Water Damage >> Flood Prevention Tips

This is a manual on safe, healthy, green, and affordable rebuilding of water-damaged homes that will: Serve as a workbook for seminars Be distributed to people working on their own homes, volunteers, and other workers as a guide and reference manual Develop work protocols for contractors This manual will be reproduced in small Flood Prevention Tips quantities as as it is periodically edited. 

The edited version will be continuously available at www.afhh.org/res/res_pubs/shrfdh.pdf by the Alliance for Healthy Homesand at www.hud.gov/lead/XXXX by HUD's Office of Healthy Homes Flood Prevention Tips and Lead Hazard Control.

The focus of the manual is pre-World War II, one- and two-story frame houses with wood siding but isapplicable to a broader variety of homes. The manual emphasizes affordable strategies, making it most Flood Prevention Tips useful for low- and moderate-income communities.The following are some of the manual's guiding principles: 

It seeks to describe the strategies with lowest up-front cost strategies except whenlife cycle cost calculations clearly lead one to a strategy that has greater initial cost. It emphasizes strategies that minimize energy and maintenance costs. It favors labor-intensive strategies that employ local workers over capital-intensive Flood Prevention Tips solutions. 

Preserving the history and culture of each community Flood Prevention Tips and its homes is a key consideration Most important, it seek to promote occupant and community health and safety. All design and work protocols decisions strive to maximize sustainability. All decisions should seek to build the long term capacity and economic independence of eachcommunity.

Throughout the manual, priority is given to saving as many original components of older homes as possible. Although historic preservation has value in itself, there are other reasons to save these building components. For example: how do issues of health, Flood Prevention Tips community economics, environment, and affordability help us decide whether to save an old wood window?

An 80-year-old double hung window on a counterweight system with failing paint can be restored andweather-stripped for about $300. It also can be replaced with a new vinyl, Flood Prevention Tips double glazed window forabout the same price.1 Initial cost vs. long-term savings. 

Although the restoration of a double-hung wood window may cost Flood Prevention Tips more than a vinyl replacement window, restoration is a far more economical choice when life cycle costis considered. An ordinary vinyl window that costs $200 installed, will last about 15 years, even thebest vinyl window costing $300 installed will last no more than 25 years. 

A 75-year-old window madeof old growth wood, Flood Prevention Tips maintained properly, will easily last another 100 years. 2 Supporting the local economy. While most of the money spent on a replacement window goes tomanufacturers outside the community, virtually all the money spent for a window restoration goes directlyto local trades people. 

Moreover, the skills involved in installing replacement windows are not useful inmany other trades, Flood Prevention Tips but a worker who learns to restore wooden windows has gained a valuable skills that are transferable to other building and restoration work. A carpenter can learn to restore wooden windowsat production speed in a week of training and on-the-job experience.

3 Environment and health considerations. Wood and glass are materials that cause no adverse health problems for workers Flood Prevention Tips or occupants. Windows made from these materials are biodegradable. Polyvinylchloride (PVC) is extremely toxic for workers who produce vinyl windows, they are an environmental hazard when they enter the waste stream and are deadly in a fire. 

A new National Academy study affirms thetoxic Flood Prevention Tips and carcinogenic nature of PVC. (If window replacement is the strategy selected wood or fiberglasswindows are a safer option). The major health risk associated with old windows is from lead paint. Making a window lead-safe is part of the restoration and abatement process and can be done safely. 

Installing a vinyl replacement window in the original jamb still leaves a significant amount of lead on the jamb,casing, sill, Flood Prevention Tips and stool.4 Energy conservation. Energy cost savings typically don't justify window replacement. 

Two studies demonstrated that replacing a single-glazed, Flood Prevention Tips well weather-stripped, wooden window with a double-glazedvinyl replacement window did not result in enough savings, over the life of the window, to pay for itself.*There are many ways to spend less money and realize greater energy savings. 

In this climate, sun controll(shading, solar film, etc.) is most important for energy saving. Original wood windows can be reglazedwith low E, laminated glass which is almost as energy efficient as double glazing, is wind resistant, shatterresistant, Flood Prevention Tips and can be easly replaced.5 Maintenance costs. Almost any part of a broken, double hung wooden window can be easily repaired.

A broken vinyl replacement window often must be replaced in its entirety. The chain Flood Prevention Tips and counterweightsystem of an old double-hung window will normally last more than 100 years, while the spring balancesystem of a vinyl replacement window may need to be replaced within a decade.6 Preserving tradition and culture. 

While a new wood replica replacement for a damaged old-growthwood window may addressan aesthetic issues and satisfy historic preservation principles, Flood Prevention Tips the replica usually contains inferior wood that is far more subject to rot and insect damage than the original old growth wood window (particularly if the original window was cedar, which naturally repels insects).

When replacement is necessary preassure treated wood windows are available. A common language shared by owners, Flood Prevention Tips workers, contractors, and suppliers avoids misunderstandings.Unless there is a pressing structural or health reason, save thearchitectural elements of older houses because they usually workbest, are least toxic, can be maintained more easily and will last longer. 

Seven reasons to restore double hung wood windows Flood Prevention Tips rather than replaceing them with vinyl windows1 They can be easily maintained. Sash can be easilyreglazed. Small areas of wood deterioration can be repaired with epoxy systems and the joints re-pegged.2 If well-maintained they can last 200 years. 

Windowsmade of old growth wood, particularly cedar, extendtheir life. No window balance system approaches thelongevity of a chain and counterweight system.3 They can be effectively weather stripped. A vinylreplacement window may never pay for itself in energy Flood Prevention Tips savings by the time it needs to be replaced in 10 to 20years. 

This is particularly true for the Gulf Coast. (seefootnote page 3) Original wood windows can bereglazed with low E, laminated glass which is almostas energy efficient as double glazing, Flood Prevention Tips is wind resistant, shatter resistant, and can be easly replaced. 

4 Polyvinyl chloride, which contains dioxin, is a carcinogenand causes birth defects and developmental problems whenreleased into the environment.5 The maintenance of existing building components is thegreenest, Flood Prevention Tips most sustainable protocol.6 The restoration of windows is a labor-intensive opportunityfor local employment.7 Original windows maintain important historic fabric.

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The number of fires caused by lighted tobacco products–almost always cigarettes–increased by a stunning 19 percent in the most recent year studied, Fire Damage Cleaning Up After A Fire according to research by the NFPA (National Fire Protection Association).

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The total amount of a given species released by a fire is thus dependent on the fuel consumed.This is most typically specified as a user input based on a combination of the burning object's heat release rate, mass loss rate, and heat of combustion (Hc) related as ܳ. The discussion above is ess  read more..