Debris Removal >> Grants For Hurricane Damage Tree Removal

Metro-Dade County used different communications strategies for each stage of the debris management effort. In the days following the hurricane, city officials gave about 10 television and radio interviews each day, in which they asked residents to carry their garbage to the nearest cleared street. Later, the county used television, radio, Grants For Hurricane Damage Tree Removal and direct mail advertisements. Newspaper advertisements were not an option since the hurricane had temporarily halted publication of Miami’s daily newspaper.
 
 Because most access into the hurricane zone was by highway, the county also distributed flyers at highway toll plazas. Through all of these communication vehicles, the county told residents and building contractors how to set out debris, the status of debris collection in each zone, and the sanctions against illegal dumping. The county also added new telephone lines and work stations Grants For Hurricane Damage Tree Removal and hired and trained new staff to handle thousands of calls each month about debris.
 
Every call complaining about debris piles or illegal dumping was recorded, routed to the appropriate agency for action, and mapped on a geographic information system to help identify problem areas. Outside Assistance Metro-Dade County received extensive assistance from USACE in managing its hurricane debris. Within three days, two general contractors had been awarded debris removal Grants For Hurricane Damage Tree Removal contracts for $3 million and had begun removal efforts.
 
USACE took responsibility for the harder hit southern half of the county, while the county crews concentrated on the northern half. USACE debris removal work went on for over two years and totaled over $375 million. Mecklenburg County, North Carolina — Hurricane Hugo In September 1989, Hurricane Hugo created a solid waste crisis for Charlotte, North Carolina. In Mecklenburg Grants For Hurricane Damage Tree Removal County, North Carolina, alone, the equivalent of 10 years’ worth of green waste was generated in just over three hours.
 
 Collection and Recycling The Charlotte/Mecklenburg Emergency Management Office was well prepared to handle the variety of medical, housing, and communication needs presented by this disaster. Mecklenburg Grants For Hurricane Damage Tree Removal County did not, however, have a plan to deal with the enormous quantity of debris generated by the storm.
 
 When Hugo hit, the county was down to its last municipal solid waste landfill, which had only 2 1/2 years of capacity remaining. The county did not want to use up its remaining landfill capacity. Because of existing air pollution Grants For Hurricane Damage Tree Removal problems, burning was not a viable option either. County officials determined the best option would be to collect and shred the green waste—by far the largest category of waste—and distribute the resulting product for use as mulch and boiler fuel.
 
The city of Charlotte and six other municipalities in Mecklenburg County were responsible for collecting the hurricane debris. Working together, these Grants For Hurricane Damage Tree Removal communities spread collection and storage locations throughout the county. Eleven public properties were designated as green-waste dropoff sites, including former, present, and future landfill sites and a parcel of land at the Charlotte airport. Private citizens also volunteered land for collection sites.
 
More than 175,000 vehicle loads dumped a total of 400,000 tons of green waste at the collection sites over a 10-month period. Officials feared that such a large quantity of green waste would be accompanied by a high Grants For Hurricane Damage Tree Removal level of non-organic contaminants. The contaminant level was very low, however, due primarily to three factors:
· During the three weeks immediately following the storm, the county landfill accepted all storm-related, non-green-waste debris free of charge. This debris totaled 6,300 tons and consisted primarily of waste.
 · All entrances to green-waste sites were staffed during operating Grants For Hurricane Damage Tree Removal hours, and staff strictly enforced the prohibition of other types of waste.
 · The city of Charlotte resumed weekly curbside trash collection two days after the storm, providing convenient disposal of other types of waste for all residents.
 
While awaiting shredding, wood was piled 10 to 15 feet high over 100 acres of land. One problem with storing this much wood was the fire hazard. Green-waste mulch also was piled 10 feet high. When Grants For Hurricane Damage Tree Removal piled that high for more than a month, this mulch tends to heat up and can spontaneously combust. One mulch fire at a storage site took a week to extinguish.
 
The county initially hired a local contractor to shred the green waste into mulch using high-speed shredding equipment. One month after the hurricane, with four shredding systems working 12 hours per day, seven days a week, the county decided to contract for more grinders. Shredding was finally completed in February 1991 (16 months after the storm) at a cost of $7 million. Communication As the green-waste Grants For Hurricane Damage Tree Removal mulch was created, the county had yet another challenge on its hands: what to do with 400,000 tons of shredded green waste.
 
In October 1989, the county launched its "Take-a-Ton mulch give-away program. The media was very supportive in getting the Grants For Hurricane Damage Tree Removal word out. The Charlotte newspaper published maps of the give-away locations, and radio and television stations ran announcements. Initially, the product was too coarse to be used as mulch. But once the county reduced the shredder’s screen size and provided loaders on site, citizens took home the mulch as fast as it could be produced.
 
County officials also granted permits to contractors to haul away as much mulch as they could to sell to their customers. One company hauled away thousands of cubic yards to sell as boiler fuel to Grants For Hurricane Damage Tree Removal local paper mills. Outside Assistance State and federal sources, including FEMA, provided funding to Mecklenburg County. FEMA required the county to maintain data on all incoming debris and equipment operations. Five full-time staff kept detailed records of the county’s recovery expenses. At the site, county personnel recorded information on each vehicle, including delivery date, time, truck type, and user.
 
The county hired temporary staff to record similar information for contracted grinding operations. As a result of its diligent recordkeeping efforts, the county was reimbursed fully (75 percent from FEMA, 25 percent from the state of North Carolina) Grants For Hurricane Damage Tree Removal for its debris management costs, totaling over $7 million. The accounting also has proved helpful in planning for future natural disasters in the region.
 
Outside Assistance Most of the funding for the cleanup efforts came from a FEMA grant. Shortly after the storm, more than 2,000 military and National Guard personnel arrived to help in the cleanup effort, and the aid of 27 private contractors was secured. Together with county and state road crews, military units and Grants For Hurricane Damage Tree Removal contractors systematically swept the entire island to collect source-separated debris placed curbside by residents. With FEMA’s assistance, officials are preparing for future disasters by establishing a permanent collection and storage site with proper environmental controls.

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