Animal Damage >> How To Get Animals Out Of Your Roof

Compensation would give little incentive to livestock owners to limit losses through improved animal husbandry practices and other management strategies. Not all producers would rely completely on a How To Get Animals Out Of Your Roof compensation program and unregulated lethal control would most likely continue as permitted by state law. 

Compensation would not be practical for reducing threats to human health and safety. Bounties Payment of funds for killing birds (bounties) suspected of causing economic losses is not supported by Arizona State agencies such as AGFD and ADA. How To Get Animals Out Of Your Roof also does not support this concept because: . ADA does not have the authority to establish a bounty program. 

Bounties are generally not effective in controlling damage. Circumstances surrounding take of animals are completely unregulated. . There is a tendency for fraudulent claims to occur. It is difficult or impossible to prevent claims for problem birds taken from outside damage management areas. 

Short Term Eradication and Long Term Population Suppression An eradication alternative would direct all How To Get Animals Out Of Your Roof program efforts toward total long term elimination of bird populations on private, state, local government, and tribal lands within entire3 - 8 cooperating counties or larger defined areas in the State. 

In Arizona, eradication of native bird species (the starling and feral domestic pigeon are not native to North America) is not a desired population management goal of state agencies. 

Although generally difficult to achieve, eradication of a local population of feral domestic pigeons or starlings may be the goal of individual How To Get Animals Out Of Your Roof projects if decided through use of the Decision Model.

This is because feral domestic pigeons and starlings are not native to North America and are only present because of human introduction. However, eradication as a general strategy for managing bird damage will not be considered in detail because: . How To Get Animals Out Of Your Roof opposes eradication of any native wildlife species. AGFD and ADA oppose eradication of any native Arizona wildlife species. . 

Eradication is not acceptable to most members of the public. C Because blackbirds and starlings are migratory and most winter populations are comprised of winter migrants from northern latitudes, eradication would have to be targeted at the entire North American populations of these species to be How To Get Animals Out Of Your Roof successful. That would not be feasible or desirable. .

Region or statewide attempts at eradication of any native or nonindegenous bird species would be next to impossible under the restrictions on methods and areas where certain How To Get Animals Out Of Your Roof methods can be used in Arizona. Suppression would direct program efforts toward managed reduction of certain problem populations or groups. 

In areas where damage can be attributed to localized populations of birds, can decide to implement local population suppression as a result of using the How To Get Animals Out Of Your Roof Decision Model. However, with the constraints on control methods established in Arizona, localized population suppression is difficult to maintain except for short time periods. Problems with the concept of suppression are similar to those described above for eradication. It is not realistic or practical to consider large-scale population suppression as the basis of the program.

Typically, How To Get Animals Out Of Your Roof activities in the State would be conducted on a very small portion of the sites or areas inhabited or frequented by problem species. 3.4 Mitigation and Standard Operating Procedures for Bird Damage Management Techniques 3.4.1 Mitigation in Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) 

Mitigation measures are any features of an action that serve to prevent, reduce, or compensate for impacts that otherwise might result from that action. The current How To Get Animals Out Of Your Roof program, nationwide and in Arizona, uses many such mitigation measures and these are discussed in detail in Chapter 5 of the FEIS (USDA 1994). 

Some key mitigating measures pertinent to the proposed action and alternatives that are incorporated into ADA's Standard Operating Procedures include:  The Decision Model which is designed to identify effective wildlife damage management strategies and their impacts. 

Reasonable and prudent measures or alternatives are identified through How To Get Animals Out Of Your Roof consultation with the USFWS and are implemented to avoid impacts to T&E species.3 - 9 . EPA-approved label directions are followed for all pesticide use. . All Specialists in the State who use restricted chemicals are trained. 

Certified by, or else operate under the direct supervision of, program personnel or others who are experts in the safe and effective use of chemical How To Get Animals Out Of Your Roof materials. . The presence of nontarget species is monitored before using DRC-1339 to control starlings and blackbirds at feedlots to reduce the risk of significant mortality of nontarget species populations. .

Research is being conducted to improve methods and strategies so as to increase selectivity for target species, to develop effective nonlethal control methods, and to evaluate nontarget hazards How To Get Animals Out Of Your Roof and environmental impacts. 

Some additional mitigating factors specific to the current program include: . Management actions would be directed toward localized populations or groups of target species and/or individual offending members of those species. 

Generalized population suppression across the State, or even across major portions of the state, would not be conducted. . ADA uses How To Get Animals Out Of Your Roof devices and conducts activities for which the risk of hazards to public safety and hazard to the environment have been determined to be low according to a formal risk assessment (USDA 1994, Appendix P).

Where such activities are conducted on private lands or other lands of restricted public access, the risk of hazard to the public is even further reduced. How To Get Animals Out Of Your Roof activities are directed to resolving bird damage problems by taking action against individual problem birds, or local populations or groups, not by attempting to eradicate populations in the entire area or region. 

ADA take is monitored by comparing numbers of birds killed by species or species group (e.g., blackbirds) with regional. Nationwide populations to assure the magnitude of take is maintained below the level that would impact the viability of native species populations (See Chapter 4). Effects on Nontarget Species Populations Including T&E Species . 

How To Get Animals Out Of Your Roof personnel are highly trained and experienced to select the most appropriate method for taking problem animals and excluding nontargets. .
Preliminary observations of birds feeding at feedlots or dairies are made to determine if nontarget or T & E species would be at significant risk from How To Get Animals Out Of Your Roof activities. 

ADA has consulted with the USFWS regarding potential impacts of all current methods on T&E species, and abides by reasonable and prudent alternatives (RPAs) and/or reasonable and prudent measures (RPMs) established as a result of that consultation. 

For the full context of the Biological Opinion see the FEIS, Appendix F (USDA 1994). Further consultation on species not covered by or included in these formal consultation processes has been initiated and How To Get Animals Out Of Your Roof will abide by any RPAs, RPMs, and terms and conditions that result from that process. .

How To Get Animals Out Of Your Roof may be called upon to control nest parasitism by cowbirds to protect the endangered southwestern willow flycatcher. This action would provide a positive benefit to this endangered species with no negative impacts to the cowbird population. 

Numerous research studies have shown that DRC-1339 has little effect on mammals, is water soluble, does not migrate through the soil, and produces no secondary poisoning (USDA 1995). Based on these research studies, we have concluded that the proposed How To Get Animals Out Of Your Roof project will have no effect on any listed or candidate mammal, fish, amphibian, reptile, or plant.

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