Debris Removal >> Storm Damage Building Demolition & Removal Cost

Local governments manage the debris collection process. They can either perform debris collection work with local employees or use debris collection contractors.If contractors are used, their work and charges should be monitored to ensure the contract costs are eligible for FEMA funding and Storm Damage Building Demolition & Removal Cost to reduce the likelihood of waste, fraud, and abuse. 

Monitors can be local government employees or can be provided by a monitoring contractor.Any debris removal operation has three primary phases: planning,initiation, and implementation. This report describes the major activities occurring in each phase, Storm Damage Building Demolition & Removal Cost along with our observations regarding FEMA s performance in the management and oversight of each phase.

Debris planning consists of actions conducted by a state or locality in advance of a disaster to prepare for an effective and efficient debris removal effort. Elements of a sound debris plan include a clear definition of roles and responsibilities of the major participants, Storm Damage Building Demolition & Removal Cost an identification of debris staging and final disposal sites, a process for handling various types of vegetative and non-vegetative debris, a process for handling hazardous waste, and at least two prequalified contractors to remove debris. 

Plans should also address the roles of state, county, and municipal employees who may be engaged to provide direct labor support. Debris project initiation consists of activities conducted after the disaster to start debris removal. These activities, which have significant financial implications, may occur in a compressed and Storm Damage Building Demolition & Removal Cost stressful period when search and rescue operations are under way and the community is struggling to provide basic services to citizens. 

Key activities in the initiation phase include: Organizing government and contractor resources and personnel; Conducting preliminary damage assessments and estimates; Preparing and executing competitively bid contracts for debris removal and monitoring; and Developing management and operational protocols and Storm Damage Building Demolition & Removal Cost processes.The implementation phase consists of two primary work streams: debris removal and debris monitoring. 

Debris removal is generally performed by a combination of contractor and government personnel and equipment,and consists of removing and disposing of vegetative and non-vegetative debris in accordance with eligibility and procedural guidelines developed by FEMA. Debris monitoring may be likewise performed by some combination of contractor and government personnel and consists of verifying the eligibility, volume, Storm Damage Building Demolition & Removal Cost and basis for cost of debris removal and disposal activities. 

Removing debris is expensive; as table 1 shows, Storm Damage Building Demolition & Removal Cost FEMA has expended or obligated more than $8 billion to reimburse applicants for eligible debris removal activities for fiscal years (FYs)2000–2010. The costs of debris removal are greater than represented in the table since this is the federal share. 

Most disasters require a 25% non federal (state and applicant) share toward the full cost of debris removal. However, Storm Damage Building Demolition & Removal Cost under the Stafford Act there is flexibility when the severity of the disaster overwhelms the state, the applicant cost-share can, with Presidential authorization, be adjusted downward and in some cases can even be eliminated.

Fiscal Year Total Expended or Storm Damage Building Demolition & Removal Cost Obligated for Debris Removal ($ millions) 2000 $206.9 2001 $376.3 2002 $617.2 2003 $212.6 2004 $233.3 2005 $1,316.3 2006 $2,461.2 2007 $753.9 2008 $266.7 2009 $1,347.3 2010 $209.6 Total $8,001.3 

The Post-Katrina Emergency Management Reform Act of 2006 directed FEMA to conduct a pilot PA program to reduce the overall cost of federal public assistance to state and local governments, Storm Damage Building Demolition & Removal Cost increase grant flexibility,and expedite assistance to eligible state and local governments. Participation by state and local governments in the program was voluntary. 

The pilot program included four key debris-related provisions: Provide grants on the basis of estimates for large projects up to$500,000; Provide an additional 5% federal cost share for applicants with FEMA-approved debris management plans in place; Allow applicants to retain the salvage value of recyclable debris; and Storm Damage Building Demolition & Removal Cost Reimburse regular time salaries and benefits of permanently employed staff performing debris-related activities.

FEMA operated the pilot program from June 1, 2007, through December 31, 2008 when Congressional authority for the pilot program expired. Debris Planning State and local governments are encouraged to plan for, and are expected to manage, their own debris removal operations following an emergency or major disaster, Storm Damage Building Demolition & Removal Cost with eligible costs being reimbursable under the PA program. 

As part of debris planning,state and local governments are encouraged to prequalify local or regional debris removal contractors to ensure the immediate availability of coordinated debris removal support following a debris-producing event. Federal, state, and Storm Damage Building Demolition & Removal Cost local officials agreed that another important element of debris planning and preparation is identifying debris disposal sites in advance. 

By developing a debris management plan, communities will be better prepared to address disaster-related debris in a time-efficient manner, there by expediting the recovery process. Additionally, Storm Damage Building Demolition & Removal Cost a sound and properly executed debris management plan should enhance an applicant's ability to document its costs and reduce the time and administrative burden of applying for PA grant assistance. 

To assist state and local governments in developing a debris management plan, FEMA provides training to state and local officials. Only a minority of states, most of them in hurricane prone locations, Storm Damage Building Demolition & Removal Cost currently have a plan in place. Most local governments also do not have such plans in place. FEMA does not determine whether a plan is approved or disapproved, as it did during the pilot program. 

However, FEMA continues to review debris plans that are submitted to the regional offices. Regional and Storm Damage Building Demolition & Removal Cost state officials said that confusion exists regarding FEMA's role in approving plans, perhaps as a result of these changes. 

Pilot Program Impact on Planning FEMA's pilot PA program included the provision of an additional 5% federal cost share, not to exceed a total of 100%, Storm Damage Building Demolition & Removal Cost to applicants having a FEMA-approved debris management plan and at least two prequalified debris and wreckage removal contractors identified prior to a disaster. 

To assist state and local governments, FEMA provided a debris management plan outline and Storm Damage Building Demolition & Removal Cost the checklist that FEMA would use for plan approval. FEMA requirements did not include identifying disposal sites as part of the management plan's content. Further, FEMA trained 3,409 state and local officials in 21 states and three territories on the development of debris management plans in FY 2008 under the pilot program.

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