mold Remediation in Schools and Commercial Buildings. Although focused on schools and commercial buildings, this Water Extraction Mold Remediation article is applicable to other building types. If you choose to hire   read more..

Get Homeowner Insurance To Pay For Mold Damage

In order to limit your exposure to airborne mold spores, you may want to wear an N-95 respirator, available at many hardware stores and from companies that advertise on the Internet (they cost about $12 to $25). Some N-95 respirators resemble a paper dust mask with a nozzle on the front; others are   read more..

Can Carpet In A Flooded Basement Be Salvaged

Also, review the work of the Pat Huelman and the folks of the Cold Climate Housing Center. Pat and his peoplehave done a lot of work in this area. And he and Dick Stone do a lot of training -- Affordable Comfort, the Duluth EDC conference, etc. I don't believe any oftheir workcontradicts the in  read more..

Animal Damage

Skunks are very well-known, nocturnal residents of most of the country. The common striped skunk, is characterized by prominent, lateral white stripes that run all the way down its back. Otherwise, the skunk’s fur is jet black, the body of the adult striped skunk is about the same size o  read more..