Meth Lab Cleanup >> Methamphetamine Manufacturing

Methamphetamine Manufacturing and Common Manufacturing ChemicalsIn Kentucky, the majority of known meth Methamphetamine Manufacturing labs have used the Anhydrous Ammonia also known as theBirch or Nazi method (See Figure A, Methamphetamine Manufacturing Processes). These labs areable to produce small quantities of meth in a short period of time, earning these operations the name"user labs”. This process involves the extraction of ephedrine or pseudoephedrine from variouspharmaceutical products with organic solvents.
 
Once extracted, the ephedrine and/or pseudoephedrineis reduced using lithium or sodium metal in anhydrous ammonia Methamphetamine Manufacturing to create methamphetamine base.Subsequent acidification with hydrochloric acid generates the desired methamphetamine-hydrochloride(HCl) product – a process referred to as "salting out".Specific hazards presented by an anhydrous ammonia lab while cooking include flammability, irritation,toxicity, and oxygen deprivation created by the concentrated ammonia atmospheres.
 
In addition, lithiumand sodium metals are extremely corrosive and react violently with water resulting in a fire or explosion.The other common method is the Red Phosphorous method (commonly called the "Red P" method).This production method also uses Methamphetamine Manufacturing extracted ephedrine or pseudoephedrine as their chemical precursor.However in this method, the reduction of ephedrine/pseudoephedrine occurs through a series ofchemical substitutions using hydriodic acid and red phosphorus. Due to the nature of this chemicalprocess, the "Red P” method often generates more side products and impurities that increase theproduction hazards.
 
 Like the anhydrous ammonia method, the final methamphetamine-HCl collectionstep involves a "salting out" process with hydrogen chloride gas. Specific hazards presented by a "Red P” lab while Methamphetamine Manufacturing cooking include the production of phosphine gaswhich is flammable, explosive, and a respiratory tract irritant, the risk of red phosphorus converting toyellow (or white) phosphorus which can ignite spontaneously in moist air, and the acutely corrosiveatmospheres due to the use of acids and sodium hydroxide. Red phosphorus: Ingredient that can be used in the manufacture of meth; the strike plate on abook of matches is a frequently used source of red phosphorus.
 
Related hazardous material or hazardous waste: Any hazardous waste as defined in thischapter or hazardous material as defined in KRS 174.405 that is related to the clandestineproduction of Methamphetamine Manufacturing methamphetamine.Release: The spilling, leaking, or discharging of a hazardous substance into the air, soil orsurface or ground water.Remediation: See decontamination.
 
Removal: The act of elimination, transfer or withdrawal of a substance from a location.Residues: Contamination that remains Methamphetamine Manufacturing at a site after cleanup has been completed.Contaminants may be left behind at a site if the concentrations are too low to cause harm, or if itis not cost-effective to remove all of the contaminants and the risks are deemed minimal.Respirator: A device designed to protect the wearer from inhalation of harmful atmospheres orair containing harmful chemicals and particulates. Respirators are required upon initial entranceinto a clandestine drug lab.
 
Risk: The probability that something may cause injury or harm.Route of Exposure: Way people come into contact with a hazardous substance. Threecommon routes of environmental exposure are inhalation, ingestion, or dermal contact.Semi-volatile: Substances that Methamphetamine Manufacturing slowly evaporate at normal temperatures and/or pressures.Septic System: A small scale, typically private waste management system. Most often usedfor homes/facilities in rural areas, the system usually contains a settling tank and a drainfield,which may cause groundwater contamination if not working properly.
 
Solvent: A liquid capable of dissolving or dispersing another substance (for example, acetone,methanol or mineral spirits). Exposure to solvents can irritate the skin, mucous membranes,respiratory tract, and cause adverse effects on the central nervous system.Source of Contamination: The place where a hazardous substance comes from, such as alandfill, waste pond, incinerator, storage tank, or drum. A source of contamination may be thefirst part of an exposure pathway. - 37 -Sources of Airborne Particulates include dust, combustion products associated with motorvehicle or non-road engine exhausts, emissions Methamphetamine Manufacturing from industrial processes, combustion productsfrom the burning of wood and coal, and reactions of gases in the atmosphere.Structure: A dwelling, building, or other constructed or pre-fabricated enclosure.
 
Non-occupied (Non-occupancy) Structure: A structure not intended for primary occupancy bypeople. These structures include but are not limited to detached garages, barns, pole barns,sheds, outbuildings, silos and chicken coops.Occupied (Occupancy) Structure: A structure, where occupants inhabit for an indeterminateamount of time, as to where they would be exposed to substances. These structures include Methamphetamine Manufacturing but are not limited to a residential structure, such as a house, apartment, or manufactured home andany structure on the property that has a similar potential for exposure including child playhouses,etc. Any structure that is attached to an occupancy structure such as an attached garage isconsidered part of that structure.
 
 Any structure that, in the future, might be converted to anoccupancy structure should be cleaned as such.Substance: A material of a particular kind or chemical constitution that is deemed harmful andusually subject to legal restriction.Surface Material: Any porous or Methamphetamine Manufacturing nonporous substance common to the interior of a building orstructure, including but not limited to ceilings and walls, window coverings, floor and floorcoverings, counters, furniture, heating and cooling duct work, and any other surface to whichinhabitants of the building or structure may be exposed.Surface Water: Water on the surface of the earth, such as in lakes, rivers, streams and ponds.Surrogate: A substitute.
 
Toxic Agent: Chemical or physical (for example, radiation, heat, cold, microwaves) agents,which under certain circumstances of exposure, may cause adverse health effects to livingorganisms.Vapor: The Methamphetamine Manufacturing gaseous phase of a substance that is normally liquid or solid. Some hazardoussubstances can vaporize (become vapor) while in the soil or groundwater, filling air spaces in thesoil or intruding into overlying buildings.Ventilation: To circulate air, typically replacing stale or noxious air with fresh air. This is arequired first step in the decontamination process.
 
Volatile: Evaporating readily at normal temperatures and pressures. Volatile substances canbe readily vaporized.Volatile Methamphetamine Manufacturing Compounds (VOCs): Compounds that are in most cases organic in composition andevaporate readily into the air. VOCs include substances such as benzene and toluene, whichcan be used in the manufacturing of meth. Ammonia is also considered a volatile compound butis inorganic.

Ozone Generators What You Need To Know

Ozone Generators What You Need to Know Many people who want to improve the quality of the air inside of their homes are unknowingly making it worse by using air purifiers that intentionally produce ozone, also called ozone generators.The Connecticut Department of Public Health (CT DPH) recommends th  read more..

How To Clean Up A Water Leak In Your Basement Fast

Only two of these four ways to insulate a basement realistically apply: from the interior or from the middle of the wall. It is possible to insulate an existing wall from both the interior and the exterior, but practicality would suggest that such an approach would also be rare because insulati  read more..

OSHA Requirements For Crime Scene Death Cleanup

A common theme among the commenters concerned with home health care is the environment in which the care must be rendered. For example, one group stated: ... Unlike other types of providers, home health agencies (HHAs) do not control the worksite. Crime Scene Cleanup OSHA Requirements For Crime Scene Death Cleanup The worksite is the patient's home; t  read more..

Tips For Cleaning Smoke Damage

Walls and Ceilings. Allow soot to dry untouched for at least 24 hours. Trying to remove soot before it has dried will only spread the stain and make it permanent. After soot has dried, clean walls or ceilings with the same tri-sodium phosphate and Lysol mix described above for cleaning clothes. Wear  read more..

Water Damage Electronic Restoration Classes

When candidate plug or receptacle D-subminiature, microminiature or printed circuit connectors are submitted for qualification, completely assembled mated pairs shall be used. Connectors shall have a full complement of contacts. For Level 1 qualification, three mated pairs shall be prepared. For Lev  read more..

How To Repair A Fire Damaged Wood Floor

Each year the National Fire Protection Association’s (NFPA) Standards Council recognizes individuals for outstanding service to the organization in the development of codes and Fire Damage How To Repair A Fire Damaged Wood Floor standards. Awards will be presented to 35 individuals at the World Safety Conference & Exposition ® taking   read more..

Freeze Dry Documents For Water Restoration

About 25 Alabama counties are already preparing loose marriage licenses, divorces, estate case files, and Confederate pension records for microfilming by the GSU. Another 15 counties have expressed interest in starting a loose records project. If your county government, historical society or genealo  read more..

Black Mold

Skin and Eye Protection Gloves are required to protect the skin from contact with mold allergens (and in some cases black mold toxins) Mold Remediation Black Mold and from potentially irritating cleaning solutions. Long gloves that extend to the middle of the forearm are recommended. The glove material shou  read more..

Garbage Left By Flooding

Recommendation #8: Modify disaster assistance employee deployment processes to ensure that Incident Management Assistance Teams and other FEMA first responders include one or more debris specialists with the experience and management skills to assist communities in the crucial early stages of planni  read more..

Water Removal

Did you know the average residential house loses 14% of the water delivered to leaks? In an average home, 22 gallons of water are lost to leakage every day, and the usual suspects are leaking toilets or dripping faucets. This daily leakage amount is about eq  read more..