Meth Lab Cleanup >> OSHA Requirements For Meth Lab Cleanup
The decontamination standard set by Kentuckys meth cleanup law is 0.1 micrograms of meth per100 square centimeters (0.1 ug/100 cm2) of surface materials. See Section V. InteriorDecontamination Procedures for the decontamination procedures for each tiered cleanup response.When states originally established cleanup standards for meth, due OSHA Requirements For Meth Lab Cleanup to lack of health effects informationand toxicity data, they were based primarily on the lowest level an analytical laboratory could reliablyachieve. Many states currently use a cleanup standard ranging from 0.05 to 0.5 micrograms ofmethamphetamine per one hundred square centimeters (ug/100 cm2) for meth in surface wipe samples.
However, a 2005 study by the Colorado Department for Public Health and the Environment found that thecleanup standards used OSHA Requirements For Meth Lab Cleanup by several states including Kentucky are protective of human health based onexpected child and adult exposure. Furthermore, research from the State of Minnesota has shown that sampling for meth may not be areliable measure of the entire volume of meth in a structure. Therefore, this guidance focuses heavilyon a decontamination process that is practical and can be implemented coupled with thecollection of post-decontamination samples to confirm that the standard has been achieved.
The goal of the overall cleanup process is to reduce risk to future occupants by reducing exposure tocontamination, through a combination of cleaning, disposal, decontamination and OSHA Requirements For Meth Lab Cleanup encapsulation activitiesdescribed in this guidance.All contaminated properties that have been posted by the health department or law enforcementshall undergo decontamination actions based on the tiered response level that has been recommendedfor the property by law enforcement in the Clandestine Drug Lab Preliminary Assessment Tier SelectionCriteria, DEP 1016 January 2009.
This is further discussed in Section V. Interior Decontamination.This guidance is based on the presumption that all rooms and all structures on a meth manufacturers property are considered potentially contaminated. Therefore, these are the standards set forth by this OSHA Requirements For Meth Lab Cleanup guidance:
All inhabitable properties containing a meth lab or chemicals shall be decontaminated followingthe procedures in this guidance.
All non-occupied structures on a property where meth labs or chemicals are found shall beinspected. They shall be decontaminated if necessary. This includes outbuildings, detachedgarages, and sheds. These structures are likely locations of storage of chemicals and finished products.
III. CHEMICAL SAMPLING/DECONTAMINATION STANDARDS
A. Meth Wipe Sampling(See Appendix B.1. for sampling procedures)Meth wipe samples are typically collected by wiping a wall or other hard surface with a solventdampened wipe. Gauze pads, sponges or filter paper wetted with methanol are often used for surfacewipes. For many OSHA Requirements For Meth Lab Cleanup building materials, the amount of meth removed by wipe collection from the surface is asmall fraction of the total amount of meth present in the building material due to the materials surfacetexture and porosity.
Meth wipe samples may be taken as part of the Preliminary Assessment conductedby the certified contractor to help determine site conditions before decontamination and to possibly helpin guiding cleanup efforts. However, wipe samples of the surfaces most likely to be contaminated,shall be taken following decontamination activities to demonstrate compliance with thedecontamination standard of 0.1 ug meth per 100 square centimeters (0.1 ug/100 cm2). SeeAppendix B.1 for required procedures for wipe sampling and OSHA Requirements For Meth Lab Cleanup refer to Section VI. Post-DecontaminationSampling of this guidance for specific meth sampling locations, and analytical requirements.
Several meth wipe sampling kits are available by a OSHA Requirements For Meth Lab Cleanup number of vendors, and are useful in screening areas todetermine if additional decontamination may be necessary or if one should collect quantitative wipesamples to meet the standard. However, results from wipe sample kits cannot be used for finalpost-decontamination sampling to meet the decontamination standard. Decontamination StandardsIndoor chemical-specific testing and screening recommendations and requirements are listed in Table 1below and described further in the following text.
All areas tested must be photographed to document thelocation of the sampled area. Chemical screening shall be OSHA Requirements For Meth Lab Cleanup conducted during the assessment anddecontamination.Table 1: Decontamination StandardsChemical Decontamination Standard**Methamphetamine 0.1 ÃÂµg/ 100 cm2(all surface materials)Corrosives(Acids/Bases) pH 6-8Volatile Compounds < 1 ppm total volatiles in air (PID or FID)Lead* Contact KDWM for standards and sampling requirementsMercury* Contact KDWM for standards and sampling requirements*Testing for lead and mercury may only be necessary for P2P (Amalgam) labs.**Testing that is required for all discovered meth labs.
Corrosives: Commonly used corrosives include but are not limited to Hydrochloric Acid, Sulfuric Acid,Sodium Hydroxide, Anhydrous Ammonia, Phosphoric Acid and Muriatic Acid. Surface pH testing duringthe assessment and decontamination process may be conducted. See Appendix B.2 for requiredsampling procedure.Volatile Chemicals (VOCs): Commonly used VOCs (solvents) include but are not limited to Acetone,Benzene, Ether, Freon, Hexane, Isopropanol, Methanol, OSHA Requirements For Meth Lab Cleanup Toluene and Xylene. Ammonia also is a volatileinorganic compound that can be detected through screening.
VOC screening should be conducted in allrooms of OSHA Requirements For Meth Lab Cleanup the structure, for the safety of workers as well as for assessment purposes and to verifydecontamination. VOC screening can also be used to detect sources of residual organic vaporcontamination, such as in heating vents, plumbing and sewers. See Appendix B.2 for required samplingprocedurePhosphorus and Iodine: Removal of stained materials is the best means of remediating contaminationinvolving red phosphorus, iodine crystals, and tincture of iodine. Spray starch can be used as a screenfor the presence of iodine residues.
When removal of stained material is not a reasonable option (such ason a concrete floor), the surface can be power-washed, allowed to dry, and then sealed.Mercury and Lead: P2P (Amalgam) meth labs involve the use of lead acetate and mercuric chloride.Typically, the processes (methods using phenyl-2-propanine (P2P) precursor) that used lead andmercuric compounds have been abandoned in favor of simpler methods using lithium or sodium metal, orred phosphorus and OSHA Requirements For Meth Lab Cleanup iodine. Decontamination of an inhabitable property in Kentucky shall be completed by a contractor certified bythe Energy and Environment Cabinet.
The certified contractor shall conduct meth lab assessment,sampling and decontamination using the procedures of this guidance, and in accordance with KRS224.01-410. In addition to OSHA Requirements For Meth Lab Cleanup other requirements, the certified contractor is required to attend KyOSHrequired HAZWOPER safety training. A number of states including Tennessee and Indiana, as well asprivate vendors offer meth lab cleanup training that would be beneficial in developing an understanding ofthe issues affecting meth lab sites and decontamination. See KDWMs webpage for links to other states programs for information on upcoming training classes.
The minimum cleanup requirement includes all steps in Tier 1 Response in addition tothe following: Wash and clean all appliances thoroughly. After cleanup is accomplished, ventilate property for 72 hours. If appropriate,use litmus paper to target areas of potential concern. Alternatively heat a read more..
Mold remediation, water removal Standing water is a breeding ground for a wide range of micro-organisms and insects, such as mosquitoes. Mosquitoes can spread diseases like West Nile Virus. Micro-organisms, including bacteria and mold, can become airborne and be inhaled. Where floodwater is highly c read more..
The physical examination should emphasize the neurological, gastrointestinal, and cardiovascular systems. The worker's weight and blood pressure should be recorded and the oral mucosa checked for pigmentation characteristic of a possible Burtonian or lead line on the gingiva. It should be noted, how read more..
Mold In Your Home? You may have mold and/or mildew growing in your home if your home has water damage due to: Flooding Sewage back-up Plumbing or roof leaks A damp basement or crawl space Overflows from sinks or bathtub High humidity (steam cooking, Mold Remediation How To Remove Toxic Black Mold dryer vents) Mold and mildew will d read more..
You and your family have been through a disaster. Your life has been turned upside down, and it will take time for things to return to normal. Take a few minutes to review the safety and Flood Damage How To Plan For A Flood health precautions listed at the top of this document.
Also, you should watch out for sympt read more..
This article is on the subject of Smoke Damage Earthquake Damage from an investigation on the education of dangerous defense techniques for water restoration companies. One important factor is to think about earthquake and earthquake caused dangers like fire and smoke. This article is concentrated on an earthquake and read more..
Cleanup Recommendations for Specific Situations Surface mold due to condensation less than 10 square feet Examples - bathroom ceiling, exterior wall in a closet, exterior wall behind furniture, boxes, shelving Correct the problem that caused condensation. Wash the mold area with soapy wat read more..
Does the paint and dirt at my house have lead in it? If your home was built before 1978 it may have been painted inside and outside with paint that has lead in it. The dirt outside of these homes may also have lead in it. Have your paint and dirt tested for lead. Call your local Lead Poisoning Preve read more..
Plywood shutters that you create yourself, if placed correctly, could provide a high degree of Odor Control Wind Damage And Emergency Board Up coverage from flying debris during a storm. Plywood shutters could be placed on all kinds of houses. Measure every window and every door that has glass, and add 8 inches to all the height and w read more..
I got my flu vaccine last year; do I need another one this year?Yes. Flu vaccination is recommended every year. Immunity to influenza viruses from the vaccine declines over time and may be too low to provide protection after a year. The flu vaccine protects against three strains Water Damage Hurricane Gustay Flooding of in read more..