Tenant Move Out Cleanup >> Foreclosure Cleanup

The purpose of this handbook is to provide information about the rights and obligations of tenants and landlords in Fairfax County. Laws that govern tenant-landlord relationships Foreclosure Cleanup and information about typical rental situations are presented. 

Readers are encouraged to review this information in conjunction with their lease agreement, so they are clear about their rights before a problem occurs, Foreclosure Cleanup and understand the solutions that are available if a dispute arises. This handbook is a guide. It is not intended to be a source of legal advice, or a complete authority on Virginia tenant-landlord laws, which change from time to time. 

An attorney should be consulted to fully understand and protect your legal rights. By reading this handbook, Foreclosure Cleanup it is hoped that tenants and landlords will gain a better understanding of the rental process to prevent misunderstandings, violations of lease agreements, and encourage open communication. 

Fairfax County Consumer Affairs provides information, advice, and voluntary mediation to the tenant-landlord community. Written complaints are investigated based on lease agreements and laws. By facilitating communication between tenants and landlords, Foreclosure Cleanup efforts are made to help them reach a mutually satisfactory solution to problems and disagreements through discussion, understanding, and compromise. 

While every effort is made to resolve a complaint through mediation, Consumer Affairs cannot compel a resolution. However, Foreclosure Cleanup most tenants and landlords who contact Consumer Affairs find that our services provide an efficient alternative to the often lengthy and costly court process. 

The Fairfax County Tenant Landlord Commission (Commission) represents the County's interest on tenant-landlord matters, provides information to the public on the rights and responsibilities of tenants and landlords, and recommends changes in the law. If a tenant-landlord dispute cannot be resolved through mediation, Foreclosure Cleanup it may be forwarded to the Commission for binding arbitration if both parties agree. 

The Commission’s decision is binding and can be enforced in court if necessary. As a tenant or a landlord, it is your responsibility to understand the requirements of the law, and the provisions in your lease agreement. Knowing these rights Foreclosure Cleanup and responsibilities will equip you with the knowledge you need, and prepare you to deal with issues that might occur during the rental relationship. 

This handbook is designed to supplement your lease agreement Foreclosure Cleanup and offer the information and resources you need to be an informed tenant or landlord. TENANT – LANDLORD LAWS Several laws govern relationships between tenants and landlords in Fairfax County. 

The Virginia Residential Landlord and Tenant Act (VRTLA), establishes the rights and obligations of tenants Foreclosure Cleanup and landlords in Virginia, and supersedes all leases and county ordinances. In Fairfax County, the VRLTA applies to all apartment buildings and other multi-family dwellings. 

Single family, townhouse, and condominium rental agreements, where the landlord owns Foreclosure Cleanup and rents four or less units are exempt from this act. This law is also known as Chapter 13.2 of the Code of Virginia and may be changed or amended by the Virginia General Assembly. 

Exempt rental dwellings may be covered under the VRLTA if there is a clause in the lease that states this law applies. You should review the current law for possible amendments. Only a court of law has Foreclosure Cleanup the power to enforce the VRLTA. If you are not covered by the VRLTA, you have fewer choices. The lease should state the full agreement between the tenant and landlord. 

Also, Chapter 13 – Landlord and Tenant, applies if the landlord is exempt from the VRLTA, or if there is not a lease agreement. This chapter is referred to as "common law.” The Fairfax County Code, Chapter 12, Tenant-Landlord Relations, Foreclosure Cleanup applies to rental agreements for dwelling units located within Fairfax County. 

This code requires landlords to post a sign advising tenants of the existence of the Tenant-Landlord Commission, and outlines the duties of Consumer Affairs Foreclosure Cleanup and the Tenant-Landlord Commission. The Virginia Uniform Statewide Building Code (VUSBC),Virginia Maintenance Code , establishes the minimum standards for health and safety in all dwellings occupied by a tenant and applies to all rental agreements. 

These standards are enforced by the Fairfax County Zoning Enforcement Branch, Property Maintenance Section, and the Fairfax County Health Department, Division of Environmental Health, Community Health, and Safety Section. The Fairfax County Human Rights Ordinance prohibits discrimination in housing. 

Any person who refuses to sell, lease, or sublease or rent on the basis of race, sex, religion, color, national origin, age, marital status, disability, or familial status may be discriminating. For more information, or to file a complaint regarding housing discrimination contact the Human Rights Commission. Virginia Residential Landlord and Tenant Act Rentals Covered Rentals Not Covered  

Apartments in all multi-family buildings. Condominium owner or a holder of a proprietary lease in a cooperative. Single-family houses, town homes, Foreclosure Cleanup duplex houses, or condominium units rented from landlords who own at least five rental units. Single-family residence or condominium unit where the owner owns four or less single-fan residences subject to a rental agreement.  

Landlords that are not natural persons, such as commercial businesses or business partnerships and corporations. Residents of hotels, motels, vacation cottages, or boarding house, Foreclosure Cleanup if they stay less than 30 consecutive days. Any dwelling, if the lease states that the Virginia Residential Landlord and Tenant Act apply to the lease agreement.  

Tenant who is not required to pay rent. Hotels, motels, vacation cottages and boarding houses if a tenant stays more than 31 consecutive days. Employees of a landlord who lives in the rental unit as a condition of employment or an ex-employee who lives there less than sixty days. Duplexes that share common areas such as hallways, stairs, foyers, Foreclosure Cleanup or share facilities such as heat or hot water.  

Resident of public or private medical geriatric, educational, religious, counseling, or correctional institution. Public or other housing regulated by the Department of Housing Foreclosure Cleanup and Urban Development if the regulation is inconsistent with the VRLTA. Member of a fraternal or social organization. A dwelling for sale that is occupied by a tenant who is in the process of purchasing the unit.

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