Smoke Damage >> Fire Smoke Restoration Procedures
Recommendations for the Selection and Use of Protective Clothing and Respirators Against Biological Agents Resulting from a Suspected or Known Terrorism Event The recommendations for personal protective equipment, including respiratory protection and protective clothing, are based upon the anticipated level of exposure risk associated with different response situations, Fire Smoke Restoration Procedures as follows:
Responders should use a NIOSH-approved, CBRN SCBA in conjunction with a Level A, protective ensemble (use equipment certified to NFPA 1991 when available as a first choice) in responding to a suspected biological incident where any of the following information is unknown or Fire Smoke Restoration Procedures the event is uncontrolled.
The type(s) of airborne agent(s);o The dissemination method(s);o If dissemination via an aerosol-generating device still is occurring, Fire Smoke Restoration Procedures or it has stopped but there is no information on the duration of dissemination or what the exposure concentration might be; Other conditions may present a vapor or splash hazard.
Responders may use a Level B protective ensemble (use equipment certified to NFPA 1994 Class 2, NFPA 1992, or NFPA 1971 CBRN protective ensembles when available as a first choice) with an exposed or Fire Smoke Restoration Procedures enclosed NIOSH-certified CBRN SCBA if the situation can be defined in which: The suspected biological aerosol is no longer being generated.
Other conditions may present additional hazards, such as a splash hazard. (Note: NFPA 1994 Class 4 does not have a requirement to provide limited protection against liquid or Fire Smoke Restoration Procedures chemical hazards). Responders may use a level C protective ensemble (use equipment certified to NFPA 1994 class 3 or 4 or certified as NFPA 1999 protective ensemble when available as a first choice) with a CBRN full face piece APR or CBRN full face piece powered air-purifying respirator (PAPR) when it can be determined that.
The suspected biological aerosol is no longer being generated; The biological agent and Fire Smoke Restoration Procedures hazard level have been defined;o Dissemination was by a letter or package that can be easily bagged.When a risk assessment has been conducted by qualified safety and health experts, responders may use alternate PPE.
Including non-CBRN level C protective ensembles with a full facepiece particulate respirator (N100 or P100 filters) or PAPR with high efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filters, in conjunction with disposable hooded coveralls, gloves, and Fire Smoke Restoration Procedures foot coverings as appropriate.In certain specialized situations.
Half-mask filtering facepiece respirators in conjunction with reduced levels of dermal protection may be considered, Fire Smoke Restoration Procedures but it should be recognized that this level of PPE may not provide sufficient exposure reduction for many situations. Several parameters must be assessed when making a decision to downgrade the ensemble.
These include knowledge of the source and extent of contamination, the level of uncertainty in the risk assessment, specific activities to be conducted, investigator experience, Fire Smoke Restoration Procedures contingency/backup plans, length of time in the contaminated area, provision for immunization and post-exposure prophylaxis, etc.
A decision of this nature should be carefully evaluated and made by industrial hygiene, safety, and medical personnel in conjunction with the incident commander and Fire Smoke Restoration Procedures other appropriate public health authorities. NIOSH recommends against wearing standard firefighter turnout gear into potentially contaminated areas when responding to reports of terrorist activities involving biological agents, provided there are no other hazards that would require turnout gear.
Proper decontamination of protective equipment and Fire Smoke Restoration Procedures clothing will ensure that any particles that might have settled on the outside of protective equipment are removed before taking off gear. Decontamination sequences currently used for hazardous material emergencies should be used as appropriate for the level of protection employed and agent encountered.
For example, PPE can be decontaminated using soap and water, Fire Smoke Restoration Procedures and 0.5% hypochlorite solution (one part household bleach to 10 parts water) with an appropriate contact time can be used. Note that bleach may damage some types of firefighter turnout gear (one reason why it should not be used for biological agent response actions).
After taking off gear, Fire Smoke Restoration Procedures response workers should shower using copious quantities of soap and water. Bleach should not be used to decontaminate response workers. Note that all NFPA 1994 ensembles are intended to be disposable after a single exposure use.
This document was prepared by the staff of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) with input from the Fire Smoke Restoration Procedures Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA). Les Boord, Director, NIOSH National Personal Protective Technology Laboratory (NPPTL) had overall responsibility for the document.
William Haskell (NIOSH) was the project director.The following Fire Smoke Restoration Procedures contributors are acknowledged: John Decker (NIOSH), Nadia ElAyouby (NIOSH), Debra Flagg (EPA), Robert Koedam (NIOSH), Andrew Levinson(OSHA), Angie Shepherd (NIOSH), Judi Coyne (NIOSH) and Bruce Teele (NFPA).
The members of the InterAgency Board (IAB)ÃÂPersonal Protective & Operational Equipment (PP&OE) Subgroup are acknowledged for their expertise and guidance inthe development of this document.The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and Fire Smoke Restoration Procedures the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) are acknowledged for endorsing the need for this document to aid emergency responders.
Vanessa Becks provided editorial support and contributed to the design, graphics, and layout of this document. This Fire Smoke Restoration Procedures guidance document provides local, State and Federal emergency response entities with comparison information on the Occupational Safety and Health Administration/Environmental Protection Agency (OSHA/EPA)
Protection Levels A, B, and C to Department of Homeland Security (DHS) adopted Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Fire Smoke Restoration Procedures performance based standards for response to terrorism incidents involving Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear (CBRN) hazards Definitions CBRN: An abbreviation for chemicals, biological agents, and radiological particulate hazards.
CBRN terrorism agents: Chemicals, biological agents, and Fire Smoke Restoration Procedures radiological particulates that could be potentially released as an act of terrorism. (See Chemical Terrorism Agents, Biological Terrorism Agents, Radiological Particulate Terrorism Agents).
Chemical terrorism agents: Liquid, solid, gaseous, and vapor chemical warfare agents and Fire Smoke Restoration Procedures industrial chemicals used to inflict lethal or incapacitating casualties as a result of a terrorist attack. Biological terrorism agents: Liquid or particulate agents that can consist of a biologically-derived toxin or pathogen used to inflict lethal or incapacitating causalities as aresult of a terrorist attack.
Minerals consist of atoms that may be arranged inÂ random order or in a regular arrangement. Amorphous materials have atoms in random order while crystalline materials have long range order. ManyÂ Asbestos Abatement Remove Asbestos Tile In The HomeÂ materials are transparent to light, at least for small particles or read more..
Northeasterly shear relaxed over Ike early on 6 September while the hurricane was moving west-southwestward towards the Turks and Caicos Islands. The storm responded with deep convection redeveloping over the northern semicircle and Emergency Board up How To Install Metal Fencing quickly returned to Category 4 status by 1800 UTC 6 read more..
In areas where fires are likely to occur, state and local public health agencies should consider running pre-season public service announcements (PSAs) or news releases to advise the public on how to prepare for the fire season. PSAs should be simple (e.g., the season for wildfires is approaching; t read more..
Wind Damage Water Damage caused by severe weather, documentation is crucial in most insurance claims. These typically involve owners of homes trying to document damage to cars or houses caused by hail. However, storm damage reports are limited usually to the more spectacular incidents. Moreover, the amount of ti read more..
Contractors were told that they needed to (a) begin to use safer equipment such as HEPA-filtered vacuums (high efficiency particulate air) (engineering controls); (b) change certain high-risk work practices, such as uncontrolled power sanding on lead paint (behavioral change); and Lead Paint Removal Contractors Information On Lead Paint Removal (c) read more..
Mold Health Risks Molds are small organisms found almost everywhere, inside and outside, including on plants, foods and dry leaves. Molds are beneficial to the environment and are needed to break down dead material. Very tiny and lightweight, mold spores travel easily through the air. When molds are read more..
When a building that has electronic equipment stored in it has sustained a certain amount of fire, this will release the fire alarm and employing the fire sprinklers sending water into the fragile components. When this happens the equipment must be taken to a Electronic Restoration Fire Damage restoration facility where t read more..
The purpose of this bulletin is to provide claims guidance regarding coverage for structural drying under the Standard Flood Insurance Policy (SFIP). This paper assumes some knowledge on the part of the reader, but reference to the glossary and other addenda can be helpful. The SFIP pays the cost to read more..
Assess weight-based rather than volume based payment for debris collection and investigate whether such systems could be efficiently linked to debris payment accounting systems. Management Comments and OIG Analysis FEMA generally concurs with all of these recommendations, but notes that the Age read more..
Recommendation #8: Modify disaster assistance employee deployment processes to ensure that Incident Management Assistance Teams and Flood Damage Flooding Garbage Cleanup other FEMA first responders include one or more debris specialists with the experience and managementskills to assist communities in the crucial early st read more..