Crime Scene Cleanup >> What Certifications Do I Need For Crime Scene Clea

Hospitals: There is almost universal agreement that healthcare workers, such as nurses and physicians, who are employed in hospitals, provide patient care, What Certifications Do I Need For Crime Scene Clea and have occupational exposure are at risk for infection by bloodborne pathogens. 

Since their risks are so extensively documented (See Section IV: Health Effects), no additional discussion is provided here. What Certifications Do I Need For Crime Scene Clea The occupational exposure encountered by other hospital employees is discussed below under Laundry, Housekeeping, and Clinical/Diagnostic Laboratories.

Clinical/Diagnostic Laboratories: These include but are not limited to hospital labs, free-standing clinical or diagnostic labs, labs in dentists' or physicians' offices, blood and plasma center labs, What Certifications Do I Need For Crime Scene Clea dental labs, and laboratories preparing reagents from human blood or blood components. 

Laboratories that conduct research using blood or blood components but do not produce or use concentrated amounts of HIV or HBV also fall into this category. What Certifications Do I Need For Crime Scene Clea Employees who work in clinical or diagnostic laboratories that perform a variety of tests to aid in the diagnosis of disease and the management of treatment are also at risk if they have occupational exposure. 

In the United States, millions of blood specimens are collected and analyzed in these laboratories each year. What Certifications Do I Need For Crime Scene Clea One commenter referenced a report that 898 million blood collection tubes were sold in 1986 (3M, Ex. 233). Although not all laboratory tasks involve blood or other potentially infectious materials.

A relatively high potential for exposure exists for employees who analyze and process these fluids and tissues. What Certifications Do I Need For Crime Scene Clea In addition, environmental surfaces and equipment in clinical laboratory areas have been shown to be contaminated with HB surface antigen and present a potential risk for the laboratorian (Ex. 6-56). 

Several organizations and groups have devised procedures for reducing risks in the laboratory and these procedures are part of our record (for example, Exs. 6-153; 6-312; 11-71; 11-159; 11-280). What Certifications Do I Need For Crime Scene Clea One expert witness described his experience in auditing laboratories over the preceding 14 years. 

Since 1976, I have conducted many dozens of site visits to clinical and research laboratories to perform biosafety audits. What Certifications Do I Need For Crime Scene Clea These audits have included blood laboratories... For years it has been accepted that 15 - 30% of blood lab and hospital workers will contract hepatitis B over their lifetime as a result of exposure on the job. 

The attitude is that this risk goes with the territory. A few years ago only a modest number of blood samples per year were positive for HBV and/or HIV in a clinical laboratory. What Certifications Do I Need For Crime Scene Clea Today, based on my experience it is not uncommon to find one in fifty to one in every 100 clinical samples in a 24 hour run of thousands of samples.

In a metropolitan blood laboratory to be positive for HBV and/or HIV. As the pool of positive samples is growing rapidly, so also is the danger to those who must handle the blood specimens. What Certifications Do I Need For Crime Scene Clea (Dr.Joseph Coggin, Ex. 26) Dr. Coggin's observation is supported by the study of Handsfield and colleagues. 

In 1987, they reported that a large number of serum and plasma specimens submitted for analysis to the clinical chemistry lab of an urban teaching hospital were positive for HIV or HBV. What Certifications Do I Need For Crime Scene Clea Specifically 6.3% were hepatitis B surface antigen positive and 3.0% were HIV antibody positive. 

Taking into account that some samples had both viruses, 8.7% of the samples contained at least one of these viruses (Ex. 6-351). What Certifications Do I Need For Crime Scene Clea Although laboratorians may not have direct patient contact, most of those employed in clinical or diagnostic labs do have exposure to the blood and other potentially infectious materials of patients. 

An examination of the tasks performed by clinical laboratorians as they analyze human blood and other human body fluids as part of the diagnosis and What Certifications Do I Need For Crime Scene Clea treatment of disease makes it clear that these individuals have occupational exposure and, therefore, are at risk. 

Housekeeping: The housekeeping workers in healthcare facilities may also be at risk of exposure to bloodborne pathogens. What Certifications Do I Need For Crime Scene Clea Individuals who perform housekeeping duties particularly in patient care and laboratory areas may be at increased risk for exposure when they perform tasks such as cleaning blood spills and handling infectious wastes. 

They often encounter carelessly discarded contaminated sharps. One witness testified: Our members who work in the housekeeping departments often pick up waste baskets and bags which often contain needles. What Certifications Do I Need For Crime Scene Clea They continually face the possibility of needles which have been improperly discarded.

For instance, one of our members, who is now retired, was cleaning a room when she picked up some trash on a window sill and was stuck by a contaminated needle from an AIDS patient. What Certifications Do I Need For Crime Scene Clea The needle was lying in an alcohol pad. (Mr. Robert Moore, Ex. 36) Laundry: Laundry workers may also be at risk of exposure to bloodborne pathogens. 

These individuals may be employed in either hospital laundries or in commercial laundries that service healthcare, What Certifications Do I Need For Crime Scene Clea public safety and other institutions where occupational exposure to blood or other potentially infectious material occurs. 

Laundry workers may be exposed to laundry contaminated with blood or to contaminated sharps inadvertently left in the laundry. Laundry employees who testified at the public hearings gave examples of occupational exposure.  What Certifications Do I Need For Crime Scene Clea For example, an employee of a hospital laundry told of the types of exposure that are found in these laundries. 

I think the sorters who have to sort out the dirty linen, they are always finding needles, syringes, scalpels and other sharps in the dirty line. Most of these instruments are bloody. What Certifications Do I Need For Crime Scene Clea Employees have been stuck because they don't always see the things until they've been stuck. 

Another thing, if sharps get by the sorters and find their way into the wash deck, this puts the washers who load and unload the machine at risk....Like some of the surgery we get a lot of congealed blood. We get a lot of different parts of the body....You also get some from labor and delivery. What Certifications Do I Need For Crime Scene Clea You get different congealed blood in sheets and in blankets.

They have to handle all of this. (Ms. Georgia Davenport, Tr. 1/16/90, pp.779-780) One witness told of receiving needle sticks from needles in the laundry. What Certifications Do I Need For Crime Scene Clea He said: In my work as a sorter, I have been stuck twice by a needle, as recently as two years ago -- once by picking up a plastic bag full of bloody surgery towels.

Myself and other employee in the laundry still encounter needles in the linen, mostly coming from surgery. What Certifications Do I Need For Crime Scene Clea The number has decreased in the last four years but there shouldn't be any at all. (Mr. Raymond Montez, Tr. 1/16/90,pp 768-769)

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