Animal Damage >> Roof Damage From Raccoons

The state has 10 listed and 1 candidate bird species in the State (U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service 1996), 5 of which are raptors -- the peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus), bald eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus), northern aplomado falcon (Falco femoralis septentrionalis), Mexican spotted owl (Strix occidentalis lucida), and cactus ferruginous pygmy-owl Roof Damage From Raccoons (Glaucidium brasilianum cactorum) (candidate species).

Numerous research studies, cited elsewhere in this EA, have shown does not impact raptors. The 1992 B.O. from USFWS concluded no adverse impacts on the American peregrine falcon, bald eagle, or northern aplomado falcon were likely from’s use of Roof Damage From Raccoons. In January of 1995, and USFWS requested formal consultation on several species not covered by the 1992 opinion, which included the Mexican spotted owl, and that consultation is pending.

However, Roof Damage From Raccoons’s chemical uses for BDM have not occurred in or near spotted owl habitat and secondary hazards to raptors have been shown to be virtually nonexistent (USDA 1994, Appendix P). Therefore, we have concluded that the proposed action will have no effect on any listed raptor in the State of Arizona. Of the six remaining listed bird species, the whooping crane (Grus americana), Yuma clapper rail (Rallus longirostris obsoletus), brown pelican (Pelecanus occidentalis).

California condor (Gymnogyps californianus), and southwestern willow flycatcher (Empidonax traillii extimus) have a range, diet, and habits which preclude exposure to any Roof Damage From Raccoons bait sites. Therefore we have concluded that this project will have no effect on any of the above listed birds in the State of Arizona. The masked bobwhite (Colinus virginianus ridgewayi) range is restricted to a captive rearing facility and relocation sites on the Buenos Aires National Wildlife Refuge.

There are no confirmed sightings of the masked bobwhite off the refuge and studies on the refuge suggest the bird has a home range of approximately one square mile. Roof Damage From Raccoons conducted one feedlot operation approximately 150 miles from this site during the winter of 1994-95.

Based on the restricted home range and distribution of the masked bobwhite and the distance from any potential control operation, we have concluded that the proposed project will have no effect on this endangered species. The U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service has been informed of these conclusions and any RPAs or RPMs that are established due to section Roof Damage From Raccoons – 117 consultations will be followed to avoid adverse impacts.

Chapter 4 provides information needed for making informed decisions in selecting the appropriate alternative for meeting the purpose of the proposed action. The chapter analyzes the environmental consequences of each alternative in relation to the issues identified for detailed analysis in Roof Damage From Raccoons. This section analyzes the environmental consequences of each alternative in comparison with the proposed action to determine if the real or potential impacts are greater, lesser, or the same.

The following resource values within the State are not expected to be significantly impacted by any of the alternatives analyzed: soils, geology, minerals, water quality/quantity, floodplains, wetlands, visual resources, air quality, prime and unique farmlands, aquatic resources, timber, and range. These Roof Damage From Raccoons resources will not be analyzed further.

Cumulative and Unavoidable Impacts: Discussed in relationship to each of the potentially affected species analyzed in this chapter. Irreversible and Irretrievable Commitments of Resources: Other than minor uses of fuels for motor vehicles and other materials, there are no irreversible or irretrievable commitments of resources. Impacts on sites or resources protected under the National Historic Preservation Act: Roof Damage From Raccoons BDM actions are not undertakings that could adversely affect historic resources.

Consultation with the Arizona State Historic Preservation Office determined this Roof Damage From Raccoons operation produces no ground disturbances and therefore would have no effect on historic resources. Issues Analyzed in Detail Effects on Target Species Populations Alternative 1. - Continue the Current Federal Bird Damage Management Program (The Proposed Action as described in Chapter 1).

With the exception of feral domestic pigeons, which maintain local residency and are not migratory, population estimates useful for evaluating impacts of BDM actions are only available on a nationwide and regional basis. Therefore, this Roof Damage From Raccoons analysis focuses on regional population impacts. Since the majority of blackbirds and starlings are migratory and range over broad expanses of territory from northern to southern latitudes over the course of a year, this type of analysis is appropriate.

BDM work for feedlots and dairies conducted by the Arizona Roof Damage From Raccoons program occurs in the winter following the arrival of migrants. Winter migrants arrive in Arizona from a large area of the western United States and Canada giving credence to the regional scope of this analysis.

The northwest and southwest regions as defined by Dolbeer and Stehn (1983) are used in this analysis because the boundaries of these geographical units are based on ecological differences making regions more meaningful in terms of migratory bird problems.

Colonization of North America by the European Starling began on March 6, 1890 when Mr. Eugene Scheifflin, a member of the Roof Damage From Raccoons Acclimatization Society, introduced 80 starlings into New York's Central Park. The birds thrived and exploited their new habitat. By 1918, less than 30 years after their introduction in New York City, the advance line of migrant juveniles extended from Ohio to Alabama; by 1926 from Illinois to Texas, by 1941 from Idaho to New Mexico, by 1946 to California and Canadian coasts (Miller 1975).

In just 50 short years the Roof Damage From Raccoons starling had colonized the United States and expanded into Canada and Mexico and 80 years after the initial introduction had become one of the most common birds4 – 2 in North America (Feare 1984). Precise counts of blackbird and starling populations do not exist but one estimate placed the United States summer population of the blackbird group at over 1 billion and the winter population at 500 million.

The majority of these birds occur in the eastern U.S., for example Roof Damage From Raccoons surveys in the south eastern part of the country estimated 350 million blackbirds and starlings in winter roosts (Bookhout and White 1981). Meanley and Royal (1976) estimated 538 million blackbirds and starlings in winter roosts across the country during the winter of 1974-75.

Of this total 26% or 139 million were in the west. An extensive population survey by Dolbeer and Stehn published in 1979 showed that, in the southwestern U.S., the number of Roof Damage From Raccoons breeding starlings doubled between 1968 and 1976. In California, where starlings were first observed in 1942, the number of breeding birds increased by 19% during the same period.

Breeding Bird Survey data from Hines et al. (1996) indicate a slight increase (0.8% per year) in the starling breeding population in the western U.S. from 1966 -1979, and a slight Roof Damage From Raccoons decrease (2.7% per year) from 1980 - 1994. Red-winged blackbirds showed a gradual increase (2.6% per year) from 1966 – 1979 and a slight decline (1% per year) from 1980 - 1994.

Yellow-headed blackbirds showed a 6.4% per year increase from 1966 - 1979 and very slight increase from 1980 - 1994. Brewer’s blackbird and the brown headed cowbird which occur in Arizona show slightly Roof Damage From Raccoons increasing or decreasing trends in the western breeding populations.

The bronzed cowbird shows a declining trend in western breeding populations (7.2%/year 1966-1979, and 11.6%/year 1980 - 1994), but the overall trend for North America is increasing (2%/year 1966 - 1994) (Hines et al. 1996). The nationwide starling population has been estimated at 140 million (Johnson and Glahn 1994).

The winter Roof Damage From Raccoons starling population in the northwest and southwest regions has been estimated at 27.8 million. The northwest and southwest regional population of the blackbird group is 139 million of which 27.8 million are starlings. All of the above information indicates that populations of starlings and blackbirds have been relatively stable in recent years. For most species that show upward or downward trends, such trends have been Roof Damage From Raccoons gradual.

How To Maintain Humidity In A Home

Uncontrolled moisture indoors can cause major damage to the building structure, Dehumidification How To Maintain Humidity In A Home as well as to furnishings and to finish materials like floors, walls, and ceilings. Uncontrolled moisture can trigger mold growth which not only damages the school facility, but can lead to health and perf  read more..

Mold Remediation

When your building is contaminated with sewage backing up from the septic lines, or some kind of flooding in your building occurs that involves sewage, as in the case of river flooding, a serious threat to the human health exists. Without the appropriate action, extensive Sewage Cleanup Mold Remediation damage to your   read more..

How To Clean Soot From Kitchen Cabinets

Fires can rearrange and damage natural walkways, as well as sidewalks, parking lots, roads, Fire Damage How To Clean Soot From Kitchen Cabinets and buildings. Never assume that fire-damaged structures or ground are stable. Buildings that have been burned may have suffered structural damage and could be dangerous. 

<  read more..

Storm Damage

Woods are a byproduct of nature showing many inconsistencies. Cross-sectional (transverse) shrinkage isn’t always uniform. The quantity of shrinkage happening parallel with progress rings (tangential directions) ranges from one and one-half to two times as much as across, or at ninety d  read more..

How To Remove Smoke Smell From Fire Damaged

One year after a deadly home fire killed six children in Holmes County, Miss., national organizations and local leaders are working together to prevent a similar tragedy. The NFPA (National Fire Protection Association), the U.S. Fire Administration(USFA) and Fire Damage How To Remove Smoke Smell From Fire Damaged the Mississippi High-Risk Fire Safet  read more..

Mold Poisoning Symptoms

What is mold? molds are simple, microscopic organisms, found virtually everywhere, indoors and outdoors. molds can be found on plants, foods, dry leaves, Mold Remediation Mold Poisoning Symptoms and other organic material. molds are needed for breaking down dead m  read more..

How To Clean Up After Fire Damage

The correlation is even stronger than just by the day of test. Because each test had a 250 nm probe and a 4500 nm probe, the test-to-test correlation was strong as seen in Figure 11. The strength of the correlation seems to reinforce the variability in the performance of the material and not just un  read more..

Emergency Window Board Up

The following procedures and guidelines have been developed by the Division of Capital Asset Management and Maintenance (DCAM) to assist other State Agencies (Agency) with their responsibility to properly secure buildings and structures that they no longer occupy. It is the responsibility of the Age  read more..

Basic Facts About Bats And Bat Exclusion

Little Brown Bat Did You Know? Bats are the only mammals that can fly. They are insect-eating machines, eating thousands of mosquitoes and other flying insects in a single night. Bats use echolocation (rapid pulses of sound that bounce off an object) to detect and Animal Damage Basic Facts About Bats And Bat Exclusion catch insects.   read more..

Smoke Inhalation

Exposure to Smoke inhalation from Fires The Smoke inhalation released by any type of fire (forest, brush, crop, structure, tires, waste or wood burning) is a mixture of particles and chemicals produced by incomplete burning of carbon-containing materials. All Fire Damage Smoke Inhalation contains carbon monoxide, carbon di  read more..