Animal Damage >> Basic Facts About Bats And Bat Exclusion

Little Brown Bat Did You Know? Bats are the only mammals that can fly. They are insect-eating machines, eating thousands of mosquitoes and other flying insects in a single night. Bats use echolocation (rapid pulses of sound that bounce off an object) to detect and Basic Facts About Bats And Bat Exclusion catch insects. 

They scoop the insects up in their tail or wing membranes and then place them in their mouth; this is what gives them such an irregular flight pattern. As temperatures decrease in the fall and the number of insects diminish, bats migrate to their hibernacula in caves or mines for Basic Facts About Bats And Bat Exclusion the winter. 

During hibernation a bat will reduce its body temperature, slow its heart rate to only one beat every four or five seconds, and rely on their stored fat reserves to Basic Facts About Bats And Bat Exclusion survive until springtime What to watch for: Size: Little brown bats have a wingspan of 8-9" and a body length of 3-4½ inches with a 1 ½ inch forearm. 

Appearance: Covered in a coat of silky cinnamon and dark brown hair, and pale grey underneath, with black hand-like wings. What to listen for: Bats make sounds by echolocation, which are generally too high pitched for the human ear to hear. You may be able to hear a click or squeak as they fly by Basic Facts About Bats And Bat Exclusion directly overhead. 

When to watch: In the spring or summer, during early dawn or dusk, look up above a body of water (lake, pond, stream, etc.) and or among trees, and you may see them flying back and forth and dipping and diving for insects. Looking in areas where flying insects are most abundant usually in areas near water provides a good Basic Facts About Bats And Bat Exclusion chance to spot bats. 

Where to watch: Bats can be found in caves and mines during the winter, but do not look for bats in these areas. Entering into caves or mines is dangerous without the proper knowledge or Basic Facts About Bats And Bat Exclusion guidance. White Nose syndrome is a serious disease in bat populations that can be spread from cave to cave by humans (see below). 

In addition, it is important not to disturb and awaken hibernating bats in the winter, because they will lose necessary fat reserves that they rely on to survive. More information about Little Brown Bats: White Nose Syndrome Rabies - Protecting Family and Pets How to safely remove a bat from your home: Do not attempt to handle a bat under any Basic Facts About Bats And Bat Exclusion circumstances. 

If provoked or threatened, just like any other animal, bats will defend themselves typically by biting. In general, bats are not dangerous animals and are very beneficial to our Basic Facts About Bats And Bat Exclusion environment, so harming or killing these animals is wrong and unnecessary. A bat in flight in your home: Turn on some lights in order to see the bat. 

Close doors to other rooms of the home in order to restrict the bat's access to a small area. Open all exterior windows or doors in the room. The bat can then use its echolocation to navigate a safe path outside. Bats roosting (resting) in your home: The best solution is to contact a Basic Facts About Bats And Bat Exclusion wildlife damage control company. 

Do not attempt to exclude bats during the winter while they are hibernating; instead wait until the spring and summer when they are active. Make sure the site is clear of any hibernating bats before sealing all potential entry points into your home spaces. They are called Murcielagos in Spanish, Chauve-souris in French, Flederm use in German, and they have many Basic Facts About Bats And Bat Exclusion other names the world over. 

Here we call them bats, and as humans disturb their habitats their numbers are Basic Facts About Bats And Bat Exclusion declining. How to help? Build them a new home – a Bat Box! Materials needed One 12 ft. piece of 1" X 8" untreated, roughsided cedar (Actual measurements will be slightly smaller). One 11 in. piece of 1" X 10" untreated roughsided cedar (This will be the top of the bat box). 

Approximately 20 six-penny galvanized nails Tools needed Skil saw with crosscut blade Hammer Ruler Tape measure Pencil Construction recommendations 1. Read instructions completely before beginning. 2. Do not paint the sides or interior because the odor might repel bats. 3. Bats need Basic Facts About Bats And Bat Exclusion rough surfaces to secure a foothold. 

Therefore, be sure that all surfaces, Basic Facts About Bats And Bat Exclusion especially those on the interior, are rough. If you can't obtain rough-sawn cedar, you can roughen it manually. 4. Some types of lumber split easily. Avoid splits by pre-drilling small holes before pounding nails. Assembly directions Step 1. Cut the 12 ft. piece of cedar into six pieces of the following sizes: a) 3 pieces 22" long.

These will be the two sides and the back). b) 1 piece 17-1/4" long (This will be the front). c) 2 pieces 13" long (These will be two of the three partitions). d) 1 piece 11" long (This will be the other partition) Step 2. Take two of the 22" pieces and measure 17-1/4 inches on one side of each piece. Make a pencil mark at this point. 

Draw a diagonal line from the mark to the closest corner on the other side of the board. Step 4. Repeat Step 3 on the second piece. Using a Skil saw, cut along the diagonal lines. Put these pieces aside for the moment. (They will be the sides). Basic Facts About Bats And Bat Exclusion Adjust your skill saw to a 33 degree angle. Take the third 22" board (the one you didn't mark a diagaonal line on) and angle off one of the ends. 

(This piece will be the back of the box). Repeat the same for the front piece, top piece and the two partitions. Step 7. Take the two side pieces from Step 5, and using a rule and pencil, mark both pieces according to the measurements shown in the Step 7 illustration. Basic Facts About Bats And Bat Exclusion Mark both sides of both boards. 

You're ready to start building. Take the two sides, the 22" back and the 17-1/4" front and nail them together as illustrated on the next page, angled ends up. Basic Facts About Bats And Bat Exclusion Note that the side pieces fit over the ends of the front and back pieces. Step 9. Now, insert the partitions. Lay the partially completed house on its side. 

Take the 13" internal partition and slide it into the box, centering it along the set of pencil lines closest to the back of the box. Position the partition so that it is flush with the tops of the sides. Basic Facts About Bats And Bat Exclusion See illustration for Step 9 above. Step 10. Secure the partition in place with nails from the outside. Use the outside lines as a guide for placement. 

Follow the same Basic Facts About Bats And Bat Exclusion procedure for securing both of the shorter partitions along the other two sets of lines near the front of the box. Step 12. Place the ten inch 1" X 10" board on top so that the back edge of the board is flush with the back of the box and creates an overhang in the front and on the sides. Hold firmly and nail the top to the main frame. 

The completed house should look like the drawings below. Hanging your bat house Your house can be hung in a variety of ways, depending on the Basic Facts About Bats And Bat Exclusion circumstances. One of the easiest methods is to drill two 1/4" holes in the back of the box. The holes should be centered and about four inches from the top and bottom. 

Drive two stout nails into the desired tree or wall and hang the house by placing the holes over the nails. In other situations, hooks or hangers may be best. Use your Basic Facts About Bats And Bat Exclusion imagination! About your bat house Mother bats normally prefer the most stable temperatures available in the 80 to 100 degree Fahrenheit range, though some bats tolerate temperatures as high as 120 degrees or more. 

A nursery colony may include 30 or more individuals in one bat house. Bachelor groups tend to be smaller, sometimes consisting of six or fewer bats. Bachelor groups frequently select cooler roosts. Since appropriate Basic Facts About Bats And Bat Exclusion temperature may determine how or whether or not your bat house is used, you may wish to consider several geographic factors before mounting it. 

With increasing latitude and altitude, lower temperatures require that bat houses intended for use by nursery colonies be oriented to receive Basic Facts About Bats And Bat Exclusion maximum solar radiation, especially in the morning (southeast exposure). Bats may also benefit from having the roof painted black. In exceptionally hot climates, plain tops and shaded sites may be preferred. 

Even if your bat house is too cool for a nursery colony, you may still attract Basic Facts About Bats And Bat Exclusion bachelors. Bat houses located near a permanent source of water, especially a marsh, lake or river, are the most likely to attract bats. Bat houses should be hung roughly twelve to fifteen feet above the ground, sheltered as much as possible from the wind. 

Don't be discouraged if conditions for your bat house are not perfect. Even natural roosts are seldom ideal. Bats sometimes move into newly erected bat houses within hours, but more often, bats may not take up residence for as much as one to two years. If your bat house is not occupied by the end of the second year, try moving it to a warmer or cooler Basic Facts About Bats And Bat Exclusion location. 

Unfortunately, in some areas, heavy use of pesticides, a lack of hibernating sites, too great a distance to feeding or drinking sites, or even an abundance of already available summer roosting sites may preclude occupation. Basic Facts About Bats And Bat Exclusion White-nose Syndrome Threatens New York's Bats Many thousands of hibernating bats are dying in caves.

Abandoned mines in New York, Massachusetts and Vermont from unknown causes, prompting an investigation by the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC), as well as wildlife agencies and Basic Facts About Bats And Bat Exclusion researchers around the nation. The most obvious symptom associated with the die-off is a white fungus encircling the noses of some, but not all, of the bats. 

This has led to the name "white-nose syndrome", which is actually a Basic Facts About Bats And Bat Exclusion collection of related symptoms, including a fungus. It is not clear how this fungus alone can cause bats to die, however, impacted bats deplete their fat reserves months before their normal springtime emergence from hibernation, and starve to death as a result. 

Bat biologists across the country are evaluating strategies to monitor the presence of the disease and collect specimens for laboratory analysis. Biologists are taking precautions (using sanitary clothing and respirators when entering caves) to avoid unintentionally spreading a disease in the Basic Facts About Bats And Bat Exclusion process. 

Bat populations are particularly vulnerable during hibernation as they congregate in large numbers in caves, in clusters of 300 individuals per square foot in some locations, making them susceptible to disturbance or Basic Facts About Bats And Bat Exclusion disease. The vast majority of the hundreds of thousands of bats known to hibernate in New York do so in just five caves and mines. 

Because bats migrate hundreds of miles to their summer range, the impacts of white-nose syndrome are expected to have significant implications for bats throughout the Northeast. Indiana bats, a state and federally endangered Basic Facts About Bats And Bat Exclusion species, are perhaps the most vulnerable. 

Half the estimated 52,000 Indiana bats that hibernate in New York Basic Facts About Bats And Bat Exclusion are located in one former mine that is now affected with white-nose syndrome. Eastern pipistrelle, northern long-eared and little brown bats are also dying. Little brown bats, the most common hibernating species in New York, have sustained the largest number of deaths. 

DEC has been working with the Vermont Fish and Wildlife Department, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection. Northeast Cave Conservancy and the National Speleological Society, along with Basic Facts About Bats And Bat Exclusion researchers from universities and other government agencies to study the problem. 

Current Basic Facts About Bats And Bat Exclusion information on the status of white-nose syndrome in the northeast may be found by following a link to the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service's white-nose syndrome web page found in the right hand column of this page. Protect your family and your pets from this fatal disease. What is rabies, and how is it spread? 

Rabies is a deadly virus that infects the central nervous system of mammals, including humans. It's most common in bats, raccoons, foxes, and skunks. Although rabies is primarily transmitted by a bite, there is some Basic Facts About Bats And Bat Exclusion risk of infection if saliva or nerve tissue from a rabid animal gets into someone's eyes, nose, or mouth, or into an open wound. 

Rabies can only be positively diagnosed by testing tissue from the suspected Basic Facts About Bats And Bat Exclusion animal, but it's usually characterized by changes in behavior. How a rabid animal MAY behave: Unusual aggressiveness or tameness. Excessive drooling, "foaming at the mouth." Dragging the hind legs, mobility problems. 
When to call the Health Department: Wildlife had contact with a person or pet. 

Human contact with pet after pet/wildlife fight. Bat found in the living space of your home. If I see a nocturnal Basic Facts About Bats And Bat Exclusion animal out during the day, does that mean it has rabies? Nocturnal animals DO come out during the day. Often. This, alone, is not a sign of illness. Pet food, bird seed, and garbage can be powerful attractants. 

Weather changes also affect wildlife. What should I do if I see an Basic Facts About Bats And Bat Exclusion animal that appears to be rabid? Stay away from any animal that's acting strangely, and let your neighbors know about its presence in the area. Sometimes your local police will come out and shoot the animal; however, even a sick animal will often wander off by the time outside help can get there. 

We do not recommend approaching the animal with a baseball bat or other club because that would require close contact. Crazy as this sounds, a vehicle can be used to run over the animal in some instances. The advantage? No contact. If an Basic Facts About Bats And Bat Exclusion animal does have rabies, how long will it take to die? The infected animal usually dies within seven days of becoming sick. 

This seems like a long time to be on guard, but you also have to consider that the infected Basic Facts About Bats And Bat Exclusion animal may have bitten other animals in the area. Not to alarm you, but it's a good idea to stay on guard. How long will the rabies virus remain alive in the body of a dead animal? The length of time that rabies remains alive in a dead animal depends primarily on the outside temperature. 

The virus could die within a few hours in warm weather and could stay alive for months in freezing temperatures. Could my dog or cat get rabies from a dead Basic Facts About Bats And Bat Exclusion animal that had rabies? Yes, through an open wound or by chewing on the carcass. Have your vet administer a booster shot within five days. 

If your pet is unvaccinated, it must be confined for four months, or euthanized. You're not always going to know what your pet has been up to while outside, so the best protection for both your pet and your family is for you to keep your pet current with its rabies shots. How do I safely dispose of a dead Basic Facts About Bats And Bat Exclusion animal? 

Use care when disposing of any dead Basic Facts About Bats And Bat Exclusion animal. Wear gloves. Pick up the animal with a shovel. Then bury it (deep) or double-bag it and put it in the garbage. To kill the virus, sprinkle the ground and wash the shovel/gloves with a 10% solution of bleach in water (9 parts water, 1 part bleach).

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