Mold Remediation >> Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment

The meaning of mold sampling results that are in CFU/m2 and CFU/m3 Sampling results for viable (living) microorganisms are presented as concentrations, and the units used will vary depending on the sample collection methods. Air sampling results are reported as Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment colony-forming units per cubic meter of air (CFU/m3).

Specialized sampling is reported in terms of the entity collected,i.e., if only spores were sampled, Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment the results would be reportedas spores/m3(19). Bulk samples may be reported as colony-formingunits per gram (CFU/g) of dust or material or colony-forming units per milliliter (CFU/ml) of stagnant water or slime (20). 

Wipe sample results are reported as colony-forming units per surface area such as CFU/m2or CFU/ft2. These units represent the culturableportion of mold concentrations only Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment and do not quantify thefragments and by-products of mold that may also exist. The purpose of mold remediation

The purpose of mold remediation is to identify and correct thewater or moisture problem, remove or clean all contaminated materials, Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment prevent the spread of contamination to other areas, andprotect the health and safety of the building occupants. Duringany remediation, the health and safety of remediation workers must also be a priority. 

In every case of microbial contamination,including mold contamination, the underlying cause of the contamination must be rectified or the growth will recur (1).These are the basic principles of mold remediation. For more thorough discussions of methods, Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment recommendations, and remediation approaches for various levels of contamination.

See OSHA’s Safety and Health Information Bulletin entitled, "A BriefGuide to Mold in the Workplace” (SHIB 03-10-10), (1) which isavailable at: http://www.osha.gov/dts/shib/shib101003.html.In particular, see discussions concerning: Additional measures for cleaning Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment contaminated ductwork Biocides vs. antimicrobial agents Informing building occupants about mold remediation 

Informing remediation employees about the hazards of mold Personal protective equipment (PPE) for remediation employees. Actions for Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment Employees to Take What to do about mold in the workplaceThere are no standards that say how much mold is hazardous toyour health. However, there should not be visible mold growth orobjectionable moldy odors in your workplace. 

If you see or smellmold, or if you or others are experiencing mold-related healthproblems, Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment report the problem to your employer so the problem canbe investigated. If you believe that there is a mold hazard, you havethe right to file a complaint with Federal OSHA or, in states withOSHA-approved state plans, the state occupational safety and health agency. 

You can contact your local Area Office of FederalOSHA or state occupational safety and health office Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment or file a complaint online at http://www.osha.gov/as/opa/worker/complain.html.Links to the addresses and telephone numbers of the state occupational safety and health agency offices are available online athttp://www.osha.gov/fso/osp/index.html. 

In addition, assistancewith filing complaints, receiving workplace health and safetyinformation and requesting OSHA publications, among other typesof information, Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment are available by calling OSHA’s toll-free numberat 1-800-321-6742. Relevant publications used as references for this document werelocated through a PubMed (National Library of Medicine) search.

PubMed was selected because of its broad scope of publications:Medline (National Library of Medicine), Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment other life sciences journals,and links to sites providing full-text articles. Key words used toexecute the search included mold, epidemiology, BRI, hypersensitivity pneumonitis, farmer’s lung, air conditioner or humidifier lung,mycotoxins, and respiratory illness.

The size of the search results was managed, Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment where appropriate,by limiting searches to the English language and human studies.Single word and Boolean logic operators (AND, OR, and NOT) were used to link words and phrases for more precise searches which yielded summary abstracts (from a choice of display formats).

Search summaries were quickly reviewed and further refined foruseable selections. Articles were obtained either directly fromonline sources or Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment through the OSHA Technical Data System andwere reviewed both by OSHA staff and contractors.Similar searches of the OSHA IAQ Docket (H-122) were madethrough the Intra–OSHA Document Management System (DMS).

This system contains the entire IAQ docket in a format that allowsfull-text selection of documents Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment and returns a list of exhibitnumbers that contain the term(s) of interest, which can then beviewed for usefulness and retrieved as desired.Articles were chosen for their subject matter and relevance toworkplace building-related illness and were reviewed by OSHA andits contractors. 

Not all papers reviewed were utilized. Allergic rhinitis has several signs and symptoms. The symptomsof allergic rhinitis include sneezing; itchy eyes, nose, and throat; astuffy or runny nose; sore throat; cough; watery eyes; Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment headache; and fatigue. These symptoms may be worse in indoor environments and may peak in hot and humid seasons. 

Common physicalfindings include red or bloodshot eyes, a runny nose, wateryeyes, Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment and thickened nasal mucous membranes. Multiple airborneallergens other than molds (e.g., pollens, animal dander, and dustmites) may be involved. However, when a person is also sensitizedto mold, an indoor environment contaminated with mold spores may aggravate the signs and symptoms of allergic rhinitis.

Allergic asthmaAllergic asthma is a chronic lung disease that is caused bybreathing in substances known to be allergens (sensitizers).Asthma occurs when the airways become inflamed and thesurrounding muscles tighten Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment and contract. Asthma causesbreathing difficulties by making it harder for air to flow in and outof the lungs. 

Symptoms of asthma include tightness of the chest,shortness of breath, coughing, Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment and wheezing (21). Although acomplete patient history and physical exam are the most importantmethods employed to diagnose asthma, chest X-rays, pulmonaryfunction testing, and immunologic studies occasionally are alsoused.

Exposure to mold clearly plays a role in asthma. Molds producea large variety of compounds that are potentially allergenic (e.g.,proteins). Potency varies among these allergens. The epidemi- ological evidence from well-conducted studies documents thesensitizing potential of mold allergens. Also, Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment well-documentedevidence indicates that fungal sensitization is related to asthma (22). 

HP (or extrinsic allergic alveolitis) refers to a group of allergiclung diseases caused by the inhalation of antigens contained in awide variety of organic dusts. Antigens Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment are substances that provoke an allergic reaction (i.e., an immune response with theformation of antibodies) when introduced into the body. 

HPoccurs when very small antigenic particles (5 micrometers orless in diameter and invisible to the naked eye) penetrate into thedeepest areas of the lungs (the alveoli) and Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment cause inflammation.HP may occur as an acute, subacute, or chronic condition.Symptoms and signs of the acute form may occur 4-6 hours aftersignificant antigen exposure and include chest tightness, difficultybreathing, fever, chills, cough, and muscle aches (5, 23). 

If exposure to the antigen is repeated frequently, scars can form onthe lungs, resulting in a disabling condition known as fibrosis(23, 24). Symptoms and signs associated with the sub acute Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment and chronic forms of the disease include cough, shortness of breath,fatigue, and weight loss (23).

How To Conserve And Restore Old Paper

Few commercially available adhesives meet these criteria. Commercial library and wallpaper pastes may lose hold as they age, and they often contain harmful additives. Rubber cement and Document restoration How To Conserve And Restore Old Paper animal glues darken and stain. 

Several synthetic adhesives, such as "wh  read more..

Extraction Of Flood Water And Mold

Molds are microscopic organisms found everywhere in the environment, indoors and outdoors. When present in large quantities, molds have the potential to cause adverse health effects. Health Effects of Mold Exposure Sneezing Cough and Water Extraction Extraction Of Flood Water And Mold congestion Runny nose Aggravation of asthma Eye irr  read more..

How To Repair Fire Damaged Concrete

Recovering from a fire can be a physically and mentally draining process.When fire strikes, lives are suddenly turned around. Often, Fire Damage How To Repair Fire Damaged Concrete the hardest part is knowing where to begin and who to contact.

The U.S. Fire Administration has gathered the following information to assist you in  read more..

Water Damage

Water is by far the single most long-term destructive substance in any indoor environment. It will dissolve or weaken many building materials and supports the growth of microorganisms like mold. Because it can flow, Sewage Cleanup Water Damage has the unique capability to carry with it a wide variety of hazardous p  read more..

How To Clean Up From A Sewer Backup

Sanitary sewer overflows can be caused by too much precipitation infiltrating leaky sewer pipes, inadequate system capacity to handle newly-developed residential or commercial areas, blocked or broken pipes, or improperly designed and installed sewer systems. Sewage backups not only present unpleasa  read more..

Protecting Against Flying Debris From Hurricane An

Protecting Your Home From Hurricane Wind Damage During a hurricane, homes may be damaged or destroyed by high winds and high waves. Debris can break windows and doors, allowing high winds inside the home. In Wind Damage Protecting Against Flying Debris From Hurricane An extreme storms, such as Hurricane Andrew, the force of the wind alone can cause we  read more..

How To Clean Smoke Damaged Houses

In a secondary test procedure, the smoke-contaminated electronic counters were subjected to high humidity while powered. The less contaminated of the two exhibited no loss of functionality, while the other failed after an unknown amount of time in a 95 % humidity environment. It was determined that   read more..

Flooded

National Flooded Insurance Program Flooded Insurance Requirements for Recipients of Federal Disaster Assistance Insurance Requirements for Recipients of Federal Disaster Assistance Flooded Insurance Requirements for Recipients of Federal Disaster Assistance When property owners receive financial ass  read more..

Calculate Space In A Water Damaged Room For A Dehu

Compression Ratio Dehumidification APPLICATIONS OF TECHNOLOGY: Commercial and residential buildings ADVANTAGES: Reduces indoor moisture to inhibit mold growth and moisture damage Energy efficient—air does not have to be reheated prior to delivery No refrigerant Dehumidification Calculate Space In A Water Damaged Room For A Dehu or desiccant material   read more..

Some Safety Measures To Take Before During And After A Hurricane

If Evacuation Is Necessary If officials order evacuation, leave as soon as possible. Avoid flooded roads and watch for washed-out bridges.Secure your home. Unplug appliances and turn off electricity and the main water valve. If time permits, Emergency Board up Some Safety Measures To Take Before During And After A Hurricane elevate furniture to protect it from floodi  read more..