Tenant Move Out Cleanup >> How To Clean Out A Trashed Rental House

Renting, Security Deposits, and Evictions Leases are important legal documents governing the rights and duties of renters of any type of housing. Leases are usually prepared by landlords. The terms of the lease, therefore, are often written in the landlord's favor. A prospective tenant How To Clean Out A Trashed Rental House needs to read the lease carefully before signing it. 

A lease is a legally binding contract so the tenant must understand and agree with the terms of the lease. A prospective tenant should find out who pays for the hot water, utilities, parking, snow removal, trash removal, and other costs before the lease is signed. If the landlord and tenant agree to change anything in the printed lease, How To Clean Out A Trashed Rental House the change should be made in writing and both tenant and landlord should put their initials beside the change. 

All promises to make repairs to the leased property should be made in writing. Keep a copy of the lease so that you can refer to it if a problem arises. New Hampshire law requires that the landlord give a copy of the lease to the tenant within 30 days after the signing. Tenants should always get receipts for How To Clean Out A Trashed Rental House what they pay to the landlord (although canceled checks often are adequate to prove payment).

Beware of "waivers" in a lease in which the tenant gives up rights under certain conditions. For instance, How To Clean Out A Trashed Rental House an automatic renewal clause renews an expired lease automatically unless you notify the landlord in writing that you do not intend to renew the lease. The maximum occupancy clause limits the number of people who can live in the apartment. 

A landlord can also include a clause to force a mid-lease rent increase if property taxes are increased.The LawNew Hampshire's law on security deposits (RSA 540-A) defines a security deposit as any money that a tenant gives to his or her landlord other than the monthly rental payment. The name given to the payment - cleaning deposit, How To Clean Out A Trashed Rental House last month's rent in advance, etc. - does not matter. 

The amount is a "security deposit" if it is anything other than the monthly rent.In New Hampshire, a landlord who owns more than six units can ask for no more than one month's rent or $100, whichever is larger, as a security deposit. The landlord must keep security deposits in a special escrow account or How To Clean Out A Trashed Rental House post a bond with the local municipality to secure repayment.

The tenant is entitled to a receipt for the deposit. The receipt must indicate the bank in which the deposit is being held, or state that there is a bond posted with the town clerk, and must state that the tenant has five (5) days to give the landlord a list of defects How To Clean Out A Trashed Rental House and damages in the apartment when she or he moved in. 

If the security deposit is held for more than 12 months, the landlord must pay at least the amount of interest she or he has actually earned on the money.Example:Martha signs a 2-year lease agreement to rent an apartment in one of the large apartment complexes owned by Mr. Buck. Martha pays her security deposit, equivalent to one month's rent, How To Clean Out A Trashed Rental House when she signs the lease. 

Mr. Buck's agent gives her a receipt indicating that the security deposit funds are held in an account at the 2nd National Bank in Concord.Martha moves into her new apartment on the first of the month How To Clean Out A Trashed Rental House and before her friends help her move her furniture in, she goes through the unit looking for preexisting damages. 

She finds a big stain on the carpet in the dining area, along with some slightly worn spots on the linoleum in the kitchen, and a couple of small holes in the bedroom window screen. When she finishes making the inventory, she signs and dates it. The next day, How To Clean Out A Trashed Rental House she makes a copy of the inventory and sends the original to Mr. Buck's office, keeping the copy for her own files.

RSA 540-A:5 defines the legal relationship between landlords and tenants so that both will be treated fairly. It applies to all tenants except:Tenants who rent a single family home from a landlord who owns no other property; How To Clean Out A Trashed Rental HouseTenants under the age of 60 who live in a building with less than six apartments and whose landlord lives in the same building;

Tenants renting business, vacation or recreational property (but the law may cover some mobile homes and mobile home spaces).If the leased property is not covered by RSA 540-A:5, How To Clean Out A Trashed Rental House then the terms of the lease regulate the landlord/tenant relationship.Tenant Responsibilities 

The list of defects and damages in the rental unit that should be given to the landlord within the 5-day period is to protect tenants from being charged for damages done by previous tenants. Every new tenant should make a thorough record of defects in the rental unit when moving in. You should include the condition of the walls, How To Clean Out A Trashed Rental House floors, carpets, windows (screens, molding, sills and curtains), appliances and fixtures in your inspection. 

Note any cracks, holes, worn places, stains, dirt, and so forth. This inventory should be signed and dated by both you How To Clean Out A Trashed Rental House and your landlord. Make a copy of this inventory before you return it to your landlord within the 5-day time period to keep with the copy of your lease.Tenants have additional responsibilities which are not part of New Hampshire's landlord/tenant law but are governed by contract law. 

Tenants have the responsibility to abide by the agreements specified in the lease. Tenants are also responsible for maintaining the landlord's property in an acceptable manner. In most cases, How To Clean Out A Trashed Rental House tenants have the responsibility to give the landlord at least 30 days notice of plans to leave the rental unit, unless the lease states some other time period.

Tenants are also responsible for insuring their own personal property. The landlord will usually have insurance coverage for the building, How To Clean Out A Trashed Rental House but this insurance does not cover the tenant's personal belongings. It is a good idea for tenants to invest in renters' insurance to make sure their possessions are protected against theft, fire damage and a number of other perils.

Landlord Responsibilities A landlord is responsible for providing his or her tenants with a safe How To Clean Out A Trashed Rental House and sanitary dwelling. In New Hampshire, building codes set the standards for construction and maintenance of the building, including protection against fire hazards. Housing codes set standards for adequate light, air, heat, ventilation, sanitation, and space for tenants. 

A tenant may contact local housing officials to learn more about whether the apartment where he or she lives meets applicable requirements.RSA 48-A:14 sets minimum health How To Clean Out A Trashed Rental House and safety standards for rental property in towns that do not have ordinances that establish housing standards. An apartment does not meet these minimum standards if:

It is infested by pests and the landlord does not conduct regular inspections and pest exterminations;There is defective plumbing or faulty septic/sewage system;There is unsafe wiring;The walls or roof leak; How To Clean Out A Trashed Rental House The plaster is falling from walls and ceilings;The floors, walls or ceilings have unsafe holes;The porches, stairs or railings are not sound;

There is trash and garbage in the common areas when the landlord has the responsibility for trash removal;There is not enough water or the hot water system does not work; How To Clean Out A Trashed Rental House The gas lines leak or pilot lights are faulty;The heating system is not working properly.A landlord who fails or refuses to maintain an adequately safe and sanitary dwelling may be forced by the courts to reimburse tenants. 

You should report any defects in your dwelling which violate any of the housing or building codes which your landlord refuses to repair to your local code enforcement officer and/or to the New Hampshire Division of Public Health in Concord.To provide further protection for tenants, How To Clean Out A Trashed Rental House New Hampshire law also requires landlords to provide smoke detectors for their rental units. 

RSA 153:10-a requires every rental unit to be equipped with at least one automatic smoke/fire warning device located in each hallway How To Clean Out A Trashed Rental House or area adjacent to a sleeping area. The law also requires multi-unit dwellings to be equipped with automatic smoke/fire warning devices on every floor level, in each common stairway and in each common hallway. 

The landlord is responsible for maintaining these smoke/fire detectors in suitable working condition.If a rental unit is not equipped with a smoke/fire detector, or the building's hallways or stairways are not equipped with smoke/fire detectors, How To Clean Out A Trashed Rental House the tenant should contact the landlord and request the devices be installed and to contact local fire officials to encourage the landlord to comply with this state law.

Under some conditions, tenants may stop paying rent in order to compel the landlord to comply with health codes or with RSA 48-A (see RSA 540:13-c and -d). Because failure to pay rent can be grounds for eviction, How To Clean Out A Trashed Rental House tenants need competent legal advice before they withhold rent. The New Hampshire Consumer Protection and Antitrust Bureau would refer any tenants thinking of taking this action to New Hampshire Legal Assistance or to a private attorney for help.

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