Debris Removal >> Best Way To Remove Storm Damage Debris

This guide highlights the need for communities to plan for the cleanup of debris after a major natural disaster. Based on lessons learned from communities that have experienced such disasters, this guide contains information to help communities prepare for and recover more quickly from the increased solid waste generated Best Way To Remove Storm Damage Debris by a natural disaster.
 Every year natural disasters, such as fires, floods, earthquakes, hurricanes, and tornadoes, challenge Best Way To Remove Storm Damage Debris American communities. These natural disasters have generated large amounts of debris, causing considerable disposal challenges for local public officials. If you answer yes to any of the following questions, your community could benefit from the advice and information presented in this guide.
 · Is your community at risk of significant damage from a natural disaster?
 · Does your emergency plan ignore disaster debris cleanup or rely on open burning or unengineered burial of the debris?
 · Has your community updated its solid waste management plans with recycling policies that are not included in your emergency response plan? (In this guide, the term "solid waste management” refers to all phases of nonhazardous solid waste removal and handling, including collection, transportation, sorting, processing, recycling, reduction, combustion, and landfilling.)
 · Does your emergency plan need updating to reflect recent changes in the community’s solid waste management Best Way To Remove Storm Damage Debris practices and facilities (e.g., landfill closures, new recycling programs, or regionalization of services)? In the past, debris from disasters was simply buried or burned in the community.
As demonstrated by recent disasters, burying or burning debris as a means of waste management may not be acceptable. Citizens do not want to inhale the smoke from open burning. Best Way To Remove Storm Damage Debris Municipalities do not want to risk contamination of drinking water and soil from uncontrolled burial of debris. Under normal circumstances, much municipal solid waste is recycled. The remainder is disposed of in sanitary landfills or in sophisticated combustors, both of which are equipped with devices to control pollutants.
Often, however, these standard waste disposal options are not sufficient to handle the overwhelming amount of debris left after a disaster. Further adding to the disposal dilemma is the fact that many municipalities are reluctant to overburden or deplete their existing disposal Best Way To Remove Storm Damage Debris capacity with disaster debris. Any community likely to be faced with significant debris from a natural disaster should develop a debris management plan.
To facilitate coordination, this plan could be a specific task under the community’s general emergency plan. This guide, based on experiences of other communities, suggests some helpful planning considerations. It describes:
· Steps a community can take to prepare for dealing with the waste created by natural disasters and to speed recovery after such disasters; and
· Ways communities can reduce the burden on their municipal solid waste management systems in the event of a natural disaster. This guide does not provide all the tools a planner will need to Best Way To Remove Storm Damage Debris write a debris management plan, however. The development of a disaster debris management plan usually requires input from neighboring communities, state officials, local contractors, and a variety of local agencies.
This guide is intended to help a planner begin the development process. Natural Disasters Can Generate a Substantial Volume of Debris Natural disasters strike with varying degrees of severity and Best Way To Remove Storm Damage Debris pose both short-and long-term challenges to public service providers. The most severe natural disasters generate debris in quantities that can overwhelm existing solid waste management facilities or force communities to use disposal options that otherwise would not be acceptable.
 The table below gives examples of how much debris was generated in a few recent natural disasters. In this guide, the Best Way To Remove Storm Damage Debris term "green waste” refers to all types of organic yard and landscaping waste, including shrubs, leaves, grass, and tree materials. "Wood waste” refers to tree limbs that have been ground into mulch. Debris removal is a major component of every disaster recovery operation.
Much of the debris generated from natural disasters is not hazardous. Soil, building material, and green waste, such as trees and shrubs, make up most of the volume of disaster deris. Most of this Best Way To Remove Storm Damage Debris waste can be recycled into useful commodities. Debris from hurricanes, earthquakes, tornadoes, floods, and fires falls into a few major categories:
Major Categories of Disaster
 Debris Damaged Buildings
 Green Waste
 Personal Property
Ash and Charred Wood
Tornadoes Best Way To Remove Storm Damage Debris 
 Hurricane Debris
Hurricanes generate high-velocity winds, cause oceans to surge well above high tide levels, and create waves in inland waters. They Best Way To Remove Storm Damage Debris leave behind debris made up of construction materials, damaged buildings, sediments, green waste, and personal property. Hurricane debris obstructs roads and disables electrical power and communication systems over wide areas.
Most of the damage and resulting debris is in the area where the hurricane first hits land; however, the destruction also can extend many miles inland. For example, in 1989, Hurricane Hugo made Best Way To Remove Storm Damage Debris landfall at Charleston, South Carolina, and continued inland, causing great damage as it cut across the state and into North Carolina. The hurricane generated 400,000 tons of green waste in Mecklenburg County, North Carolina, 200 miles from Charleston.
This amount of green waste would have taken up Best Way To Remove Storm Damage Debris two years of landfill capacity, while only two and a half years of capacity was available in the local landfill. The county considered burning the green waste, but rejected the idea to protect the county’s air quality. Instead, all the debris was ground up into mulch and given away to local citizens and businesses for use. Earthquake Debris Earthquakes generate shock waves and displace the ground along fault lines.
These seismic forces can bring down buildings and bridges in a localized area and damage buildings and other structures in a far wider area. Secondary damage from fires, explosions, and localized flooding from broken water pipes can increase the amount of debris. Best Way To Remove Storm Damage Debris Earthquake debris includes building materials, personal property, and sediment from landslides. Los Angeles is still collecting and managing debris from the Northridge earthquake that hit the city in January 1994.
The amount of debris reached three million tons at the end of July 1995. Three months into the debris removal process, city officials decided to attempt to recycle as much of the debris as possible to conserve the remaining landfill capacity. Most of the waste was construction and demolition (C&D) debris, which could be processed by local recycling businesses. City officials worked with the Federal Best Way To Remove Storm Damage Debris Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and local businesses to expand existing recycling capacity and approve permits, thereby enhancing the ability of these businesses to meet the city’s waste management needs.
 The city developed contracts with existing businesses, provided them with clean source-separated materials, and piloted a project to recycle mixed debris. After one year, the city had created more Best Way To Remove Storm Damage Debris than 10,000 tons of new, privately operated daily processing capacity for mixed and source-separated debris.

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