Debris Removal >> Grants For Storm Damage Tree Removal

Kauai, Hawaii, Hurricane Iniki struck the Hawaiian island of Kauai in September 1992. The storm generated more than 5 million cubic yards of debris, seven years' worth of Kauai's normal refuse, for a landfill with less than four years of remaining capacity. Kauai needed the four years to plan and design a new landfill, and Grants For Storm Damage Tree Removal shipping the debris off the island for disposal was not economically feasible. 

Island officials therefore chose to develop an efficient collection and recycling plan that saved both money and the dwindling landfill space.Collection and Recycling Within days of the storm, island officials, with the cooperation of local landowners, Grants For Storm Damage Tree Removal established five temporary hurricane debris receiving sites. Officials trained temporary site operators to separate recoverable materials on site, but encountered many problems during the early stages of the cleanup effort. 

Hauling contracts had been written quickly and did not include incentives to keep materials free of contaminants. Consequently, some reusable materials became unusable. Haulers mixed clean loads of green waste with other trash and combined hazardous materials with recyclable debris. Stores and Grants For Storm Damage Tree Removal household refrigerators generated tons of food waste, which was mixed with recyclable materials. 

In the absence of instruction to do otherwise, residents began creating spontaneous dumps and at some sites burned or buried debris. In addition, Grants For Storm Damage Tree Removal the initial collection contractors were construction crews with little or no experience in handling and recovering solid waste.Because Kauai is an island, officials could not easily spread the burden by transporting hurricane debris to unaffected communities. 

Without an adequate management plan, the collection sites were overwhelmed until December, when officials implemented a debris management plan and Grants For Storm Damage Tree Removal contracted with professional solid waste personnel to manage the sites and the collection process.The island's solid waste management plan focused on recycling. 

From the beginning, local and state officials made a firm commitment to divert the massive amounts of debris from Kauai's landfill. A response team that included local, state, and federal government staff, contractors, Grants For Storm Damage Tree Removal and the county's solid waste consultants developed the plan. Team members agreed that materials recovery was the most environmentally sound and economical method of managing the hurricane debris.

The plan aimed to divert debris in a cost-effective manner by separating materials at the point of generation. It also proposed methods to maintain separation through the collection, transportation, storage, and Grants For Storm Damage Tree Removal processing stages. The plan required residents to separate materials into five piles at the curb: green waste; metals and appliances; wood debris; aggregate materials, including toilets, tile roofing, and concrete; and mixed debris. 

The plan also banned the burning of debris and instituted curbside collection across the island to accommodate those unable to haul the debris themselves. The plan ensured that processed debris was usable Grants For Storm Damage Tree Removal and met market specifications. Officials decided to hold off grinding any materials until a processing and end-use plan was developed. 

While this delay increased stockpiles of materials, it was essential to cost-effective diversion. All of the metals, appliances, tires, and Grants For Storm Damage Tree Removal aggregate materials were reused. The aggregate was used to make revetment walls to shore up county shore-front property. A local company processed more than half of the 100,000 tons of green waste created by the storm into compost, thereby saving the county millions of dollars and precious landfill space. 

As a result of delays, the recycling plans for the remainder of the green waste and mixed debris fell through, and the waste was buried or land filled. Although the plan took three months to prepare, it resulted in much higher debris diversion rates, minimized environmental impacts, Grants For Storm Damage Tree Removal reduced waste management costs, minimized threats to health and safety, and significantly shortened the duration of the cleanup effort. 

In addition, the plan instituted specific controls at collection sites across the island to monitor incoming debris, contain odors, and Grants For Storm Damage Tree Removal minimize water runoff. Communication One of the first orders of business after the storm was to inform residents about what to do with hurricane debris scattered across their property. 

With all communication systems down for several weeks, however, it was nearly impossible to reach all island residents to instruct them on how to separate materials. Kauai had only a fledgling recycling program, and Grants For Storm Damage Tree Removal source separation was not a household practice. As the communication systems recovered, island officials posted signs, ran articles in the newspaper, and broadcast radio announcements to inform citizens of upcoming collection efforts. 

After several weeks of intense outreach, the public caught on and Grants For Storm Damage Tree Removal began separating materials before pickup or drop off. Discrete piles of green waste, metals, wood, and mixed debris soon lined the streets of Kauai. During this process, island officials realized that mobilization for recovery would have occurred more rapidly and effectively if they had planned ahead. 

By developing a clearly defined organizational structure and public information materials in advance, Grants For Storm Damage Tree Removal officials could have saved time and money and streamlined cleanup efforts in the chaotic aftermath of the storm. Chipping/Mulching: The process of reducing woody material, such as lumber and vegetative debris, by mechanical means into small pieces to be used as mulch or fuel.

Construction and Demolition Debris (C&D): Is the damaged components of buildings and structures such as lumber and wood, gypsum board, glass, metal, roofing material, tile, carpeting and floor covering, window coverings, pipe concrete, asphalt, equipment, furnishings, and fixtures. Debris: Items and Grants For Storm Damage Tree Removal materials broken, destroyed, or displaced by a natural or human-made disaster. 

Examples of debris include, but are not limited to, trees, construction and demolition material, silt, mud, and personal property.Debris Clearance: Clearing roads by pushing debris to the roadside to accommodate emergency traffic.Debris Contracts: A local jurisdiction may decide to use contractors for their debris operations based on insufficient, resources, or Grants For Storm Damage Tree Removal volume of debris to be removed. 

There are three types of contracts typically used in debris removal:1. Unit Price Contracts: Are based on weights (tons) or volume (cubic yards) of debris hauled, and Grants For Storm Damage Tree Removal may be used when the scope-of-work is not well defined. 2. Lump Sum Contracts: Establish the total contract price using a one-time bid from the contractor and will only be used when the scope-of-work is clearly define, and the quantities of material area clearly defined.

3. Time and Materials Contracts: Are used based on time and materials and Grants For Storm Damage Tree Removal may be used for short periods of time immediately after the disaster to immobilize contractors for emergency removal efforts.

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