Mold Remediation >> Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment

The meaning of mold sampling results that are in CFU/m2 and CFU/m3 Sampling results for viable (living) microorganisms are presented as concentrations, and the units used will vary depending on the sample collection methods. Air sampling results are reported as Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment colony-forming units per cubic meter of air (CFU/m3).

Specialized sampling is reported in terms of the entity collected,i.e., if only spores were sampled, Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment the results would be reportedas spores/m3(19). Bulk samples may be reported as colony-formingunits per gram (CFU/g) of dust or material or colony-forming units per milliliter (CFU/ml) of stagnant water or slime (20). 

Wipe sample results are reported as colony-forming units per surface area such as CFU/m2or CFU/ft2. These units represent the culturableportion of mold concentrations only Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment and do not quantify thefragments and by-products of mold that may also exist. The purpose of mold remediation

The purpose of mold remediation is to identify and correct thewater or moisture problem, remove or clean all contaminated materials, Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment prevent the spread of contamination to other areas, andprotect the health and safety of the building occupants. Duringany remediation, the health and safety of remediation workers must also be a priority. 

In every case of microbial contamination,including mold contamination, the underlying cause of the contamination must be rectified or the growth will recur (1).These are the basic principles of mold remediation. For more thorough discussions of methods, Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment recommendations, and remediation approaches for various levels of contamination.

See OSHA’s Safety and Health Information Bulletin entitled, "A BriefGuide to Mold in the Workplace” (SHIB 03-10-10), (1) which isavailable at: http://www.osha.gov/dts/shib/shib101003.html.In particular, see discussions concerning: Additional measures for cleaning Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment contaminated ductwork Biocides vs. antimicrobial agents Informing building occupants about mold remediation 

Informing remediation employees about the hazards of mold Personal protective equipment (PPE) for remediation employees. Actions for Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment Employees to Take What to do about mold in the workplaceThere are no standards that say how much mold is hazardous toyour health. However, there should not be visible mold growth orobjectionable moldy odors in your workplace. 

If you see or smellmold, or if you or others are experiencing mold-related healthproblems, Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment report the problem to your employer so the problem canbe investigated. If you believe that there is a mold hazard, you havethe right to file a complaint with Federal OSHA or, in states withOSHA-approved state plans, the state occupational safety and health agency. 

You can contact your local Area Office of FederalOSHA or state occupational safety and health office Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment or file a complaint online at http://www.osha.gov/as/opa/worker/complain.html.Links to the addresses and telephone numbers of the state occupational safety and health agency offices are available online athttp://www.osha.gov/fso/osp/index.html. 

In addition, assistancewith filing complaints, receiving workplace health and safetyinformation and requesting OSHA publications, among other typesof information, Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment are available by calling OSHA’s toll-free numberat 1-800-321-6742. Relevant publications used as references for this document werelocated through a PubMed (National Library of Medicine) search.

PubMed was selected because of its broad scope of publications:Medline (National Library of Medicine), Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment other life sciences journals,and links to sites providing full-text articles. Key words used toexecute the search included mold, epidemiology, BRI, hypersensitivity pneumonitis, farmer’s lung, air conditioner or humidifier lung,mycotoxins, and respiratory illness.

The size of the search results was managed, Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment where appropriate,by limiting searches to the English language and human studies.Single word and Boolean logic operators (AND, OR, and NOT) were used to link words and phrases for more precise searches which yielded summary abstracts (from a choice of display formats).

Search summaries were quickly reviewed and further refined foruseable selections. Articles were obtained either directly fromonline sources or Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment through the OSHA Technical Data System andwere reviewed both by OSHA staff and contractors.Similar searches of the OSHA IAQ Docket (H-122) were madethrough the Intra–OSHA Document Management System (DMS).

This system contains the entire IAQ docket in a format that allowsfull-text selection of documents Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment and returns a list of exhibitnumbers that contain the term(s) of interest, which can then beviewed for usefulness and retrieved as desired.Articles were chosen for their subject matter and relevance toworkplace building-related illness and were reviewed by OSHA andits contractors. 

Not all papers reviewed were utilized. Allergic rhinitis has several signs and symptoms. The symptomsof allergic rhinitis include sneezing; itchy eyes, nose, and throat; astuffy or runny nose; sore throat; cough; watery eyes; Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment headache; and fatigue. These symptoms may be worse in indoor environments and may peak in hot and humid seasons. 

Common physicalfindings include red or bloodshot eyes, a runny nose, wateryeyes, Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment and thickened nasal mucous membranes. Multiple airborneallergens other than molds (e.g., pollens, animal dander, and dustmites) may be involved. However, when a person is also sensitizedto mold, an indoor environment contaminated with mold spores may aggravate the signs and symptoms of allergic rhinitis.

Allergic asthmaAllergic asthma is a chronic lung disease that is caused bybreathing in substances known to be allergens (sensitizers).Asthma occurs when the airways become inflamed and thesurrounding muscles tighten Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment and contract. Asthma causesbreathing difficulties by making it harder for air to flow in and outof the lungs. 

Symptoms of asthma include tightness of the chest,shortness of breath, coughing, Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment and wheezing (21). Although acomplete patient history and physical exam are the most importantmethods employed to diagnose asthma, chest X-rays, pulmonaryfunction testing, and immunologic studies occasionally are alsoused.

Exposure to mold clearly plays a role in asthma. Molds producea large variety of compounds that are potentially allergenic (e.g.,proteins). Potency varies among these allergens. The epidemi- ological evidence from well-conducted studies documents thesensitizing potential of mold allergens. Also, Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment well-documentedevidence indicates that fungal sensitization is related to asthma (22). 

HP (or extrinsic allergic alveolitis) refers to a group of allergiclung diseases caused by the inhalation of antigens contained in awide variety of organic dusts. Antigens Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment are substances that provoke an allergic reaction (i.e., an immune response with theformation of antibodies) when introduced into the body. 

HPoccurs when very small antigenic particles (5 micrometers orless in diameter and invisible to the naked eye) penetrate into thedeepest areas of the lungs (the alveoli) and Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment cause inflammation.HP may occur as an acute, subacute, or chronic condition.Symptoms and signs of the acute form may occur 4-6 hours aftersignificant antigen exposure and include chest tightness, difficultybreathing, fever, chills, cough, and muscle aches (5, 23). 

If exposure to the antigen is repeated frequently, scars can form onthe lungs, resulting in a disabling condition known as fibrosis(23, 24). Symptoms and signs associated with the sub acute Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment and chronic forms of the disease include cough, shortness of breath,fatigue, and weight loss (23).

Monsoon Damage

In gabled tops, truss bracing generally consists of 2x4s that run the length of the top. If you do not really have truss bracing, it shall be replaced. You could do some of this yourself or hire a professional Wind Damage Monsoon Damage contractor. Place 2x4s the length of your top, overlapping the ends of the 2x4  read more..

How To Refurbish An Apartment After Tenants Trash

When a landlord and tenant get along well, things are better all around. Dealing with unhappy tenants is alot of trouble for a landlord, and few tenants want the inconvenience and expense of moving simplybecause they cannot get along with their landlords.Yet, Tenant Move Out Cleanup How To Refurbish An Apartment After Tenants Trash landlords and tenants fre  read more..

Flood Damage

Did you know the average residential house loses 14% of the water delivered to leaks? In an average home, 22 gallons of water are lost to leakage every day, and the usual suspects are leaking toilets or dripping faucets. This daily water leakage amount is ab  read more..

Odor Control

Say Tenant Move Out Cleanup Odor Control out and did not inform you and it's been a couple of weeks. In that time animals of moved in and started living in your rental. How do you get them out of the walls and attic now that they've taken up residence there. Call a professional restoration company dealing with animal remova  read more..

Remove Windows With Lead Paint

Lead is a highly toxic metal that may cause a range of health problems, especially in young children. When lead is absorbed into the body, it can cause damage to the brain and other vital organs, like the kidneys, nerves and blood.Lead may also cause behavioral problems, learning disabilities, seizu  read more..

How To Clean Up Raw Sewage In A Basement

Water from precipitation is not always the only source Basement Drying How To Clean Up Raw Sewage In A Basement of moisture. Urban development usually includes a centralized public water supply for the development. If the supply were through private domestic wells, then waterline leaks would be easy to identify. Simply turn off all the fauc  read more..

Grants For Flood Damage Tree Removal

By the end of the program, the city had recycled almost 56 percent of all materials collected since the day of the earthquake for less than the cost of disposal. The city demonstrated that when sufficient recycling facility capacity exists, a recycling rate of over 86 percent can be achieved. T  read more..

How To Stop Animals From Digging Up Flower Beds

Direct control assistance is implemented when the problem cannot effectively be resolved through technical assistance, and when Cooperative Agreements provide for direct control assistance. The initial investigation defines the nature and history of the problem, extent of damage, and the species res  read more..

Empowered Water Carpet Cleaning

Flood Water After a Disaster or Emergency When returning to your home after a hurricane or flood, be aware that flood water may contain sewage. Protect yourself and your family by following these steps:Inside the Home Keep children and Water Extraction Empowered Water Carpet Cleaning pets out of the affected area until cleanup has b  read more..

Lead based Paint In Flooded Areas

(ATLANTA – May 26, 2010) – Due to recent flooding in western and central Tennessee, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in Region 4 wants to ensure that families are not at increased risk for lead poisoning, because of clean up and/or repair work. EPA urges pregnant women and children t  read more..