Flood Damage >> Prevent Flood Waters From Entering

By preparing for the next flood,you regain control over your future —a guaranteed way to reduce your level of anxiety and stress. You don't have to wait for the government to act; you can take care of protecting your home when you are ready. Prevent Flood Waters From Entering

Floodproofing won't make it possible for you to stay at home in a flood. But it is likely to make it much quicker and easier for you to clean up the next time.Before you repair or Prevent Flood Waters From Entering rebuild,the first thing you should do is talk to your town's or city's or county's building department.You will need to ask the following questions: 

What are the procedures forapplying for a building permit?What inspections will need tobe done? Is your home substantially damaged? (Substantially damagedmeans that the cost to restoreyour home to its "before damaged" condition would equal orexceed 50% of the market valueyour home had before the damage occurred.) Prevent Flood Waters From Entering

The flood protection level is the level of floodingthat you want your house to beable to withstand withoutdamage to your house or Prevent Flood Waters From Entering yourbelongings.Start by asking your buildingdepartment what flood protection level it requires for yourarea. 

If there has been a floodhigher than the level they giveyou, you should use that flood'slevel plus 1 or 2 feet for safety.The next flood may be worse. The next step is to decide if youwill be better off living in a different location, Prevent Flood Waters From Entering away from areas thatflood. 

Ask your building officialabout government agencies thatsometimes purchase property foropen space or flood protection inareas that flood—you may qualify.If you are sure that you willrepair or Prevent Flood Waters From Entering rebuild your house in theflood-prone area, choose thefloodproofing type that is best foryour home or property. there aregive basic types of floodproofingdescribed here, as well as rebuilding tips to help you safely repairand rebuild.

Five Types ofFloodproofing

1. ElevationMost buildings can be raised sothat the lowest floor is above thepossible flood level. If you hadfoundation damage from theflood, you may need to raise thehouse to repair it. It will be easier and Prevent Flood Waters From Entering cheaper to elevate the house atthat time.There should be many contractors qualified to undertake elevating your house above flood level.

Elevation or relocation are theonly reasonable ways to protectyour home if it is subject tocoastal flooding or to deep flooding (more than six feet deep.)Elevation and relocation are alsothe most dependable measures forfloodproofing your home. Prevent Flood Waters From Entering

An elevated building will need anew foundation. The contractorwill jack up a structure and temporarily set it on a temporaryframework called cribbing whilethe foundation is built underneath. The foundations of an elevated building may be columns,piers, pilings, Prevent Flood Waters From Entering or raised foundationwalls. 

The elevated building willusually look better and have addedprotection if fill dirt is placedaround the new foundation. Butcheck with your building department before adding fill dirt. Itmay not be allowed in your community. Prevent Flood Waters From Entering

2. RelocationMoving a building out of theflood-prone area is the surest wayto protect it from flood damage.Most houses and Prevent Flood Waters From Entering smaller commercial buildings in good conditioncan be moved, and it is usually noproblem to find contractors experienced in moving buildings. 

Youwill have to purchase a new lotunless your present lot is large andhas a good spot on higher groundfor your house. Relocation andelevation are the only reasonablechoices for protecting a home thatis subject to deep flooding (ofmore than six feet in depth) or Prevent Flood Waters From Entering tocoastal flooding.

3. FloodwallsFloodwalls, berms, and levees allwork to keep floodwaters fromreaching your house. They arebuilt to at least the height of theflood protection level in your area.Floodwalls are usually made of concrete. Berms are simply smalllevees, Prevent Flood Waters From Entering usually built from fill dirt.Floodwalls, berms, and leveescan either surround the building(ring levee) or connect to highground. 

They can also be built upagainst a building's foundationwalls. a sump and pump will beneeded to pump out water thatseeps under the wall. Floodwalls,levees, Prevent Flood Waters From Entering or berms may not beallowed in your area if they couldcreate a drainage problem on yourneighbor's property. check withyour building department beforeyou build.

Floodwalls of all types workbest in places where flooding isless than three feet deep. If floodwaters near your home developswift currents, floodwalls, levees,and berms cannot be used—theymay wash away. floodwalls andberms may not be appropriate forhomes with basements.If there is not enough room fora berm or levee, Prevent Flood Waters From Entering you may be ableto build a floodwall made of concrete, which takes up less room.

The walls should contain internalreinforcing bars to give addedstrength as well as to help wallsresist cracking and Prevent Flood Waters From Entering settling overtime. Walls must be properlyanchored to withstand the samewater pressure that can destroybasement walls. 

Move the main breaker or fusebox and the utility meters abovethe flood protection level for yourhome. Make sure each circuit islabeled so you know which circuits control which outlets andfixtures. If the electrical codeallows, raise the electrical outlets and Prevent Flood Waters From Entering switches above your floodprotection level.

If you are going to replace aflooded furnace, water heater, orair conditioner, install the new oneon a higher floor. If your new airconditioner or heat pump will beoutside, Prevent Flood Waters From Entering install it on a platformabove the flood protection level. awater heater can be put anywherenear a hot water pipe. 

An updraftfurnace located in a basement canbe replaced with a downdraft furnace on a floor above the floodprotection level. Where the flood protectionlevel is not too high, a furnace,water heater or Prevent Flood Waters From Entering other heavy appliance can also be raised on a platform inside the house. 

Put theappliance on concrete blocks or awooden platform supported byconcrete blocks. Make certainthat appliances such as washersand dryers are secure and will notvibrate off the blocks or platformduring use.  Prevent Flood Waters From Entering

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