Emergency Board up >> Some Safety Measures To Take Before, During And After A Hurricane

If Evacuation Is Necessary If officials order evacuation, leave as soon as possible. Avoid flooded roads and watch for washed-out bridges.Secure your home. Unplug appliances and turn off electricity and the main water valve. If time permits, Some Safety Measures To Take Before, During And After A Hurricane elevate furniture to protect it from flooding or move it to a higher floor.

Take your pre-assembled emergency supplies and warm, protective clothing Surviving the Storm is a special edition of the Recovery Times newsletter, Some Safety Measures To Take Before, During And After A Hurricane developed by the U.S.Department of Homeland Security/FEMA.Copies of Surviving the Storm are available on the FEMA Web site: www.fema.gov Aileen Cooper, Editor, DHS/FEMAOffice of Public Affairs.

What to Do About Hurricanes Additional Resources Current Tropical Weather Archives Strengthening Your Home After Hurricane Andrew, Some Safety Measures To Take Before, During And After A Hurricane which caused large- scale destruction in parts of southern Florida in 1992, a team of experts examined homes that failed and ones that survived. They found four areas that should be checked for vulnerability to strong winds: the roof, windows, doors and garage doors. 

Measures can be taken to strengthen each Some Safety Measures To Take Before, During And After A Hurricane of these areas of your home. Roof The roof of your house is most vulnerable to damage from high winds. Proper roof construction is essential. A small investment made before a storm hits can save thousands in future damage.The connection between the roof and walls must be strong enough to resist the "uplift" effect of strong winds. 

Roof trusses or rafters should be tied properly to exterior walls with metal hurricane connectors or straps. Have a building professional use specially designed metal connectors to attach the roof to wall plates, Some Safety Measures To Take Before, During And After A Hurricane which are already well connected to wall studs.You may choose instead to use metal strapping or connectors to tie the roof truss to both the wall top plate and the wall studs (see Figure 1). 

Special connectors also are available to attach a roof to a masonry wall.Gable-end roofs are more suseptible to damage from high winds than hip or flat roofs. Bracing for trusses and rafters can add protection to your home. In choosing the appropriate connectors for your walls, Some Safety Measures To Take Before, During And After A Hurricane check with lumber-supply outlets, a building professional or local building and planning officials.

Windows Installing storm shutters over all exposed windows and other glass surfaces is one of the easiest and Some Safety Measures To Take Before, During And After A Hurricane most effective ways to protect your home. Cover all windows, French doors, sliding glass doors and skylights.There are many types of manufactured storm shutters available. Before installing shutters, check with local building officials to find out whether or not a permit is required.

Plywood shutters that you make yourself, if installed properly, Some Safety Measures To Take Before, During And After A Hurricane can offer a high level of protection from flying debris during a hurricane. Plywood shutters can be installed on all types of homes.DoorsIf you have double-entry doors, one is active and one is inactive. Check to see how the fixed half is secured top and bottom. 

The bolts or pins that secure most doors are not strong enough to withstand hurricane winds. Check with your local building supplies retailer to find out Some Safety Measures To Take Before, During And After A Hurricane what kind of bolt system will work for your door. Doors with windows will need additional protection from flying debris.Garage Doors Double-wide (two-car) garage doors can pose a problem during hurricanes. 

Because they are so large, they wobble as high winds blow and Some Safety Measures To Take Before, During And After A Hurricane can pull out of their tracks or collapse from wind pressure.Certain parts of the country have building codes requiring garage doors that withstand high winds. Some garage doors can be strengthened with retrofit kits. Check with your local building supplies dealer.

More detailed Some Safety Measures To Take Before, During And After A Hurricane information on protecting your home from wind is available in the FEMA publication Against the Wind: Protecting Your Home from Hurricane Wind Damage. You will find it on the FEMA web site:http://www.fema.gov/pdf/hazards/agstwnd.pdf What to Do About Hurricanes Additional Resources Current Tropical Weather Archives 

Mobile Homes Require Special Precautions Mobile homes are particularly vulnerable to hurricane-force winds. Anchor the mobile home with over-the-top, or frame, ties. When a storm threatens, Some Safety Measures To Take Before, During And After A Hurricane do what you can to secure your home, then take refuge with friends or relatives or at a public shelter.Before you leave, take the following precautions:

Pack breakables in boxes and put them on the floor.Remove mirrors and tape them. Wrap mirrors and lamps in blankets Some Safety Measures To Take Before, During And After A Hurricane and place them in the bathtub or shower.Install hurricane shutters or precut plywood on all windows.Shut off utilities and disconnect electricity, sewer and water lines. Shut off propane tanks and leave them outside after anchoring them securely.

Store awnings, folding furniture, trashcans Some Safety Measures To Take Before, During And After A Hurricane and other loose outdoor objects.What to Do About Hurricanes Additional Resources Current Tropical Weather Archives Make Plans for Your Pets In planning for the hurricane season, do not forget your pets. If you evacuate your home, do not leave pets behind.

The Humane Society of the United States urges pet owners to make Some Safety Measures To Take Before, During And After A Hurricane arrangements to evacuate their animals. Be sure you have up-to-date identification tags, a pet carrier and a leash for them. Assemble a disaster kit that you can provide to whomever assumes care of your pet during a disaster. 

Most emergency shelters will not accept pets. In the event of evacuation, make alternative arrangements for pets, Some Safety Measures To Take Before, During And After A Hurricane such as with family friends, veterinarians or kennels in safe locations. Send medicine, food, feeding information and other supplies with them.What to Do About Hurricanes Additional Resources Current Tropical Weather Archives 

Planning Could Save Your Business If a hurricane is threatening the area where your business is located, Some Safety Measures To Take Before, During And After A Hurricane you can take actions ahead of time that will save damage and lost productivity. Clear out areas with extensive glass frontage as much as possible. If you have shutters, use them; otherwise, use precut plywood to board up doors and windows.

Remove outdoor hanging signs.Bring inside or secure any objects that might become airborne and cause damage in strong winds.Secure showcases. Use plywood to protect glass showcases or, if possible, Some Safety Measures To Take Before, During And After A Hurricane turn the glass side toward an inside wall.Store as much merchandise as high as possible off the floor, especially goods that could be in short supply after the storm.

Move merchandise that cannot be stored away from glass and cover it with tarpulins or heavy plastic.Secure all goods in warehouses off the floor, Some Safety Measures To Take Before, During And After A Hurricane and place sandbags in spaces where water could enter.Remove papers from lower drawers of desks and file cabinets and place them in plastic bags or containers on top of the cabinets.

Turn off water heaters, stoves, pilot lights and Some Safety Measures To Take Before, During And After A Hurricane other burners.What to Do About Hurricanes Additional Resources Current Tropical Weather Archives Danger: Flash Floods Nearly half of all flash flood fatalities are automobile related.Water weighs 62.4 lbs. per cubic foot and typically flows downstream at 6 to 12 mph.

When a vehicle stalls in water, Some Safety Measures To Take Before, During And After A Hurricane the water's momentum is transferred to the car. For each foot water rises, 500 lbs. of lateral force are applied to the car.But the biggest factor is buoyancy. For each foot that water rises up the side of the car, the car displaces 1500 lbs. of water. 

In effect, the car weighs 1500 lbs. less for each foot water rises.Two feet of water will carry away Some Safety Measures To Take Before, During And After A Hurricane most automobiles. From "Surviving the Storm: A Guide to Hurricane Preparedness" published by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security/Federal Emergency Management Agency

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