Debris Removal >> Grants For Flood Damage Tree Removal

By the end of the program, the city had recycled almost 56 percent of all materials collected since the day of the earthquake for less than the cost of disposal. The city demonstrated that when sufficient recycling facility capacity exists, a recycling rate of over 86 percent can be achieved. This total would have been much higher, in fact, had the city implemented recycling in the beginning of the Grants For Flood Damage Tree Removal recovery effort.
 
To prepare for the possibility of future disasters, Los Angeles has issued an RFP for a contingency contract for various waste management activities, including the use of sites in the event of a natural disaster. Soon after the earthquake, officials placed news stories and advertisements to inform the public that they could leave debris for pickup on the street in a pile as wide as a parked car. Grants For Flood Damage Tree Removal At first, the city allowed residents to leave mixed debris at the curb.
 
 Later, city officials asked residents to separate the following materials: concrete and asphalt (these could be mixed), dirt, red clay brick, wood, and all other material. Grants For Flood Damage Tree Removal Residents had been accustomed to the relaxed requirements that allowed them to set out mixed debris, however, so crews of specially hired city workers distributed doorhangers requesting residents to separate their debris.
 
Where residents still did not separate debris into its recyclable components, work crews preceded the debris haulers and separated the debris. When residents placed yard trimmings or other non-earthquake-related debris on the curb, workers left doorhangers explaining why these materials had not been picked up and giving directions on how to dispose of the materials. Grants For Flood Damage Tree Removal In the first eight months after the earthquake, debris haulers collected 122,000 truck loads of debris.
 
The city relied on both residents and city staff to determine which locations needed debris pickups. A telephone bank, staffed by English-, Spanish-, and Korean-speaking operators, fielded requests for pickups from residents. Staff entered the address of each caller into a geographic information system database and regularly produced maps showing areas needing Grants For Flood Damage Tree Removal pickups. At the same time, city inspectors supervising the debris management work reported streets where debris had accumulated.
 
 Outside Assistance Los Angeles was largely self-sufficient in managing its earthquake debris. If the quantity of debris had been greater, the city would have asked for assistance from USACE (through FEMA), the state of California, and other states. Other agencies provided some assistance. The Grants For Flood Damage Tree Removal California Office of Emergency Services provided a liaison to FEMA and issued emergency regulations expanding permit hours for solid waste facilities.
 
FEMA funded the debris recycling program, including paying recycling facility tipping fees, as well as the costs associated with hiring data entry staff and contracting with a consultant to manage recycling efforts. For the period of May 14, 1995, through July 15, 1995, the average tipping fee Grants For Flood Damage Tree Removal to use the recycling facilities was $21.55 per ton versus $24.92 per ton for disposal facilities, resulting in an average savings of $3.37 per ton.
 
 In addition, recycling saved the city transportation costs since recycling facilities were closer to the devastated areas and many had shorter lines. California’s Integrated Waste Management Board helped Los Angeles obtain this funding by writing a letter to FEMA stating that recycling was state policy. Los Angeles, like every community in California, has Grants For Flood Damage Tree Removal been required to submit a plan for source reduction, recycling, and composting under the state’s Integrated Waste Management and Litter Reduction Act.
 
 FEMA determined that since Los Angeles had a recycling policy prior to the earthquake, the city did not need to demonstrate that recycling would save money in order to obtain FEMA funding. Lincoln County, Missouri — The Midwest Floods The Midwest floods in the summer of 1993 inundated 75 towns and more than 20 million acres of land in nine states. The flood damaged or destroyed an estimated 50,000 homes Grants For Flood Damage Tree Removal and ruined household belongings in thousands of other homes that were flooded.
 
One rural county that borders the Mississippi River, Lincoln County, Missouri, developed a successful debris management program with a significant recycling component. Collection and Recycling Lincoln County initiated separate debris cleanup programs for three types of debris:
 · Mud and sand deposited on roads Crews cleared mud and sand from roads and moved it into roadside drainage ditches. Later the ditches were cleared of the dirt and sand to restore drainage. Crews delivered the dirt to farmers, who used it for topsoil.
 · Household debris Soon after the flood waters began receding, Grants For Flood Damage Tree Removal county officials placed containers for household flood debris at one site in each of the county’s four towns along the river.
 
The county contracted with a private waste management firm to haul approximately 700 containers of debris, ranging in capacity from 40 to 90 tons, to a landfill. Initially, staff operated the collection sites 10 hours per day. Officials soon increased operating time to 24 hours per day Grants For Flood Damage Tree Removal because residents dropped off more debris at night than during the day.
 
 County residents brought household flood debris to the collection sites and left it on the ground. The county used a hi-lift, a tractor Grants For Flood Damage Tree Removal with a bucket on the front, to lift heavy items into large containers. Site staff were responsible for sorting materials for recycling, as well as separating out hazardous waste. The waste management contractor provided guidance on the types of hazardous waste sorters were likely to encounter.
 
Staff separated about 25 percent of the debris, including appliances, wood, shingles, insulation, tires, materials containing asbestos, and household hazardous waste. Scrap dealers picked up the appliances; individuals salvaged wood. Missouri’s recycling policy Grants For Flood Damage Tree Removal prohibiting landfilling of compostable materials (leaves and yard waste) was temporarily lifted after the flood.
 
 Substantial household hazardous waste accumulated at the collection sites. If sorters were unsure whether particular materials were hazardous (e.g., shingles and insulation), they set them aside as special debris. The waste hauler then determined whether these materials should be taken to a hazardous or nonhazardous waste landfill. The hauler Grants For Flood Damage Tree Removal placed leaking hazardous waste containers into sealed containers. No hazardous materials leaked onto the ground, so no soil remediation was needed at the collection sites.

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