Animal Damage >> How To Keep Squirrels From Damaging Lead Vent Pipe

 State wildlife regulations clearly prohibit any person from taking game or protected birds or animals alive from the wild. The sale of wild animals, dead or alive, and their parts, is also strictly prohibited, except for the specific provisions outlined in the Code of Iowa. This would include and prohibit the sale of pigeons which are captured or taken under the provisions of Iowa Code chapter 481A.58 and Iowa Administrative Code chapter 571-100. Live animals How To Keep Squirrels From Damaging Lead Vent Pipe taken, possessed, and/or transported under this permit shall not be removed outside the state. Complaints from the public regarding violations of the wildlife damage and nuisance control regulations by permittees should be forwarded to the Law Enforcement Bureau of the Iowa DNR, 502 E 9th St, Des Moines, Iowa 50319-0034. 

Complaints against nuisance wildlife control operators will be thoroughly and fairly investigated by officers of the Department. PERMIT SUSPENSION and / or REVOCATION PROCEDURES Persons under any department or court issued license suspension or revocation are ineligible to apply for, obtain, or maintain a nuisance wildlife control operator permit for the period of their suspension or How To Keep Squirrels From Damaging Lead Vent Pipe revocation. The Iowa Code, chapters 481A.130 and 481A.133 provide the legal basis for permit suspension or revocation. Any violation of the terms/limitations/conditions of this permit as outlined above, or accrual of habitual offender points as outlined in 481A.134, or court suspension under 483A.21, will result in the revocation of this permit. Hearings may be provided for under chapter 17A of the Iowa Code. 

Bats are among the least understood and most misrepresented of all the mammals in Iowa. While a healthy respect is due any wild animal, the fear and paranoia that many persons have for bats is both regrettable and generally ill founded. These How To Keep Squirrels From Damaging Lead Vent Pipe attitudes largely result from inaccurate information and sensationalism in news stories. Misinformation, often given by knowledgeable professionals, only increases the prejudice and superstition that surrounds these unique flying mammals. This guide provides a summary of some general aspects of bat biology and, in particular, the current information about those species that occur in Iowa. Our hope is that such information will be used not only to correctly inform the public about bats, but will help instill a more rational attitude toward these beneficial and relatively harmless animals. 

Since there are so many kinds of bats and their habitats are so varied, the generalizations presented pertain to the nine important insect-eating species that compose the bat fauna of Iowa. References such as America’s Neighborhood Bats by Merlin D. Tuttle and Just Bats by M. Brock Fenton contain additional information about bats. Throughout most of the world, bats play important ecological roles, having both How To Keep Squirrels From Damaging Lead Vent Pipe direct and indirect benefits to the ecosystems they inhabit. Bats which are fruit and nectar eaters, for example, provide the primary and sometimes only means of seed dispersal and pollination of many topical forest plants. In fact, more than 450 products used by humans come from bat-pollinated plants. Products include food (bananas, cashews, dates, figs); wood (balsa); fiber (kapok); beverages (tequila); dyes, fodder, fuel and medicines. 

Some tropical bats even eat small vertebrates, including fish and frogs. There are also three species of vampire bats that consume bird or mammal blood. All vampires, however, are found from Mexico southward; none occur in the US or Canada. Most bats in North America feed on insects of How To Keep Squirrels From Damaging Lead Vent Pipe various sixes and kinds. The little brown bat, for example, may capture up to 600 tiny insects, including mosquitoes, in a single hour (Tuttle 1988). The large big brown bat, on the other hand, often feeds on a quantity of moths and beetles of agricultural importance (See Whitaker 1993 for details of pest control by bats). Bats should be considered for what they really are integral members of our ecosystems. As such, they deserve attention from both conservationists concerned with species preservation and the general public. 

Worldwide, bat populations are declining, some reaching critical levels, necessitating steps to protect them. While some efforts have been made in the United States through the Federal Endangered Species Act, most declining species are not adequately protected. In Iowa, all bats in their natural habitats and outbuildings are How To Keep Squirrels From Damaging Lead Vent Pipe protected as nongame species under Section 109.42 of the Code of Iowa. Bats in a building occupied by humans are not protected until the Iowa Code with the exception of the Indiana bat which is an endangered species and is protected by state and federal law in all locations. Removal techniques are described in later sections of this publication. Although both ecologic and economic importance, bats have been culturally valued in only a few societies, most notably in China. 

In nearly all cultures, however superstitions and misinformation have prevailed, resulting in needless and senseless persecution of bats. Some false notions, such as bats deliberately entangling themselves in women’s hair or that bats are blind, can be easily dismissed as old wives’ tales. Other misinformed ideas are more difficult to change. Perhaps the most serious of these is that ―most bats carry disease,‖ particularly rabies and How To Keep Squirrels From Damaging Lead Vent Pipe histoplasmosis. While rabies is a serious disease of the central nervous system and does occur in a small percentage of bats (less than ½ of 1%), the majority are free of the disease virus. Furthermore, only 11 cases of human rabies transmitted by bats have been documented in North America in more than 30 years, a far lower number than from many other wild and domestic animals. 

The early suggestion that bats could carry rabies without showing clinical symptoms was incorrect because bats that contract the disease die quickly and rarely show the aggressiveness shown by rabid dogs and cats. Like any wild animal, bats should be handled cautiously even though most species in Iowa cannot puncture human skin with their teeth. Healthy bats found in How To Keep Squirrels From Damaging Lead Vent Pipe homes should be captured with a heavy glove or net and released outside to carry on their normal ecological roles as insect eaters. If any bat appears sick or shows abnormal behavior, it should be sent to the hygienic laboratory in Ames or Iowa City. Because of fear and misinformation, many bats are automatically sent for analysis. 

(See table 1 for ―high rick‖ bats analyzed for rabies by State Hygienic Laboratory, Coralville, 1979-1983 and 1986-1991). This fear also causes some people to undergo the treatment for rabies. Anyone participating in post exposure treatments for rabies should be in contact with a medical doctor but also consider both details of the bat encounter and potential How To Keep Squirrels From Damaging Lead Vent Pipe side effects of the treatment. Likewise, anyone handling bats regularly who is considering a pre-exposure treatment, such as the human diploid cell pre-exposure vaccination, should know the potential side-effects of the vaccine before taking it. If there is any doubt, the State Health Department or the Center of Disease Control in Atlanta, Georgia, should be contacted.

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