Mold Remediation >> Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment

The meaning of mold sampling results that are in CFU/m2 and CFU/m3 Sampling results for viable (living) microorganisms are presented as concentrations, and the units used will vary depending on the sample collection methods. Air sampling results are reported as Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment colony-forming units per cubic meter of air (CFU/m3).

Specialized sampling is reported in terms of the entity collected,i.e., if only spores were sampled, Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment the results would be reportedas spores/m3(19). Bulk samples may be reported as colony-formingunits per gram (CFU/g) of dust or material or colony-forming units per milliliter (CFU/ml) of stagnant water or slime (20). 

Wipe sample results are reported as colony-forming units per surface area such as CFU/m2or CFU/ft2. These units represent the culturableportion of mold concentrations only Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment and do not quantify thefragments and by-products of mold that may also exist. The purpose of mold remediation

The purpose of mold remediation is to identify and correct thewater or moisture problem, remove or clean all contaminated materials, Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment prevent the spread of contamination to other areas, andprotect the health and safety of the building occupants. Duringany remediation, the health and safety of remediation workers must also be a priority. 

In every case of microbial contamination,including mold contamination, the underlying cause of the contamination must be rectified or the growth will recur (1).These are the basic principles of mold remediation. For more thorough discussions of methods, Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment recommendations, and remediation approaches for various levels of contamination.

See OSHA’s Safety and Health Information Bulletin entitled, "A BriefGuide to Mold in the Workplace” (SHIB 03-10-10), (1) which isavailable at: particular, see discussions concerning: Additional measures for cleaning Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment contaminated ductwork Biocides vs. antimicrobial agents Informing building occupants about mold remediation 

Informing remediation employees about the hazards of mold Personal protective equipment (PPE) for remediation employees. Actions for Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment Employees to Take What to do about mold in the workplaceThere are no standards that say how much mold is hazardous toyour health. However, there should not be visible mold growth orobjectionable moldy odors in your workplace. 

If you see or smellmold, or if you or others are experiencing mold-related healthproblems, Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment report the problem to your employer so the problem canbe investigated. If you believe that there is a mold hazard, you havethe right to file a complaint with Federal OSHA or, in states withOSHA-approved state plans, the state occupational safety and health agency. 

You can contact your local Area Office of FederalOSHA or state occupational safety and health office Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment or file a complaint online at to the addresses and telephone numbers of the state occupational safety and health agency offices are available online at 

In addition, assistancewith filing complaints, receiving workplace health and safetyinformation and requesting OSHA publications, among other typesof information, Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment are available by calling OSHA’s toll-free numberat 1-800-321-6742. Relevant publications used as references for this document werelocated through a PubMed (National Library of Medicine) search.

PubMed was selected because of its broad scope of publications:Medline (National Library of Medicine), Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment other life sciences journals,and links to sites providing full-text articles. Key words used toexecute the search included mold, epidemiology, BRI, hypersensitivity pneumonitis, farmer’s lung, air conditioner or humidifier lung,mycotoxins, and respiratory illness.

The size of the search results was managed, Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment where appropriate,by limiting searches to the English language and human studies.Single word and Boolean logic operators (AND, OR, and NOT) were used to link words and phrases for more precise searches which yielded summary abstracts (from a choice of display formats).

Search summaries were quickly reviewed and further refined foruseable selections. Articles were obtained either directly fromonline sources or Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment through the OSHA Technical Data System andwere reviewed both by OSHA staff and contractors.Similar searches of the OSHA IAQ Docket (H-122) were madethrough the Intra–OSHA Document Management System (DMS).

This system contains the entire IAQ docket in a format that allowsfull-text selection of documents Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment and returns a list of exhibitnumbers that contain the term(s) of interest, which can then beviewed for usefulness and retrieved as desired.Articles were chosen for their subject matter and relevance toworkplace building-related illness and were reviewed by OSHA andits contractors. 

Not all papers reviewed were utilized. Allergic rhinitis has several signs and symptoms. The symptomsof allergic rhinitis include sneezing; itchy eyes, nose, and throat; astuffy or runny nose; sore throat; cough; watery eyes; Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment headache; and fatigue. These symptoms may be worse in indoor environments and may peak in hot and humid seasons. 

Common physicalfindings include red or bloodshot eyes, a runny nose, wateryeyes, Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment and thickened nasal mucous membranes. Multiple airborneallergens other than molds (e.g., pollens, animal dander, and dustmites) may be involved. However, when a person is also sensitizedto mold, an indoor environment contaminated with mold spores may aggravate the signs and symptoms of allergic rhinitis.

Allergic asthmaAllergic asthma is a chronic lung disease that is caused bybreathing in substances known to be allergens (sensitizers).Asthma occurs when the airways become inflamed and thesurrounding muscles tighten Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment and contract. Asthma causesbreathing difficulties by making it harder for air to flow in and outof the lungs. 

Symptoms of asthma include tightness of the chest,shortness of breath, coughing, Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment and wheezing (21). Although acomplete patient history and physical exam are the most importantmethods employed to diagnose asthma, chest X-rays, pulmonaryfunction testing, and immunologic studies occasionally are alsoused.

Exposure to mold clearly plays a role in asthma. Molds producea large variety of compounds that are potentially allergenic (e.g.,proteins). Potency varies among these allergens. The epidemi- ological evidence from well-conducted studies documents thesensitizing potential of mold allergens. Also, Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment well-documentedevidence indicates that fungal sensitization is related to asthma (22). 

HP (or extrinsic allergic alveolitis) refers to a group of allergiclung diseases caused by the inhalation of antigens contained in awide variety of organic dusts. Antigens Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment are substances that provoke an allergic reaction (i.e., an immune response with theformation of antibodies) when introduced into the body. 

HPoccurs when very small antigenic particles (5 micrometers orless in diameter and invisible to the naked eye) penetrate into thedeepest areas of the lungs (the alveoli) and Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment cause inflammation.HP may occur as an acute, subacute, or chronic condition.Symptoms and signs of the acute form may occur 4-6 hours aftersignificant antigen exposure and include chest tightness, difficultybreathing, fever, chills, cough, and muscle aches (5, 23). 

If exposure to the antigen is repeated frequently, scars can form onthe lungs, resulting in a disabling condition known as fibrosis(23, 24). Symptoms and signs associated with the sub acute Tenants Right About Mold In An Apartment and chronic forms of the disease include cough, shortness of breath,fatigue, and weight loss (23).

Clean Up Procedures For Mold In A Crawl Space

Crawl spaces and basements can become moisture laden, supporting the growth of mold and the decay of building materials and providing ideal conditions for insect pests and even rodents. Moisture and contaminants can be driven into living spaces by the differences in air pressure between the crawl sp  read more..

Crawlspace Drying

Some homes have more than one type of foundation design. For example, it is very common to have both a basement under part of the house and then to have a slab-on-grade or crawl space under the other part of the house. In these circumstances a mixture of Radon Mitigation Crawlspace Drying reduction methods might be requir  read more..

Work Related Lead Testing

For industrial workers, What can I do to protect myself? Make sure you don't accidentally swallow lead. Wash your hands and face with soap and water before eating or drinking and before leaving work. Do not eat, drink, or smoke in the work area. Take a shower Lead Paint Removal Work Related Lead Testing and wash your hair as soo  read more..

How To Remove Lead Paint In Soil

Did you know that many homes built before 1978 have lead-based paint? Lead from paint, chips, and dust can pose serious health hazards. Read this entire brochure to learn: How lead gets into the body About health effects of lead What you can do to protect your family Where to go for more Lead Paint Removal How To Remove Lead Paint In Soil&n  read more..

Blood Spill From Murder Cleanup Procedures

San Antonio The San Antonio Metropolitan Health District offers the following information as a service to the public when confronted with the unfortunate situation of cleaning up a crime scene in your home or business. Crime Scene Cleanup Blood Spill From Murder Cleanup Procedures This brochure provides guidance for biological crime scenes.

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Landlord Tenant Eviction Notice

Residential service is provided once a week on your designated day of collection. If you need to know your collection day, we have provided a zone collection map on this web site. You can contact customer service at 864-467-4345 for further assistance. Please place all household garbage and other mi  read more..

Storm Damage

If your home has sustained a significant amount of Dehumidification Storm Damage because the roof was damaged and the rainwater leaked through. There is a certain procedure that should be followed to minimize the possibility of any other damage like the growth of mold or any other structural damage. Your home should   read more..

How To Remove Storm Damage Debris In An Emergency

Participating states said that having a debris management plan and prequalified debris contractors facilitated better-organized and managed debris removal operations. FEMA received feedback on the pilot program from regional, state, and local stakeholders, Debris Removal How To Remove Storm Damage Debris In An Emergency who said that the pilot prog  read more..

How To Protect A Home In A Flood Plain

Clothing and LinensEven if your washing machine didnot get wet, do not use it untilyou know that the water is safeenough to drink and that yoursewer line works. (Perhaps afriend or relative has a washingmachine you can use until yours isclean and working.) Flood Damage How To Protect A Home In A Flood Plain

Befor  read more..

Physical Symptoms Of A Meth Lab In Your Rental Hou

Walls, ceilings, floors, and woodwork shall be coated with paint or polyurethane after cleaning toisolate the remaining meth residue. Some studies show that meth can "wick” through paint. Apply atleast two coats of high quality paint or polyurethane. A primer coat Meth Lab Cleanup Physical Symptoms Of A Meth Lab In Your Rental Hou will improve adhesion   read more..