Smoke Damage >> About Smoke Damage Restoration Process

Restoration Process Step 1 It takes approximately four days and a team of three cleaning experts to clean a unit of this size. These four days includes a complete cleaning from ceiling to floor and includes cabinets, bathrooms and other rooms. This can be referred to as basic overall cleaning. When dealing with tobacco smoke, there are several additional detailed cleaning steps and About Smoke Damage Restoration Process all require an additional charge. 

The detailed cleaning list includes appliances, bath and lighting fixtures, tub surrounds, bath vanities and door and window openings, which include woodwork, frame and About Smoke Damage Restoration Process window glass.Carpet has to be removed and replaced. If there is a sub-floor it has to be cleaned,sanitized/deodorized and sealed with "Kilz" or "Bulls-eye" primer.

If floors are yellow/brown from tobacco, they have to be removed and replaced.If appliances are porcelain, they can be cleaned; if appliances are vinyl, they have to be removed and replaced.The contractor should communicate all these steps to the on-site manager, About Smoke Damage Restoration Process the property Management Company and/or the owner.

Step 2 The next step is the ozone and thermal fogging process. For these purposes, a portable ozone machine would probably be used for 24 – 48 hours, About Smoke Damage Restoration Process depending on the complexity of the odor.A thermal fogger would also be used in conjunction with the ozone or separately, again depending on the situation. 

The ozone machine attacks the smoke molecules and the fogger is used to penetrate those surfaces that are not easily reached i.e. behind trims, etc. In some circumstances, if fixtures are too yellowed and odiferous, they may have to be removed and About Smoke Damage Restoration Process replaced. If the odor has permeated ceiling fans and cabinets, those items may also have to be removed and replaced.

Step 3 The next step is the sealant process. Clear coat sealant if applied to cabinetry and doors if these items still retain the smoke odor. Smoke will penetrate porous materials like doors and About Smoke Damage Restoration Process cabinets, but laminate is non-porous so it can usually be cleaned."Kilz" of "Bulls-eye" primers are then used to seal all the cleaned areas (as outlined in Step1). If the smoke odor is not cleaned thoroughly, the sealant process is not helpful, as smoke will "bleed" through the sealant.

Step 4 This step is to paint the entire apartment and the woodwork, replace carpet and pad, any appliances, any flooring and any doors that weren't able to be clear coated. Of course, About Smoke Damage Restoration Process there must be pictures and documentation during the entire cleaning process. Smoke inhalation, defined as airway or pulmonary parenchymal injury resulting from the inhalation of toxic combustion products, presents with a wide range of severity in patients with and without skin burns. 

In patients with severe injuries, the diagnosis is obvious on the basis of the history and clinical presentation; in patients with less severe injuries or those in whom the clinical consequences are delayed, About Smoke Damage Restoration Process diagnostic precision is difficult because diagnostic clues provide only indirect information. 1. There is no specific treatment so diagnosis is not critical for patient management. 

Patients at risk include 20% to 30% of flame burn victims who should receive vigorous supportive care. The mortality rate of smoke inhalation victims without a burn is < 10%. With a burn the mortality rate is 30% to 50%, suggesting that thermal injury or About Smoke Damage Restoration Process its treatment is responsible for further lung damage. 

Endotracheal intubation provides definitive treatment for obstructed or About Smoke Damage Restoration Process soon-to-be obstructed patients. However the diagnosis of smoke inhalation per se is not an indication for airway intubation and respiratory support; 12% of patients without a burn require intubation versus 62% of those with a burn. 

A trans laryngeal tube can be converted to a tracheotomy safely in burn victims; About Smoke Damage Restoration Process tracheotomies are easier to manage if burns of the neck are excised and grafted prior to placement.2. Mechanical ventilation with positive end expiratory pressure (PEEP) is the treatment for the pulmonary injury. 

The early lesions of smoke inhalation often progress in the context of sepsis and About Smoke Damage Restoration Process other complications of the burn illness to a clinical state consistent with adult respiratory distress syndrome. EPA urges the public to be on the alert for leaking containers and reactive household chemicals, like caustic drain cleaners and chlorine bleach, and take the following necessary precautions to prevent injury or further damage: 

Keep children and pets away from leaking or spilled chemicals. Do not combine chemicals from leaking About Smoke Damage Restoration Process or damaged containers as this may produce dangerous or violent reactions. Do not dump chemicals down drains, storm sewers or toilets.3. Do not attempt to burn household chemicals. Clearly mark and set aside unbroken containers until they can be properly disposed of. 

Leave damaged or unlabeled chemical containers undisturbed whenever possible. Individuals should exercise caution when disturbing building materials to prevent physical injury or other health effects. Building materials may contain hazardous materials such as asbestos that when carried by the air can be breathed in and About Smoke Damage Restoration Process cause adverse health effects. If it is suspected that asbestos containing materials may be present, they should not be disturbed.

Asbestos-containing materials include the following: boiler/pipe insulation, fireproofing, floor tiles, asbestos roofing, transite boards used in laboratory tabletops and in acoustics in auditoriums, music rooms and phone booths. Federal, state and About Smoke Damage Restoration Process local personnel are often deployed to affected areas to establish debris-management programs, including household hazardous waste collection and disposal programs. 

These efforts may take days or weeks to come to all communities. In the meantime, EPA urges the public to exercise caution and About Smoke Damage Restoration Process report concerns to local environmental, health and waste disposal authorities. ­After a disaster, highly explosive gas vapors may still be present in many buildings. In addition, methane and other explosive gases may accumulate from decaying materials.

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