Dehumidification >> The Best Ways To Dehumidify

In this research, the concept of produced water desalination by using new HD process was laboratory investigated through a lab-constructed HD unit. The influences of the operation parameters such as feed water temperature and flow rate, carrying air flow rate on purified water quality, productivity, and water recovery were investigated. The Best Ways To Dehumidify The research indicated that feed water temperature, water flow rate, as well as carry air flow rate show dramatic influence on water productivity and ion removal efficiency. Over 98% of dissolved salt was removed in a tubing-shell structured HD unit.
 
 Considerable enhancement in water productivity was achieved by deploying built-in capillary bundle as dehumidifier. The water productivity was increased from 48 to 311 ml/(m2 .h) with The Best Ways To Dehumidify water recovery reached 20.7% at 80. Desalination experiments with actual coal bed methane produced water indicated that both salt and dissolvable organics were removed efficiently by the HD process: the total dissolved solid was reduced from 1.98 to 104 to 76.75 mg/L while the total organic carbon was declined from 470.2 to 17.83 mg/L.
 
The purified produced water is suitable for many beneficial uses, such as agricultural irrigation and industry use. Produced water embodies the primary waste stream of oil, natural gas and coal bed methane production. It is very saline, sometimes nearly six times as salty as seawater, and contains dissolved hydrocarbons and organic matter as well. Produced The Best Ways To Dehumidify water disposal at the production site for land restoration or other beneficial uses will be the primary option for cost effective produced water management, due to the limitation in storage capacity and distribution technologies available at each particular site.
 
 For the purpose of direct disposal or land restoration, the deployment of advanced technologies for removing salts and dissolvable organics is generally required for attaining surface water discharge The Best Ways To Dehumidify standards or reuse criteria [Dallbauman et al., 2005]. For example, in New Mexico, any disposal of produced water must meet the standard promulgated by the Oil Conservation Division (OCD) of the New Mexico Energy, Minerals and Natural Resource Department (NMEMNRD).
 
 Unfortunately, ample experiments and demonstration tests have indicated that no cost-effective technologies can The Best Ways To Dehumidify effectively treat produced water to substantial quality that meets the direct disposal quality criteria. As a result, the bulk of produced water (>90%) is currently managed through a threestep process: (1) lifting produced water to the surface, (2) transportation to the disposal site, and (3) deep well injection or evaporation [Veil, 2004].
 
Both transportation and deep well injection are costly and offers potential contamination to groundwater systems, and thus face strict regulation. The average disposal cost for produced water in NM is ~$2.5/bbl, with a major part of this cost attributed to its transportation in most of the producing areas of NM [Veil, 2004]. osal can potentially The Best Ways To Dehumidify convert an uneconomic production from otherwise beneficial wells, particularly those marginal wells with poor establishment in water transportation systems.
 
 As a result, some of the operations were forced to be abandoned. In addition, many oil/gas exploration activities render land more vulnerable to degradation, because of the scarcity of water. The Best Ways To Dehumidify The effects of this potential degradation threaten to restrict energy exploration, and the cost of the subsequent infrastructure degradation could be substantial. Purified produced water can be a valuable clean water resource for restoring the landscape and maintaining native vegetation.
 
 Considering the undesirable effects of high costs and land The Best Ways To Dehumidify degradation, it is desirable to develop a method of cleaning produced water for directly disposal at wellhead. High concentration of salts and hydrocarbons are generally present in produced water. The conventional oil/water separations used in oil/gas industry, such as gravity separation and micro filtration process, have no influence on the concentration of dissolved components in produced water.
 
However, the presence of dissolved components shows a major impact on the receiving environment due to their toxicity. The The Best Ways To Dehumidify primary concern is the high salt concentration which causes soil degradation and serious corrosion and dissolved hydrocarbons. Many of the dissolved hydrocarbons are toxic, particularly the chemicals with small molecule aromatics, such as toluene, benzene, ethylbenzene and xylene (BTEX).
 
 In some cases, dissolved metal ions and radioactive elements are also dissolved in produced water and must be removed for disposal. Typical dissolved components in produced water The Best Ways To Dehumidify are shown in Table 1-1. In the past decade, many efforts have been made to purify produced water to substantial quality for disposal or beneficial use. The conventional demineralization technologies include reverse osmosis (RO), distillation, electrodialysis, freeze desalination, and ion exchange [Cox et al., 1993].
 
Technologies for dissolved organic removal include air stripping, activated carbon adsorption, synthetic zeolite adsorption, membrane filtration, biological treatment and wet air oxidation [Hansen et al., 1992]. Each technology has its limitation in produced water purification The Best Ways To Dehumidify due to the complex chemical composition. Table 1-2 summarizes the approaches of dissolved component removal from produced water and characteristics of each technology.
 
 Even with rapid advancement in water demineralization technologies, water purification at the wellhead would need to be tailored The Best Ways To Dehumidify to meet the specific characteristics of water production in each individual well. First, the amount of water at each particular site is limited by well production and by available storage capacity and distribution pipelines at the site.
 
 The 5 desalination technology used must be efficient for application in small or medium-scale water treatment scenarios and insensitive to the variability in water chemistry. Secondly, formation and production The Best Ways To Dehumidify history will have a dramatic influence on produced water quality and how the purification technology can be deployed. The produced water purification process must be highly efficient for produced waters with variable chemistry.
 
Finally, any sophisticated pretreatments must be avoided due to the high operation cost; the novel strategy of produced water purification must be tolerant of solid suspensions and floating oil. Unfortunately, The Best Ways To Dehumidify the membrane technologies, such as reverse osmosis and electrodialysis, generally require multistage pretreatment for fouling removal and are only economically competitive for large quantities of water (i.e. >1000 m3 /d) [Ettouney et al., 2004].
 
Thermal processes have advantages of high purity product but are limited by the high energy intensity associated with phase changes. Water purification tactics must be adapted to meet the unique The Best Ways To Dehumidify characteristics of produced water production from oil/gas and CBM production field, particularly addressing the limitations in well production and water availability at each particular site.

General Mold Cleanup Procedures

General Mold Cleanup Procedures Identify and correct the moisture source Clean, disinfect, and dry the moldy area Bag and dispose any material that has moldy residues, such as rags, paper, leaves, or debris What can I save? What should I toss? Substances that are porous and can trap molds, such as p  read more..

OSHA Requirements For Crime Scene Cleanup

Fourth, the fact that nursing homes are subject to infection control requirements imposed by the Health Care Financing Administration (HCFA) of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services under the Medicare and Crime Scene Cleanup OSHA Requirements For Crime Scene Cleanup Medicaid programs and to infection control requirements of states doe  read more..

Mesothelioma


Stages of Malignant Mesothelioma After malignant mesothelioma has been diagnosed, Asbestos Abatement Mesothelioma tests are done to find out if cancer cells have spread to other p  read more..

Types Of Perimeter Fencing

When officials recommend evacuation Coordinate your departure with people who will be traveling with you. Notify an out-of-area person of your plans.Secure your home.Put your disaster supplies kit in your vehicle. Double check evacuation routes and leave.Who Should Plan to Leave Early Residents of l  read more..

I Got Water On The Carpet In My Basement

Recent instances of whole house deep energy retrofits for private clients could eventually yield case studies that will help researchers identify consumer preferences and cost-effective methods for exterior basement insulation. So far, however, Basement Drying I Got Water On The Carpet In My Basement the anecdotal  evidence gleaned from iso  read more..

Getting Rid Of Lead Paint

Some methods generate so much lead contaminated dust that their use is prohibited. They are: Open-flame burning or torching Sanding, grinding, planing, needle gunning, or blasting with power tools and equipment not equipped with a shroud and HEPA vacuum attachment and Lead Paint Removal Getting Rid Of Lead Paint Using a heat gun  read more..

How To Protect Fences From Intruders

Although Ike became extra tropical while moving northward over Arkansas, its remnants caused several deaths and produced significant wind damage across the Ohio Valley. At least 28 direct and Emergency Board up How To Protect Fences From Intruders indirect deaths were reported in Tennessee, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Missouri, Kentucky, Mich  read more..

Mold Removal

Mold has been around since the beginning of time, so why has it become such a concern today? Why do we read about the effects of Dehumidification Mold Removal in the news, or hear about mold hearing in the courts, or worry about mold disturbing our health?  There are various reasons to ponder. In the most recent yea  read more..

Drying Equipment

FEMA Hurricane Katrina Recovery Advisories FEMA has prepared a series of Recovery Advisories that present guidance for design, construction, and restoration of buildings in areas subject to coastal flooding and high winds from Hurricane Katrina. To date, Structural Drying Drying Equipment eight advisories have been pre  read more..

Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention

Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Program The elimination of childhood lead poisoning has been one of the most effective public health campaigns of the 21st century, but much work remains to be done. The Arizona Department of Health Services (ADHS) remains committed to preventing new cases of chil  read more..