Debris Removal >> How To Remove Hurricane Damage Debris

More advanced tracking tools have been developed and used in the field to reduce human error and expedite funding. These computer-based systems often include the same information as a traditional load ticket. Each monitor is responsible for populating specific areas of the load ticket. The following table lists the load ticket information and the portions of the ticket to be completed by the respective How To Remove Hurricane Damage Debris monitor. 

Each monitor keeps a copy of the load ticket, and the driver/contractor keeps two copies for billing purposes.In computer-based systems, How To Remove Hurricane Damage Debris the collection monitor gathers the same information as in a traditional paper load ticket system and inputs this information into a handheld digital device.The collection monitor gives the hauler the information in a digital format (card or small driver). 

The monitor, stationed at the DMS or landfill, downloads the information, and completes the transaction in a manner similar to the traditional method. The monitor, How To Remove Hurricane Damage Debris stationed at the DMS or landfill, can then print a ticket for the hauler's billing purposes. Special Monitoring Issues The issues described below highlight the need for an applicant to closely monitor large contracted debris clearance, removal, and disposal activities. 

The issues focus on some of the problems associated with major debris disposal contracts and How To Remove Hurricane Damage Debris justify the need to monitor activities at local debris management and final disposal sites. It is essential that applicant's staff work to ensure that the debris removal contractors perform the required services at a reasonable cost.

Equipment The most typical unit measurement for vegetative and How To Remove Hurricane Damage Debris construction and demolition debris is the cubic yard. Debris trucks are evaluated for capacity at the DMS or final disposal sites. Applicants should require contractors to use appropriate equipment to load debris efficiently so that the maximum level of compaction can be achieved to facilitate expeditious removal of debris from the public rights-of-way. 

Equipment limitations impact the maximum loading capacity of some vehicles. The following is a list of truck conditions and How To Remove Hurricane Damage Debris the eligible capacities. Hand-loaded trucks and trailers cannot achieve compaction levels comparable to mechanically loaded vehicles. This effectively reduces the capacity of the hand-loaded truck or trailer in comparison to a truck or trailer that is loaded mechanically. 

Therefore, FEMA only reimburses 50 percent of the debris monitor's observed capacity percentage for a hand-loaded truck or trailer. Example: If a hand-loaded truck or trailer appears to be 100 percent full and would normally be recorded at 100 percent, How To Remove Hurricane Damage Debris that load should be recorded at 50 percent. 

A truck with no tailgate or no solid tailgate cannot be compacted to its full capacity;therefore, FEMA only considers a maximum of 85 percent of the certified truck capacity for reimbursement purposes. Also, How To Remove Hurricane Damage Debris hand loading debris in trucks or trailers does not achieve maximum compaction and as a result debris removal operations take longer to complete. 

A hand-loaded truck hauls less debris by weight per cubic yard than a mechanically loaded truck.Applicants should be aware of the differences between hand loading and How To Remove Hurricane Damage Debris mechanical loading when negotiating unit costs and should establish standard conversion factors in the contract agreements to address those differences. 

Refer to Appendix Y, FEMA RP9523.12, Debris Operations - Hand-Loaded Trucks and Trailers, for additional How To Remove Hurricane Damage Debris information about hand-loaded trucks and trailers. Monitoring Tips Monitors should be aware of situations that could impact an applicant's reimbursement under the Public Assistance Program. 

They should be on the lookout for:Inaccurate Truck Capacities - Trucks should be measured before operations and load capacities should be documented by truck number. Periodically, How To Remove Hurricane Damage Debris trucks should be pulled out of operation and re-measured by the applicant.Trucks Not Fully Loaded - Do not accept the contention that loads are higher in the middle and if leveled would fill the truck. 

Monitors may check to see if that statement is valid.Trucks Lightly Loaded - Trucks arrive loaded with treetops (or a treetop) with extensive voids in the load. Trucks need to be loaded to their full capacity with front end loaders or How To Remove Hurricane Damage Debris other similar equipment. Trucks Overloaded - Trucks cannot receive credit for more than the measured capacity of the truck or trailer bed even if material is above the sideboards. 

If a truck is measured to carry 18 cubic yards, it cannot receive credit for more than 18 cubic yards. However, How To Remove Hurricane Damage Debris it can receive credit for less if not fully loaded or lightly loaded as described above. Changing Truck Numbers - Normally, trucks are listed by an assigned vehicle number and capacity. There have been occasions where truck or trailer numbers with a smaller carrying capacity have been changed to one with a larger capacity. 

For instance, a 20-cubic-yard truck may have a number for a truck that can carry 30 cubic yards. This can be detected if the applicant periodically re-measures the trucks or records actual State license plate numbers in addition to a description of the truck. Maintaining truck and How To Remove Hurricane Damage Debris trailer certifications with attached photos at the DMS tower can assist in mitigating such activities. 

Reduced Truck Capacity or Increased Truck Weight - There have been occasions where trucks have had heavy steel grating welded two to three feet above the bed after being measured, How To Remove Hurricane Damage Debris thus reducing the capacity or inflating the weight of a load. This can be detected by periodically re-measuring the truck bed or recertifying the truck tare weight.

Wet Debris When Paid by Weight - Excessive water added to debris will increase the weight of the load. When the contractual unit cost is based on weight, How To Remove Hurricane Damage Debris this increases the cost to the applicant. Contractors have added excessive water to debris loads to increase the weight when being paid by the ton. 

This can be detected during monitoring if there is excessive water dripping from the truck bed or by inspecting the truck bed immediately after unloading. The How To Remove Hurricane Damage Debris applicant should periodically recertify the truck tare weight. Multiple Counting of the Same Load - Trucks have been reported driving through the disposal site without unloading, then re-entering with the same load. 

This can be detected by observing the time of departure and time of arrival recorded on the driver's load ticket.This may also indicate problems with the applicant's debris monitors at the loading or How To Remove Hurricane Damage Debris unloading site. The debris monitors at the unloading area must ensure the truck is empty before it leaves the DMS. Picking up Ineligible Debris - This is difficult to detect unless debris monitors are watching the pick-up process. 

Monitors should have a good understanding of eligible debris and anytime limits imposed on picking up specific types of debris. Examples (from actual occurrences) include sweeping areas for abandoned cars and white goods, cleaning up illegal dump sites, How To Remove Hurricane Damage Debris removing cut trees from subdivisions under development, and removing/cutting trees from off the rights-of-way in rural areas.

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