Tenant Move Out Cleanup >> How To Clean After Tenants

When the tenant moves out of a rental unit, the landlord has thirty (30) days in which to either return the entire security deposit plus interest if appropriate, or send a written statement of any deductions made from the deposit for repairs, cleaning, etc., the cost of each repair (supported by copies of appropriate receipts, How To Clean After Tenants estimates, contracts, etc.) along with the remaining amount of the deposit (RSA 540-A:7). 

The tenant needs to notify the landlord of his or her new address within 30 days of moving out. The notice must be in writing, but need not be formal.The landlord may deduct from the security deposit:Rent that is still owed; How To Clean After Tenants The tenant's share of increased real estate taxes if the lease or other written agreement permits it;

The cost of repairing damage other than normal wear and tear.Note:As you might expect, the meaning of the term "normal wear and tear" can be the subject of dispute. Crayon marks, holes in the wall, broken windows, How To Clean After Tenants battered doors and so forth probably will be called "damages." Worn carpets, worn floors, damage caused by pipes accidentally breaking or by leaking roofs probably will be called "wear and tear." 

The hardest damages to categorize are those caused by a tenant's alleged failure to adequately maintain the apartment.Example: Martha writes to her landlord's agent two months before her lease ends to state that she does not wish to renew her lease. After Martha moves her furniture out of the How To Clean After Tenants apartment, the agent for Mr. Buck, the building's owner, comes over to inspect the apartment before Martha leaves. 

The agent finds a big stain on the carpet in the dining room, some very worn spots on the linoleum in the kitchen, How To Clean After Tenants several small holes in the screen in the bedroom window, and a cracked window in the kitchen. Martha produces her copy of the inventory that she made when she moved in, showing that the carpet stain and holes in the screen existed when she moved in. 

Both Martha and the agent agree that the worn linoleum is normal wear-and-tear. The agent does inform Martha that the cost of replacing the cracked window pane in the kitchen will be deducted from her security deposit.Three weeks after Martha moves out, How To Clean After Tenants she receives a check from Mr. Buck. 

The check is for the amount of her security deposit, plus the interest earned on the deposit, How To Clean After Tenants minus the cost of replacing the cracked kitchen window. Attached to the check is an itemized statement of the cost of the window and the amount of interest. Evictions New Hampshire has a special process for eviction. 

No landlord can lawfully evict a tenant without following the steps set out by state law (RSA 540). A tenant can be evicted for violating the lease. If the tenant has no written lease, she or he can be evicted for a variety of reasons. In New Hampshire, How To Clean After Tenants tenants renting part of a privately owned and owner-occupied home can be evicted for almost any reason.

In New Hampshire, there are five "good" causes for eviction:Failure to pay the rent;Substantial damage to the premises;Behavior that affects the health and safety of others;Violation of the lease; How To Clean After Tenants Other good cause."Other good cause" may include legitimate business reasons of the landlord. 

If, however, the "other" cause is something that the tenant did or did not do, then the landlord must first give the tenant a written warning that in the future the action or inaction will be grounds for eviction.The tenant can reverse the order for eviction in the first three causes by "remedying" the situation, that is, paying the rent, How To Clean After Tenants repairing the damage, and so forth.

A landlord can legally evict a tenant only by sending a written notice to the tenant. This written notice must be in the form of a "written notice to quit or leave" which is a legal document. Eviction for not paying rent, damages to the property or How To Clean After Tenants danger to the health or safety of others require seven days' notice. 

All other grounds for eviction require 30 days' notice.In the case where a tenant has not paid rent, How To Clean After Tenants the landlord must make a written demand for payment of the money before issuing the notice-to-quit. The notice-to-quit for nonpayment of rent must explain the tenant's right to defeat eviction by paying the rent owed plus $15 before the last day of the notice-to-quit (RSA 540:3, IV). 

If the payment is made, then eviction for nonpayment of rent is no longer possible (RSA 540:2-5, 9). However, tenants can only avoid eviction by "curing nonpayment" three times during one calendar year.The landlord may NOT break into the dwelling, How To Clean After Tenants may NOT move a tenant's belongings out, and may NOT turn off the heat and utilities. 

The sheriff is the only person who may remove property from the premises and How To Clean After Tenants this can be done only after the landlord has been awarded a court judgment called a "writ of possession" (RSA 540-A:3, III-IV).

A landlord cannot evict a tenant for reporting a building or housing code violation to the authorities, lawfully withholding rent, filing a complaint in court asking for an order to stop certain practices, How To Clean After Tenants or meeting with or organizing other tenants (RSA 540:13-A).Example: Petey rents an apartment from Mr. Buck in a large complex. 

Petey has not paid his rent for the last three months, How To Clean After Tenants although Mr. Buck's agent has sent Petey several reminder notices. Mr. Buck decides that he is going to have to start eviction proceedings against Petey for nonpayment of rent. Mr. Buck sends a letter demanding that Petey pay his overdue rent within two weeks or Mr. Buck will have Petey evicted. 

Petey does not respond to the letter. Mr. Buck issues a notice-to-quit which informs Petey that he has to pay the rent owned plus $15 within seven days or How To Clean After Tenants he will be evicted. Petey does not respond.Mr. Buck files a landlord-tenant complaint in court to start the eviction proceedings. At the court hearing, Petey tells the judge that he can't pay his rent, and that he won't pay his rent. 

Mr. Buck is issued a "writ of possession" and How To Clean After Tenants has a deputy sheriff execute the writ to remove Petey from the apartment. Petey finally removes his belongings from the apartment under the watchful eye of the deputy.Points to Remember Read the lease very carefully before you sign. Make special note of clauses which outline what you are responsible for and what your landlord is responsible for.

Note any clauses that limit what you can or cannot do in the unit and that limit who can live in the unit (including pets).All changes to the printed lease should be made in writing on the lease and initialed by both you How To Clean After Tenants and the landlord.Anything that you pay to a landlord in excess of one month's rent is a security deposit. 

In New Hampshire, How To Clean After Tenants a landlord can require no more than $100 or one month's rent as a security deposit.The landlord must give you a receipt for your security deposit. The following information must be given on that receipt:The name of the bank where the deposit is being heldora statement that the landlord has paid a security bond with the town/city clerk;

A statement that you have 5 days in which to give the landlord a copy of a list of damages in the rental unit when you moved in.Make an inventory of pre-existing damages in the unit How To Clean After Tenants and send a copy to your landlord. Keep a copy of the inventory with your copy of the lease.If a landlord fails to provide adequate heat, water or other utilities, you can file a petition in district court to force the landlord to provide these services.

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