Electronic Restoration >> How To Clean Fire Damaged Electronic Circuits

Silicone outgasses and is a concern even in a cable configuration where the outer jacket can protect the system from small amounts of enclosed outgassing material. Current product typically contains relatively large quantities of silicone. The Gore-Tex®construction has not yet been evaluated. The task of stripping polyamide coated fiber is not trivial. Polyamide coating can be stripped only with hot sulfuric acid for space flight applications; hot sulfuric acid can be dangerous How To Clean Fire Damaged Electronic Circuits and is not portable. 

Mechanical stripping methods are not recommended for flight cable assemblies because they can introduce surface flaws to the glass fiber, How To Clean Fire Damaged Electronic Circuits compromising long-term reliability. Connector manufacturers have tried to circumventthis problem by offering a ferrule hole size that will accommodate the unstrippedpolyamide coating's outer diameter. 

This approach has not been accepted readily by theindustry because it makes the connectors considerably more expensive and forces theuser to commit to a non-standard configuration. When used in single mode applications,where perfect alignments are crucial to limiting the insertion losses, How To Clean Fire Damaged Electronic Circuits the polyamide coating still must be removed before terminating the fiber due to the tighter toleranceconstraints of single mode connectors.

Hermetic polyamides over amorphous carbon coatings are susceptible to failure. The failure mode for one loose tube cable configuration was How To Clean Fire Damaged Electronic Circuits determined to be caused bymethod of extrusion. The full analysis is contained in reference 7, the "ISS Fiber OpticFailure Investigation Root Cause Report." There have been no reports of hermeticpolyamide coated optical fiber failures in tight tube configurations. 

Currently,nonhermetic coatings are recommended over hermetic when feasible.CABLESThe standard cable construction includes the coated fiber, which is supplied by a fibermanufacturer and has a unique part number, a tight or loose tube buffer, How To Clean Fire Damaged Electronic Circuits woven or spiraled strength members, and an outer jacket. 

Each cable component performs animportant function in the overall mechanical reliability of the terminated fiber. Thecoating, which is physically in contact with the fiber, greatly affects optical performance.Part number traceability is limited to the finished cable and the coated fiber.The performance and How To Clean Fire Damaged Electronic Circuits manufacturability of cables are heavily dependent on the materialsused. 

Most optical cable jackets considered for use in space flight are extruded Teflon orTefzel. The materials currently in use for loose tube buffers are Teflon, Tefzel, Kynar(PVDF) or Hytrel, tight fiberglass or Kevlar (Aramid). Properties of these How To Clean Fire Damaged Electronic Circuits materials areoutlined in Table 1. A validation test should be conducted on connector ferrule hole dimensions andtolerances prior to procurement. 

This test ensures that the fiber will be reliably centeredin the hole after termination. This How To Clean Fire Damaged Electronic Circuits test is particularly important when inspecting nonstandard ferrule sizes. The ferrule sizes that are commonly used are 125 or 140 microns.An excessive amount of epoxy will be required if the ferrule hole is too large for the barefiber outer diameter. 

The terminated fiber will not mate How To Clean Fire Damaged Electronic Circuits properly to another if amismatch is created due to non-concentric fiber placement within the ferrule. Terminated fiber end faces must be visually inspected at 200X to ensure that the position of the fiberis central to the hole of the ferrule.

MATERIAL OUTGASSING Selection and How To Clean Fire Damaged Electronic Circuits use of non-metallic materials in cables shall be traceable to test reportswith acceptable levels of TML and CVCM as listed in NASA reference publication 1124(outgassing data for selecting spacecraft materials) or NASA MSFC Handbook 527(Materials Selection List for Space Hardware Systems). 

However, materials listed asacceptable in these publications may have been baked out for evaluation, How To Clean Fire Damaged Electronic Circuits and the usermay have to repeat the same processing. This processing usually consists of a vacuumbakeout of 125 °C and a vacuum of 10 -6 TORR for 24 hours.Acrylate optical fiber coating does not pass the ASTM 595E vacuum outgas test.

However, it can be used in a non-outgassing cable configuration. Other materials that areprone to outgassing in a vacuum environment are the epoxies used for terminating assemblies, connector boot materials, cable configuration materials, How To Clean Fire Damaged Electronic Circuits and all plasticconnector parts. In the past Kevlar was considered to be a contamination concern forassemblies; it will absorb 3% of its weight in moisture. 

Any absorbed water shall bedriven off with a thermal preconditioning step prior to How To Clean Fire Damaged Electronic Circuits termination. At present there are only a few epoxies qualified for space flight cable assemblies. Goddard Space Flight Center uses Tra-Con Bipax and Tra-Bond BA-F253 for fiber opticspace flight cable assemblies using the Johanson FC connector. 

EPO-TEK 353ND isused for termination of the Diamond AVIMS. Two epoxies from AngstromBond were recently tested for their outgassing characteristics both inside How To Clean Fire Damaged Electronic Circuits and outside of a cable configuration. The two test epoxies usedin the experiment were the AngstromBond AB9119 and the AngstromBond 9112 fiberoptic epoxies. 

The cable test showed inconclusive results. The ASTM 595  E test conducted on the epoxies alone showed that the Angstrom Bond AB9119 passed whilethe AngstromBond 9112 did not [8].TERMINATIONS The termination process must be well understood How To Clean Fire Damaged Electronic Circuits and controlled in order to reduce thechance of inducing surface crack growth in the fiber. 

Crack growth can be inducedduring any step of the termination process. The proper epoxies and strain relief materialsmust be used to avoid radial or How To Clean Fire Damaged Electronic Circuits lateral stress on the fiber. Crack growth can be a longterm failure mechanism that is difficult to simulate in the laboratory. All terminatedcable assembly preparation work must be performed using space flight procedures including those found in NASA-STD-8739.5, Fiber Optic Terminations, Cable Assemblies, and Installation. 

Termination techniques that are appropriate for highly reliable assemblies in space flight environments are well understood How To Clean Fire Damaged Electronic Circuits and practiced by theAPIM laboratory. Code 562's past experience has been that it is very time consumingand difficult to ensure that commercial vendors fabricate assemblies in compliance withNASA-STD-8739.5. 

Due to this experience, in-house fabrication is recommended. All cable must be thermally preconditioned prior to termination. During terminationchemical stripping is used to remove optical fiber coatings. Performing a strippability validation test is recommended for flight fiber to ensure that space flight termination procedures can be accomplished. Other methods of stripping fiber are available, How To Clean Fire Damaged Electronic Circuits but noneat present have been approved at GSFC for space flight terminations.HANDLING

Call A Lead Paint Removal Specialist

Paint or varnish peeling, chipping or flaking? Mop floors to clean instead of sweeping. Carpets are good to cover painted wood floors. Wet scrape or wet sand to avoid creating dust: repaint surface with two coats of paint; encapsulant paint is the best. Painted Furniture & toys have paint chi  read more..

Storm Damage Roof Insurance Claim

Special hazards posed by derechos in urban areas Whether in an urban or rural area, those out-of-doors are at greatest risk of being killed or injured in a derecho. But of particular significance in urban areas is the vulnerability of electrical lines to high winds and Wind Damage Storm Damage Roof Insurance Claim falling trees.&  read more..

How To Report Suspected Meth Activity

Cleanup Guidelines for Properties Quarantined Due to ClandestineDrug Laboratory ActivitiesIntroduction This document is designed to assist property owners on the appropriatesteps necessary to Meth Lab Cleanup How To Report Suspected Meth Activity remove a Louisville Metro Health Department quarantine order due topresence of hazardous substance  read more..

Ceiling Leak Under Bathroom

For constant boundary conditions, a homogeneous material, and a fully developed moisture profile, the signal velocity of this profile inside the material is constant over the square root of time. This is well known and frequently observed for water absorption, Structural Drying Ceiling Leak Under Bathroom but it applies similarly  read more..

How Painting Pros Deal With Lead Paint

Task-specific exposure monitoring consisted of 30-min samples each measuring the exposure associated with work on one visually uniform paint surface, using one specific surface preparation work method. Task-specific exposure monitoring of exposures to construction workers allows mo  read more..

Compulsive Hoarding

In the case of a compulsive hoarder, fire damage has occurred from time to time. Because of the condition of the house, where the Smoke Damage Compulsive Hoarding takes place, where empty packaging that should have been discarded will pile up next to their stove creating a unsafe fire h  read more..

Flood Damage

In the ideal worlds, edifices can be designed so that flooding can never happen; however, in the real world, water sometimes gets out of control in all edifices. When a water emergency happens, rapid reaction to seepage, spillage, flooding, water damage, or backups has most benefits. Rapid re  read more..

How To Restore Water Damaged Pictures

Libraries, archives, museums, and historical societies are responsible not only for collecting, interpreting, and exhibiting significant materials that document history, but also for the long-term preservation, security, and accessibility of these Document restoration How To Restore Water Damaged Pictures materials.

The American Associa  read more..

How To Restore Vintage Paper

Proper Care and Handling of Books Taking care when handling any collection item, especially functional items like books with flexing parts, is one of the more effective, cost-efficient, Document restoration How To Restore Vintage Paper and easily achieved preservation measures.

Take proper care when handling books by: Having cl  read more..

Desiccant Vs Mechanical Dehumidification

System description and operation principle Various low-temperature desalination units have been constructed base on the principle of humidification-dehumidification. The basic principle of all these techniques is to convert salt water to humidified air and Dehumidification Desiccant Vs Mechanical Dehumidification then condense the water vapo  read more..